Header Ads

Spices Name with Relevant Necessary Vocabulary Note & Image

spices name, name of spices, spices
Spice / spaɪs / (স্পাছ্‌) n [one of the various types of seed that come from different plants and are used in cooking to give a special flavor to food. Spices have a strong taste and smell] (মসলা): Spices are widely used in South Asian cooking.

Necessary Vocabulary Note

Ø Flavour / ˈfleɪvər / (ˈফ্লেইভএর্‌) n {USA flavor} [how food or drink tastes, or a particular taste itself] (<খাওয়ার সময়>স্বাদগন্ধ): Enjoy the flavour of fresh fish. A wine with a delicate fruit flavour   

Ø Spice / spaɪs / (স্পাছ্‌) v [= to add spice to food in order to give it more flavor] (মসলা দিয়ে সুস্বাদু করা): highly spiced dishes (=অত্যাধিক মসলাযুক্ত খাবার)

Ø Strong / strɔːŋ / (স্ট্রোঙ্‌) adj [having a lot of flavour] (ঝাঁঝলো; উগ্র): strong cheese/onions

Ø Smell / smel / (স্মেল্‌) n [the quality of Sth that people and animals sense through their noses] (ঘ্রাণ; গন্ধ): There’s a delicious smell in here. Yuk! What a smell! 

Onion / ˈʌnjən / (ˈআনি) n [a round vegetable with many layers inside each other and a brown, red or white, thin and light skin on the outside and white inside, it has a strong smell and flavor] (পেঁয়াজ): I always cry when I cut onions. Onion is a powerful anti-septic that is rich in vitamins A B and C.
      <SYN> Shallot / səˈlɑːt / (ˈলা্‌ট) n [a small onion with a very strong taste] (ছোট পেঁয়াজ):

Garlic / ˈgɑːrlɪk / (ˈগার্লিক) n [a plant of the onion family with a very strong taste and smell and is used in cooking to add flavor and taste] (রসুন): a clove of garlic [= one section of it]. Fry the chopped onion and crushed garlic for 5 minutes.

Ø Clove / kloʊv / (ক্লৌভ্‌) n [one of the small separate sections of a bulb of garlic] (কোয়া): Use one crushed clove of garlic.

Ø Crush / krʌʃ / (ক্রাশ্‌) v {Pt. Pp. crushed / krʌʃt / (ক্রাশট্‌)} [to break Sth into small pieces or into a power by pressing hard] (<পাউডারের মতো> গুড়া করা): Crush the garlic finely before adding.

Ginger / ˈdʒɪndʒə /(ˈজিন্‌জ) n [the root of the ginger is a tropical flowering plant that has a thick underground stem that sprouts roots and shoots, which is used in cooking as a spice and eaten preserved in sugar] (আদা): A teaspoon of ground ginger (=এক চা চামচ আদাবাটা)

Ø Stem / stem / (স্টেম্‌) n [the stick-like central part of a plant above the ground from which the leaves or flowers grow] (ডাটা<গাছের বোঁটা, ফুল ও পাতা যে অংশে যুক্ত থাকে>): There are several leaves on each stem.

Ø Sprout / spraʊt / (স্প্রট্‌) v [<of plant or seeds> to produce new leaves or buds; to start to grow] (পল্লবিত হওয়া; পাতা গাজানো): The seeds will sprout in a few days.

Ø Shoot / ʃuːt / (শূট্‌) n [the part that grows up from the ground when a plant starts to grow] (অঙ্কুর): This plant has no shoots yet.

Chili / ˈtʃɪli /(ˈচিলি) n {UK chilli} [the small green or red fruit of a type of pepper plant that is used in cooking to give a hot taste to food, often dried or made into a powder] (মরিচ): Chili especially red one is high in vitamins and minerals.

Necessary Vocabulary Note & Image 

hot, hot taste

Ø Hot / hɑːt / (হাঃট্‌) adj [describes food which causes a burning feeling in the mouth] (ঝাল): You can make a curry hotter simply by adding chilies. Hot spicy food

black pepper
Black Pepper
Black pepper / blæk ˈpepər / (ব্ল্যাকˈপেপ) n [black pepper is a flowering plant in the vine family, cultivated for its fruit, which is usually dried and used as a spice and seasoning] (গোল মরিচ):

Ø Cultivate / ˈkʌltɪveɪt / (ˈকালটিভেট্‌) v {Pt. Pp. cultivated / ˈkʌltɪveɪtɪd / (ˈকালটিভেটিড্‌)} [to prepare and use a land for growing plants or crops] (চাষ করা; আবাদ করা): Most of the land there is too poor to cultivate.
       <NOUN> Cultivator / ˈkʌltɪveɪtər / (ˈকালটিভের্‌) n [a person who cultivates the land] (চাষা; চাষী):

Ø Season / ˈsiːzn / (ˈছিজ্‌ন্‌) v {~ with} [to add salt, pepper, etc. to food in order to give it more flavor] (<খাদ্যে লবণ, মরিচ, মসলা ইত্যাদি দিয়ে> স্বাদ গন্ধযুক্ত করা; স্বাদিত করা): Add the mushrooms, and season to test (= add as much salt, pepper, etc. as you think is necessary)

     <NOUN> Seasoning / ˈsiːzənɪŋ / (ˈছীজনিং) n [a substance used to add flavor to food, especially salt, and pepper] (খাদ্যকে সুস্বাদু করার জন্য যোগ করা হয়): Taste the soup and adjust the seasoning, adding more salt or pepper as desired.

bay leaf
Bay Leaf
Bay leaf / ˈbeɪ liːf / (ˈবে লীফ্‌) n [bay leaf refers to the aromatic leaves of several used in cooking as spice] (তেজপাতা):

Ø Aromatic / ˌærəˈmætɪk / (ˌএ্যারˈম্যাটিক) adj [having a pleasant (মনোরম) smell] (সুগন্ধী; সুরভিত): aromatic oils/herbs.
        <SYN> Fragrant /ˌfreɪgrənt / (ˌফ্রেগ্রন্‌ট্‌)

      <NOUN> Aroma / əˈroʊmə / (ˈরৌম) n [a pleasant, noticeable (লক্ষনীয়; আকর্ষণীয়) smell] (সুগন্ধ; সৌরভ): A delicious (সুস্বাদু) aroma is coming from the kitchen. The aroma of fresh baked bread.

Cumin / ˈkʌmɪn / (ˈকামিন্‌) n [the dried seeds of the cumin plant, used in cooking as a spice, especially ground and used in curry powder] (জিরা): Cumin should not be bought ready-powder(কেনা গুরা মসলা), but prefer to buy the seeds whole.

black cumin
Black cumin
Black cumin / blæk ˈkʌmɪn / (ব্ল্যাক কামিন) n [black cumin refer to the seeds of either of two quite different plants, both of which are used as spices] (কালোজিরা):

Coriander/ ˌkɔːriˈndər / (ˌকোরিˈএ্যান্ড) n {USA cilantro} [it is a small annual plant, all parts of the plant are edible, but the fresh leaves and the dried seeds are used in cooking as a spice] (ধনিয়া): Coriander is best lightly roasted before use, and then finely (মিহিকরে) ground (পিষা) in a Grinder Stone (শিল পাটা).

roast, roast spices

Ø Roast / roʊst / (রৌস্ট্‌) v {Pt. Pp. roasted / roʊstɪd / (রৌস্টিড্‌)} [to heat nuts, beans, etc. in order to dry them and turn them brown; to be heated in this way] (তাপ দেওয়া; সেঁকা): roasted spices  

Cardamom / ˈkɑːrdəməm / (ˈকাঃর্ড) n [a South Asian plant, the dried seeds of which used in cooking as a spice or herb] (এলাচ): Add two teaspoonful of ground cardamom.

Necessary Vocabulary Note

Ø Herb / hɜːrb / (হা্‌র্ব্‌) n [a plant whose leaves, flowers or seeds are used in cooking to give flavour to particular dishes, or which are used in making a medicine of disease] (ভেষজ; ঔষধি): The Shop sells a large range of herbs and spices.

Clove / kloʊv / (ক্লৌভ্‌) n [the clove tree is an evergreen tropical tree, that grows up to 8—12 meters tall, with large leaves and flowers grouped (থোকা) in terminal clusters, the dried flower of this tree, used in cooking as a spice, to give flavor to sweetmeat or hot food] (লবঙ্গ):

Necessary Vocabulary Note

Ø Evergreen / ˈevərgriːn / (ˈএভর্‌গ্রীন্‌) n [describes a tree or bush that has green leaves all through the year] (চির সবুজ<বৃক্ষ>):

Ø Cluster / ˈklʌstər / (ˈক্লাছট) n [a group of similar things of the same type that are close together or appear close together] (গুচ্ছ; স্তবক): The plant bears (<গাছে ফুল/ফল> ধরা) its flower in clusters.

mustard seed
Mustard Seed
Mustard seed / ˈmʌstərdsiːd / (ˈমাস্টর্ড ছীড্‌) n [mustard seed in the small round seeds of various mustard plants are usually about 1 or 2mm in diameter, it may be colored from yellowish white to black. They are important herbs that are crushed to make mustard oil is used in cooking as an ingredient] (সরিষা):

Cinnamon / ˈsɪnəmən / (ˈছিন) n [the hard outer bark of a tropical tree or a powder made from this, used in cooking as a spice, especially to give extra flavor or particular taste of sweet food] (ডালচিনি; দারুচিনি): Cinnamon is principally (প্রধানত) employed (ব্যবহৃত) in cooking as a flavor material (বস্তু). 

1. Bark
Ø Bark / bɑːrk / (বাঃর্ক্‌) n 1. [the outer covering of a tree] (<গাছের>ছাল বা বাকল): The bark peels off in summer.

bark, bark dog
2. Bark

2. [a short, loud, rough noise that a dog and some other animals make] (<কুকুর বা শিয়ালের ডাক> ঘেউ ঘেউ; হুক্কাহুয়া): The dog gave a loud bark.

Ajwain / ˈædʒwɒn /(ˈএ্যাজওয়া) n [ajwain is an annual herb plant, both the leaves and the fruit pods of the plant are consumed by humans, the small fruit pods are pale and have an oval(ডিম্বাকার) shape. It has a bitter and pungent taste] (জোয়ান): it is a common sight in India to see mothers and grandmothers handing out ajwain to family members who have an upset stomach.

Necessary Vocabulary Note & English Word Meaning

Ø Pod / pɑːd / (পাঃড্‌) n [a long thin case filled with seeds that develop from the flowers of some plants, especially peas and beans] (<মটরশুটি, শিম ইত্যাদির লম্বা>বীজাধার; শুঁটি; খোসা): a pea/vanilla pod

Ø Consume / kənˈsuːm / (ন্‌ˈছূম্‌) v {Pt. Pp. consumed / kənˈsuːmd / (ন্‌ˈছূমড্‌)} [to eat or drink, especially a lot of something] (আহার বা ভোগ করা): Red meat should be consumed in moderation.

Ø Bitter / ˈbɪtər / (ˈবিটর্‌) adj [(of food) having a strong, unpleasant sharp<কড়া> taste; not sweet] (তিতা; তিক্ত; কটু): a bitter flavour 

Ø Pungent / ˈpʌndʒənt / (ˈপান্‌জ্‌ন্‌ট্‌) adj [having a strong taste or smell] (তীব্র ঝাঁঝালো গন্ধ): the pungent smell of burning rubber.

Ø <PHR> Hand Sth out <to Sb> [=to give a number of things to the members of a group] (বিতরণ করা): Could you hand these books out, please?
      <SYN> Distribute 

Ø Upset / ʌpˈset / (আপˈছেট) v [=to make Sb feel sick after they have eaten or drunk Sth] (<পেট> গোলমাল বা খারাপ করা): He cannot take milk – they upset his stomach. Upset stomach (=পেট খারাপ).

sesame seed
Sesame seed
Sesame seed / ˈsesəmi siːd / (ˈছেছমি ছীড) n [sesame is an herb flowering plant, grown for its small oval seeds and its oil] (তিল): Sesame seed has one of the highest oil content of any seed, some variety  exceeding 50 percent oil content compared to Soybean’s 20 percent.

Ø Sesame / ˈsesəmi / (ˈছেছমি) n [a tropical plant grown for its small oval seeds and its herbal oil, which are used in cooking] (তিল গাছ): Sesame oil. 

Turmeric / ˈtɜːrmərɪk / (ˈটাঃর্মরিক) n [a yellow powder made from the root of a Turmeric plant, used in cooking as a spice, especially in curry] (হলুদ): in the Indian subcontinent, turmeric has been used as a remedy for stomach and liver ailments as well as topically to heal sores.

Necessary Vocabulary Note

Ø Remedy / ˈremədi / (ˈরেমডি) n {~ for Sth} [a treatment or medicine to cure a disease or reduce pain that is not very serious] (প্রতিষেধক): an excellent home remedy for sore throats (=গলা বসা).

Ø Ailment / ˈeɪlmənt / (ˈলমন্‌ট্‌) n [an illness that is not very serious] (পীড়া; অসুস্থতা): Common ailment.
    <SYN> Illness

Ø Topically / ˈtɑːpɪkli / (ˈট্রা্‌পেক্‌লি) adv (=সাময়িকভাবে)

 Nutmeg / ˈnʌtmeg /(ˈনাটমেগ) n [the hard seed of a tropical tree or brown powder made from this and used in cooking as a spice, especially to give flavor to cakes and sauces] (জায়ফল; জয়িত্রী): Nutmeg is usually used in powdered form.

Walnut / ˈwɔːlnʌt / (ˈয়ালনাট) n [a nut with a slightly bitter taste and a series of folds with a rough surface in it and a hard round shell or the walnut tree produces these nuts] (আখরোট):

Ø Shell / ʃel / (শেল্‌) n [the hard outer covering of eggs, nuts, some seeds and some sea animals] (খোলা; খোসা): the shell of a snail/walnut/crab

Raisin / ˈreɪzɪn / (ˈরেজি্‌ন্‌) n [a raisin is a dried grape. Raisins are produced in many regions of the world and may be eaten raw or used in cooking, baking or as a spice in cakes, sweets etc.] (কিশমিশ):

Saffron / ˈsæfrən / (ˈছ্যাফ্‌র) n [a bright yellow substance obtained from a crocus flower, used in cooking as a spice to give especial color and nice flavor to food] (জাফ্‌রান): Saffron contributes a luminous yellow-orange coloring to foods.

Necessary Vocabulary Note

Ø Crocus / ˈkroʊkəs/ (ˈক্রৌকছ্‌) n [a small cup-shaped yellow, purple or white flower that appears in early spring, the spice saffron is obtained from the stigmas(<উদ্ভিদ>গর্ভমুণ্ড) of crocus plant]( প্রথম বসন্তে জন্মানো রঙ্গিণ ফুলের গাছ বিশেষ):

Ø Contribute / kənˈtrɪjuːt / (ˈট্রিব্যি) v [to be one of the causes of Sth] (<কোনোকিছু> ঘটতে সাহায্য করা): Medical negligence was said to have contributed to his death.

Ø Luminous / ˈluːmɪnəs / (ˈলূমিনছ্‌) adj [very bright in color] (আলোকোজ্জ্বল; উজ্জ্বল): They painted the gate a luminous red.
      <SYN> Vibrant 

Peanut / ˈpiːnʌt /(ˈপীনাট্‌) n [ the peanut or groundnut is a plant seed that grows underground in pairs inside with a thin brown pod] (চিনাবাদাম): Peanuts are a favorite food, whether eaten alone as a snack food or mixed into candy, cookies, pies and other bakery products.

Pistachio / pɪstæʃiʊ / (পিˈছট্যাশিও) n [pistachio is a desert plant and is highly saline tolerant(লবন সহিষ্ণু), its fruit with a hard shell which contains a green seed that is eaten as a spice] (পেস্তা):

Cashew / ˈkæʃuː / (ˈক্যাশূ) n [the cashew tree is a tropical evergreen tree that produces the small curved nut, it can grow as high as 15 meters, its nut is served as a snack or used in recipes, like other nuts] (কাজু বাদাম):

Ø Recipe / ˈresəpi / (ˈরেছপি) n [a set of instructions telling you how to prepare and cook Sth and the ingredients, including a list of what food is needed for this] (<রান্নাবান্নার>প্রস্তুত প্রণালী): For real South Asian food, just follow these recipes.

Almond / ˈɑːmənd / (ˈআঃমন্‌ড্‌) n [the flat pale (ফিকে) sweet nut of the almond tree used in cooking and to make oil] (খুবানি; কাঠবাদাম): The almond nut is eaten on toasted (ছেঁকা).

Aniseed / ˈænəsiːd / (ˈএ্যানছীড) n [the dried seeds of the anise plant, used to give extra flavor to alcoholic drinks and sweet foods, candy, and herbal medicine, and also used as a spice in cooking] (মৌরি):

fennel seeds
Fennel seeds
Fennel seeds / ˈfenl siːds / (ˈফেন্‌ল্‌ ছীডছ্‌) n [a plant with a thick rounded stem with a strong taste, it is a highly aromatic and flavorful herb and its small pale leaves are also cooked as a side spice] (রাঁধুনি):

Fenugreek / ˈfenjʊgriːk / (ফেনুগ্রীক্‌) n [a plant with hard yellow-brown seeds that are used in south Asian cooking as a spice] (মেথি):

five spices
Five-spices / ˈfaɪv - spaɪsɪz / (ˈফাভ্‌-স্পািজ্‌) n [five spices consists of fenugreek seed, nigella seeds, cumin seed, black mustard seed and fennel seed] (পাঁচফোড়ন; পাঁচ মসলা): In Chinese food, five-spice is widely used to season meats or vegetables.

   <SYN> Five seasoning spices

                                       How to Grind Spices

Noted From Oxford & Cambridge Dictionary, Google Image

Powered by Blogger.