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Learn 66 Diseases Name with Necessary Vocabulary [English Word Meaning]




Diseases, name of diseases, diseases name with necessary vocabulary
Disease

Disease / dɪˈziːz / (ডিˈজীজ্‌) n [a disorder of human, animals, plants, etc. caused by infection or a failure of the heart rather than a direct result of physical injury] (অসুখ; ব্যাধি; রোগ): He suffers from a rare<বিরল> blood disease. The first symptom of the disease is a very high temperature. 
  
Ø Disorder / dɪsˈɔːrdər / (ডিছˈআর্ডর্‌) n [(medical) an illness that causes a part of the body to stop functioning correctly] (<দেহ বা মনের> রোগ): The family has a history of mental disorder.


Necessary Vocabulary


injure
Injure
Ø Injure / ˈɪndʒər / (ˈন্‌জ) v [to harm yourself or somebody else physically, especially in an accident] (আহত করা/ হওয়া): He was badly injured in the crash<দুর্ঘটনা>. He injured his knee playing hockey.

     <ADJ> Injured / ˈɪndʒərd / (ˈনজরড্‌) adj [physically hurt; having an injury] (আহত; জখম; আঘাতপ্রাপ্ত): Luckily, he is not injured.

     <NOUN> Injury / ˈɪndʒəri / (ˈনজরি) n [physical harm or damage to someone’s body caused by an accident or an attack] (আহত; আঘাত): Fortunately, the passengers escaped serious injury. Don’t do that, you will do yourself an injury (=hurt yourself).

Ø Suffer / ˈsʌfər / (ˈছাফর্‌) v {Pt. Pp. suffered / ˈsʌfərd / (ˈছাফর্ড্‌)} [to be badly affected by a disease, pain, sadness, a lack of Sth, etc.] (ভোগা; শাস্তি/কষ্ট পাওয়া): This area suffered very badly in the storms.

     Sufferer / ˈsʌfərər / (ˈছাফর্‌) n [a person who suffers, especially Sb who is suffering from a disease] (ভুক্তভোগী; দুঃখভোগী): A new drug may give new hope to thousands of hay-fever<নাক ও গলার রোগ> sufferer.

Ø Symptom / ˈsɪmptəm / (ˈছিম্পটম্‌) n [a change in your body or mind that shows that you are not healthy] (লক্ষণ, রোগলক্ষণ; আলামত): Cigarettes can aggravate<প্রকোপ বৃদ্ধিকরা> the symptoms of a cold.


fever
Fever
Fever / ˈfiːvər / (ˈফীভর্‌) n [a medical condition in which the body temperature is higher than usual and accompanied by shivering, headache, and in delirium, with the heart beats very fast] (জ্বর): Inflammation is frequently accompanied by fever. He was in bed with a fever.


Necessary Vocabulary

Ø Medical / ˈmedɪkl / (ˈমেডিক্‌ল্‌) adj [connected with illness and injury and their treatment] (চিকিৎসাশাস্ত্র সংক্রান্ত; চিকিৎসা): Medical advice

Ø Accompany / əˈkʌmpəni / (ˈকাম্‌পনি) v {Pt. Pp. accompanied / əˈkʌmpənɪd / (কাম্‌পনিড্‌)} [to happen or appear with Sth else] (সঙ্গে থাকা): Each pack contains a book and accompanying CD.

Ø Shiver / ˈʃɪvər / (ˈশিভর্‌) v {Pt. Pp. shivered / ˈʃɪvərd / (ˈশিভএর্ড্‌)} [to shake<নাড়া> slightly because you are cold, frightened, excited, etc.] (<বিশেষত ঠাণ্ডায় বা ভয়ে> থর থর করে কাপা): He shivered with cold in his thin cotton shirt.

Ø Delirious / dɪlɪriəs / (ডিলিরিছ্‌) adj [in an excited state and not able to think or speak clearly, usually because of fever or mental confusion] (প্রলাপকারী; বিকারগ্রস্ত): She had a high temperature and was delirious.

     <NOUN> Delirium / dɪlɪriəm / (ডিলিরিম্‌) n [a state of being unable to think or speak clearly become of fever or mental confusion] (<রোগের প্রকোপে,বিশেষত জ্বরের ঘোরে> মানসিক বিকার; চিত্তবৈকক্য; প্রলাপ): He mumbled<বিরবির করা> in delirium all night.

Ø Beat / biːt / (বীট্‌) v [to make or cause Sth to make, a regular sound or movement] (নিয়মীত ছন্দে নড়াচড়া করা): He’s alive – his heart is still beating. The doctor could feel no pulse beating.

Ø Inflammation / ˌɪnfləˈmeɪʃn / (ˌনফ্লˈমেশ্‌ন্‌) n [a condition in which a part of the body becomes red, sore and swollen because of infection or injury] (<বিশেষত শরীরের কোনো অঙ্গ প্রত্যাঙ্গের> প্রদাহ): I used a cream to reduce the inflammation.


cold
Cold
Cold / koʊld / (কৌল্ড্‌) n 1. [a common infection that affects the nose and throat<গলা>, making cough, sneeze, a slight fever, etc.] (সর্দি): I have got a cold.


Necessary Vocabulary

cold
Cold
2. Cold / koʊld / (কৌল্ড্‌) adj [having a lower than usual temperature; having a temperature lower than the human body] (ঠাণ্ডা; শীতল; নিরুত্তাপ): I am cold. Turn the heating up.

Ø Infection / ɪnˈfekʃn / (ˈফেকশ্‌ন্‌) n [the act or process of causing or getting a disease] (সংক্রমণ; রোগ সংক্রমণ): Bandage the wound to reduce the risk of infection.

      <ADJ> Infectious / ɪnˈfekʃəs / (ন্‌ˈফেকশছ্‌) adj [able to pass a disease from one person, animal or plant to another] (সংক্রামক; সাংক্রামিক): Flu is highly infectious.

sneeze
Sneeze

Ø Sneeze / sniːz / (স্নীজ্‌) v {Pt. Pp. sneezed / sniːzd / (স্নীজড্‌)} [to have air come suddenly and noisily out through your nose and mouth in a way that you cannot control, for example, because you have a cold] (হাঁচি দেওয়া): I’ve been sneezing all morning.






cough
Cough
Cough / kɔːf / (কোফ্‌) n [an illness or infection that makes you cough a lot] (কাশি): He gave a little cough to announce<ঘোষণা করা> has a presence.

<VERB> Cough / kɔːf / (কোফ্‌) v {Pt. Pp. coughed / kɔːft / (কোফ্‌ট্‌)} [to force out air suddenly and noisily through your throat, for example when you have a cold] (কাশা): I coughed all night long. He vomited and began coughing up blood. I couldn’t stop coughing.

Ø Noise / nɔɪz / () n [a sound, especially when it is loud, unpleasant or disturbing] (উচ্চশব্দ; হৈচৈ; শোরগোল): A rattling<খটর খটর> noise

       <ADJ> Noisy / nɔɪzi / (জি) adj [making a lot of noise] (কোলাহল পূর্ণ; হৈচৈপূর্ণ): noisy neighbors/children/traffic
    <ADV> Noisily / nɔɪzɪli / (জিলি) adv [] (শব্দকরে; হৈচৈকরে): The children were playing noisily upstairs<উপরের তলায়>.

Ø Vomit / ˈvɑːmɪt / (ˈভাঃমিট্‌) v {Pt. Pp. vomited / ˈvɑːmɪtɪd / (ˈভাঃমিটিড্‌)} [to empty the contents of the stomach through the mouth] (বমি করা; উদ্‌গীরণ করা): The smell made her want to vomit.

Ø Ill / ɪl / (ল্‌) adj {USA sick} [not feeling well, or suffering from a disease] (অসুস্থ; পীড়িত; অসুস্থতা; অসুখ): He was lying ill in bed. We both started to feel ill shortly after the meal.

     <NOUN> Illness / ˈɪlnəs / (ˈএছ্‌) n [a disease of the body or mind] (রোগ; পীড়া; ব্যাধি; অসুস্থতা; অসুখ): Claire is optimistic<আশাবাদী> she can beat her illness.


headache
Headache
Headache / ˈhedeɪk / (ˈহেডএক্‌) n [a continuous pain in the head] (মাথা-ব্যাথা; মাথা-ধরা): I’ve got a splitting (=severe) a headache. She had left the party early, pleading a headache.

Ø Severe / sɪˈvɪr / (ছিˈভি) adj [extremely bad or serious] (<রোগের প্রকোপ সম্বন্ধে> প্রচণ্ড; তীব্র; প্রবল): His injuries are severe. A severe handicap<প্রতিবন্ধক>


itch
Itch
Itch / ɪtʃ / (ইচ্‌) n [an uncomfortable feeling on your skin that makes you want to scratch yourself] (চুলকানি; কণ্ডূ): This cream will reduce the itching.

<VERB> Itch / ɪtʃ / (ইচ্‌) v [to have an uncomfortable feeling on your skin that makes you want to scratch; to make your skin feel like this] (চুলকানো): Does the rash itch? The heat made me itch over.

Ø Scratch / skrætʃ / (স্ক্র্যাচ্‌) v {Pt. Pp. scratched / skrætʃt / (স্ক্র্যাচট্‌)} [to rub your skin with your nails, usually because it is itching] (চুলকানো; আঁচড়ানো): John yawned<হাইতোলা> and scratched his chin.


sore
Sore
Sore / sɔːr / (ছোর্‌) n [a painful, often red, place on the body where there is a wound or an infected area] (ঘা): The poor dog’s back was covered with sores.  


Necessary Vocabulary

Ø Cold sore {Also. Fever blister} [a small painful spot on the lips or inside the mouth that is caused by a virus] (<বিশেষত>ঠোঁটের বা মুখের ভিতর ঘা):

Ø Infect / ɪnˈfekt / (ˈফেক্‌ট্‌) v {Pt. Pp. infected / ɪnˈfektɪd / (ˈফেক্‌টিড্‌)} [to pass a disease to a person animal, bird or plant] (রোগাক্রান্ত করা; <রোগ> সংক্রমিত করা): People infected with HIV


scabies
Scabies
Scabies / ˈskeɪbiːz / (ˈস্কেবীজ্‌) n [a skin disease that causes itching and small red raised spots] (খোস-পাঁচড়া):

Ø Raised / reɪzd / (রেজ্‌ড্‌) adj [higher than the area around] (<সমতল কিছুর মধ্যে> উচু): a raised platform


abscess
Abscess
Abscess / ˈæbses / (ˈএ্যাবছেছ্‌) n [a painful swollen and infected area on or in the body, full of a thick yellowish pus] (ফোড়া): She had an abscess on her gum<মাড়ি>.
<SYN> Boil


Necessary Vocabulary

Ø Swollen / ˈswoʊlən / (ˈছোয়ৌলন্‌) adj [(of a part of the body) large than normal, especially as a result of a disease or an injury] (ফোলা/স্ফিতি): swollen glands<লালাগ্রন্থি>

pus
Pus


Ø Pus / pʌs / (পাছ্‌) n [a thick yellowish<হলদেটে> liquid that forms in and comes from an infected cut or injury in the body] (পুঁজ): a pus-filled wound 





blister
Blister
Blister / ˈblɪstər / (ˈব্লিছটর্‌) n [a swelling on the surface of the skin that is filled with liquid and is caused, for example, by rubbing or burning] (ফোস্কা): New shoes always give me blister.


Necessary Vocabulary

Ø Swell / swel / (সোয়েল) v {Pt. Pp. swelled / sweld / (সোয়েল্ড্‌)} [to become larger and rounded than usual] (ফোলা বা ফোলানো; ফুলে ওঠা): Bacteria can cause gums to swell and bleed.

Ø Fill / fɪl / (ফিল্‌) v {Pt. Pp. filled / fɪld / (ফিল্ড্‌)} [to make Sth full of Sth; to become full of St] (পূর্ণ করা; পুরণ হওয়া): I filled the bucket<বালতি> with water.

Ø Cause / kɔːz / (কোজ্‌) v {Pt. Pp. caused / kɔːzd / (কোজড্‌)} [to make Sth happen, especially Sth bad or unpleasant] (কোনোকিছুর কারণ হওয়া; ঘটানো): Doctors say her condition is causing some concern<উদ্বেগ>.

Ø Rub / rʌb / (রাব্‌) v {Pt. Pp. rubbed / rʌbd / (রাব্‌ড্‌)} [(of a surface) to move backwards and forwards many times against Sth while pressing it, especially causing pain or damage] (ঘর্ষণ করা; ঘষা): The horse’s neck was rubbed raw<দগদগে> (=until the skin came off) where the rope had been.

Ø Burn / bɜːrn / (বা্‌র্ন্‌) v {Pt. Pp. burnt/burned // (বা্‌র্ন্ট্‌/বা্‌র্ন্ড্‌)} [to be on fire, or to produce flames] (পোড়ানো; পুড়িয়ে ফেলা): The wood<খড়ি> was wet<ভেজা> and would not burn.


pimple
Pimple
Pimple / ˈpɪmple / (ˈপিমপল্‌) n [a small raised red spot on the skin which is temporary] (ফুস্কুড়ি): a pimple on her chin


acne
Acne
Acne / ˈækni / (ˈএ্যাকনি) n [a skin condition, common among young people, in which small red spots appear on the face and neck] (ব্রণ): Acne is the cure of adolescence.

                              Necessary Vocabulary

Ø Condition / kənˈdɪʃn / (ˈডিশ্‌ন্‌) n [the state of Sb’s health or how to fit they are] (অবস্থা; হাল): you are in on condition (=too ill/sick, etc.) to go anywhere.

Ø Spot / spɑːt / (স্পাঃট্‌) n [a small mark or lump on a person’s skin, sometimes with a yellow head to it] (<গায়ের চামড়ার উপর ক্ষুদ্র> দাগ/ফুস্কুড়ি): The baby’s whole body was covered in small red spots.

Ø Appear / əˈpɪr / (ˈপির্‌) v {Pt. Pp. appeared / əˈpɪrd / (ˈপির্ড্‌)} [to start to be seen] (দৃষ্টিগোচর হওয়া; দেখতে পাওয়া): Three days later a rash appeared.

Ø Adolescence / ˌædəˈlesns / (এ্যাডˈলেছনছ্‌) n [the period of time in a person’s life when he or she develops from a child into an adult] (শৈশব ও যৌবনের মধ্যবর্তী কাল; বয়ঃসন্ধি): Adolescence brings about major changes in a young person’s body.


wart
Wart
Wart / wɔːrt / (র্ট্‌) n [a small hard lump that grows on the skin, often on the face and hands, and that is caused by a virus] (আঁচিল):

Ø Lump / lʌmp / (লাম্প্‌) n [a hard swelling found in or on the body, especially because of illness or injury] (ফোলা; পিণ্ড): She found a lump in her breast.

Ø Virus / ˈvaɪrəs / (ˈভাছ্‌) n [a living thing too small to be seen without a microscope that causes infectious disease in people, animals and plants] (সংক্রামক রোগের কারণস্বরুপ, ব্যাক্টিরিয়ার চেয়ে ক্ষুদ্রতর, বিভিন্ন বিষাক্ত উপাদানের যে কোনো একটি; ভাইরাস): a chicken pox/flu/herpes/mumps virus

    <ADJ> Viral / ˈvaɪrəl / (ˈভাল্‌) adj [like or caused by a virus] (ভাইরাস ঘটিত): a viral infection


flu
Flu
Flu / fluː / (ফ্লূ) n {Also. Influenza} [an infectious disease like a very bad cold, which causes fever, pains, and weakness] (ভাইরাস-ঘটিত একধরণের ছোঁয়াচে সর্দিজ্বর; ইনফ্লুয়েন জা): The whole family has the flu. She’s got the flu.


sunstroke
Sunstroke 
Sunstroke / ˈsʌnstroʊk / (ˈছানস্ট্রৌক্‌) n [an illness with fever, weakness, headache, etc. caused by too much direct sun, especially on the head] (সর্দিগর্মি): Someone who is suffering from sunstroke feels dizzy and has a high temperature, but does not sweat.

                         Necessary Vocabulary

dizzy
Dizzy
Ø Dizzy / ˈdɪzi / (ˈডিজি) adj [feeling as if everything is spinning around you and that you are not able to balance and about to fall down] (মাথা ঘোরা; মাথা ঝিমঝিম করা): Climbing so high made me feel dizzy.

Ø Sweat / swet / (ছোয়েট্‌) n [drops of liquid that appear on the surface of your skin when you are hot, ill/sick or afraid] (ঘাম; ঘর্ম): He wiped<মোছা> the sweat from his face with a handkerchief<রুমাল>.

<VERB> Sweat / swet / (ছোয়েট্‌) v {Pt. Pp. sweated / swetɪd / (ছোয়েটিড্‌)} [to pass a salty colorless through the skin because you are hot, ill or frightened] (ঘামা; ঘেমে ওঠা/যাওয়া): The palms<তালু> of his hands began to sweat. He was sweating buckets<বালতি> (=a lot).


nausea
Nausea
Nausea / ˈnɔːziə / (ˈনোজি) n [the feeling that you have when you want to vomit, for example, because you are ill/sick or are disgusted by Sth] (বোমিবোমিভাব; বিবমিষা; বিতৃষ্ণাবোধ; বিরাগবোধ): Signs of the illness include fever, nausea, and vomiting.

Ø Disgust / dɪsˈgʌst / (ডিছˈগাস্ট্‌) n [a strong feeling of dislike or disapproval for Sb/Sth that you feel is unacceptable, or for Sth that looks, smells, etc. unpleasant] (নিদারুণ বিরক্তি; বিরাগ; বিতৃষ্ণা): We can only feel disgusted for these criminals. She wrinkled<কুঁচকানো> her nose in disgust at the smell.

<VERB> Disgust / dɪsˈgʌst / (ডিছˈগাস্ট্‌) n {Pt. Pp. disgusted / dɪsˈgʌstɪd / (ডিছˈগাস্টিড্‌)} [to make you feel extreme dislike or disapproval] (বিরাগ বা তীব্র বিরক্তির উদ্রেক করা): His ill-temper disgusted us.


toothache
Toothache
Toothache / ˈtuːθeɪk / (ˈটূথ্‌এক্‌) n [a pain caused by something being wrong with one of your teeth] (দাঁতের ব্যথা; দন্তশূল): I have got a toothache.

Ø Wrong / rɔːŋ / (রোঙ্‌) adj [causing problems or difficulties; not as it should be] (অসুবিধা; <শরীরের কোনো> সমস্যা): The doctor could find nothing wrong with him. Is anything wrong? You look worried.


constipation
Constipation 
Constipation / ˌkɑːnstɪpeɪʃn / (ˌকাঃনছটিপেশ্‌ন্‌) n [the condition of being unable to get rid of waste material<উপাদান> from the bowels easily (=being constipated)] (কোষ্ঠকাঠিন্য; কষাপায়খানা): to get/have/suffer constipation

                         Necessary Vocabulary

Ø Unable / ʌnˈeɪbl / (আনˈবল্‌) adj {be unable to do Sth} [to not be able<সক্ষম> to do so something] (অক্ষম; অপারগ): He lay<শুয়ে পড়া> there, unable to move.

Ø <IDM> Get rid of Sb/Sth [to make yourself free of Sb/Sth that is annoying you or that do not want] (<কোনোকিছু থেকে>মুক্তি/নিষ্কৃতি পাওয়া; অব্যাহতি পাওয়া): That cream got rid of my skin rashes.

Ø Waste / weɪst / (ওয়েস্ট্‌) n {Also. Waste matter} [material that the body gets rid of as solid or liquid material] (<মানুষ বা পশুপাখির> বর্জ্য/পায়খানা): The farmers use both animal and human waste as fertilizer.

Ø Bowel / ˈbaʊəl / (ˈবাউএল্‌) n [the long tube that carries solid waste from the stomach out of the body] (নাড়িভুঁড়ি; অন্ত্র): He has trouble with his bowels.


piles
Piles
Piles / paɪlz / (পাল্‌জ্‌) n [a medical condition in which the veins at the anus become swollen and painful and something bleeds] (অর্শ; পাইলস):
     <SYN> Haemorrhoids

Ø Vein / veɪn / (বেন্‌) n [any of the tubes that carry blood from all parts of the body towards the heart] (শরীরের সকল অংশ থেকে হৃৎপিণ্ড রক্তবহনকারী নালী; শিরা; রগ): the jugular<ঘাড় ও গলা> vein

<COMPER> Artery / ˈɑːrtəri / (ˈআঃর্টরি) n [any of the thick tubes that carry blood from the heart to other parts of the body] (হৃৎপিণ্ড থেকে শরীরের অন্যান্য অংশে রক্ত বহনকারী নালী; ধমনী): Too much fatty food will make your arteries clog up<সরুহয়ে যাওয়া>.  

Ø Anus / ˈeɪnəs / (ˈছ্‌) n [the opening at the end of the alimentary canal<খাদ্যনালী> through which solid waste leaves the body] (মলদ্বার):

Ø Bleed / bliːd / (ব্লীড্‌) v {Pt. Pp. bled / bled / (ব্লেড্‌)} [to lose blood, especially from a wound or an injury] (রক্তপাত হওয়া): Your arm is bleeding.


tuberculosis
Tuberculosis 
Tuberculosis / tuːˌbɜːrkjəˈloʊsɪs / (টূˌবা্‌র্কিˈলৌছিছ্‌) n {Abbr. TB} [a serious disease which is infectious and can attack many parts of a person’s body, especially their lungs] (যক্ষ্মারোগ):

Ø Attack / əˈtæk / (ˈট্যাক্‌) v {Pt. Pp. attacked / əˈtækt / (ˈট্যাক্ট্‌)} [to have a harmful effect on Sth] (আক্রামণ করা): AIDS attacks the human body’s immune system<রোগপ্রতিরোধ ব্যবস্থা>.

Ø Lung / lʌŋ / (লাঙ্‌) n [either of the two organs in the chest with which people and animals breathe] (ফুসফুস): Coughing clears the lungs of mucus<শ্লেষ্মা>.


epilepsy
Epilepsy
Epilepsy / ˈepɪlepsi / (ˈএপিলেপছি) n [a disorder of the nervous system that causes a person to become unconscious suddenly for short times, often with violent movements of the body] (মৃগী রোগ; স্নায়ু রোগ বিশেষ-যে রোগে কোনো ব্যক্তি অচেতন হয়ে পড়ে): She con not drive because she suffers from/has epilepsy.

<NOUN> Epileptic / ˌepɪˈleptɪk / (ˌএপিˈলেপটিক্‌) n [someone who has epilepsy] (মৃগী রোগী): Is she an epileptic?

                         Necessary Vocabulary

Ø System / ˈsɪstəm / (ˈছিছটম্‌) n [a human or an animal body, or a part of it, when it is being thought of as the organs and processes that make it function] (ব্যবস্থা; <স্নায়ু>তন্ত্র; পদ্ধতি): the nervous system

Ø Unconscious / ʌnˈkɑːnʃəs / (আনˈকাঃনশছ্‌) adj [in the state of not being awake<জাগা>, especially as the result of a head injury] (অবচেতন; অজ্ঞান; বেহুশ; সংজ্ঞাহীন): He was hit on the head by a stone and knocked unconscious.

Ø Violent / ˈvaɪələnt / (ˈভাইএন্‌ট্‌) adj [showing or caused by very strong emotion] (হিংস্র, মারমুখি): Her husband was a violent man.


gout
Gout
Gout / gaʊt / (গাট্‌) n [a disease that causes painful swelling in the joints (=places where two bones are connected), especially of toes, knees, fingers, and hands] (গাঁটেবাত):

Ø Joint / dʒɔɪnt / (ন্ট্‌) n [a place where two bones are joined together in the body] (<শরীরের> দুটি হাড়ের মিলন স্থল; গিট্‌): inflammation of the knee joint


depression
Depression
Depression / dɪˈpreʃn / (ডিˈপ্রেশ্‌ন্‌) n 1. [a mental illness in which a person is very unhappy and anxious (= worried and nervous) for long periods and con not have a normal life during periods and being unable to sleep, etc.] (বিষাদ; খেদ; বিষাদগ্রস্ততা; বিষণ্ণতা): Bereavement can often lead to depression. He may have killed himself in depression.

                         Necessary Vocabulary

depression weather
Depression
2. Depression / dɪˈpreʃn / (ডিˈপ্রেশ্‌ন্‌) n [a weather condition in which the pressure of the air becomes lower, often causing rain] (নিম্নচাপ): The deep depression over the mid-Atlantic will gradually move eastwards during the day.

<VERB> Depress / dɪˈpres / (ডিপ্রেছ্‌) v {Pt. Pp. depressed / dɪˈprest / (ডিপ্রেস্ট্‌)} [to make Sb sad and without enthusiasm or hope for the future] (বিষাদগ্রস্ত করা; মন খারাপ করা): This weather depresses me.

Ø Anxious / ˈæŋkʃəs / (ˈএ্যাঙক্‌শছ্‌) adj {~ (about/for)} [feeling worried or nervous] (উদ্বিগ্ন; চিন্তিত): I saw my sister’s anxious face at the window.

Ø Nervous / ˈnɜːrvəs / (ˈনা্‌র্ভছ্‌) adj [anxious about Sth or afraid of Sth] (বিচলিত; অল্পতেই উত্তেজিত): He has always been nervous around dogs.

Ø Bereavement / bɪˈriːvmənt / (বিˈরীভমন্ট্‌) n [the state of having lost a relative or close friend because they have died] (মৃত্যু বা তজ্জনিত শোক; শোকসন্তপ্ত): bereavement counseling  

      <ADJ> Bereaved / bɪˈriːvd / (বিˈরীভড্‌) adj [having lost a relation or close friend who has recently died] (<মৃত্যু জনিত কারণে>শোকাগ্রস্থ): The bereaved parents wept openly.

Ø Eastwards / ˈiːstwərdz / (ˈঈস্টওর্ডজ্‌) adv [towards the east] (পূর্বাভিমুখে): The storm is moving slowly eastwards.


schizophrenia
Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia / ˌskɪtsəˈfriːniə / (ˌস্কিটছˈফ্রীনি) n [a serious mental illness in which someone becomes unable to link thought, emotion and behavior, leading to withdrawal from reality and personal relationships] (ভগ্নমনস্কতা; মানসিকরোগ বিশেষ<পাগল>): paranoid schizophrenia

Ø Link / lɪŋk / (লিঙ্‌ক্‌) v {Pt. Pp. linked / lɪŋkt / (লিঙ্‌ক্ট্‌)} [to make a connection between two or more people, things or ideas] (<মানুষ বা দুটি জিনিসের মধ্যে> সম্পর্ক স্থাপন করা): Newspapers have linked his name with the singer.

Ø Withdrawal / wɪðˈdrɔːəl / (ˈড্রোল্‌) n [the behavior of Sb who wants to be alone and does not want to communicate with other people] (<ব্যক্তি বা তার হাবভাব সম্বন্ধে>অমিশুক/একাকী থাকতে ভালবাসে এমন): She is showing signs of withdrawal and depression. 

Ø Paranoid / ˈpærənɔɪd / (ˈপ্যারএনোড্‌) adj [suffering from a mental illness in which you believe that other people are trying to harm you] (ভ্রমগ্রস্ত <ব্যাক্তি>): He was diagnosed as a paranoid schizophrenic. 


psycho
Psycho
Psycho / ˈsaɪkoʊ / (ˈছাকৌ) n [a person who is mentally ill and who behaves in a very strange<অদ্ভুত> violent way] (মানসিক রোগী; পাগল): In his new film, he plays the part of a crazed psycho.

                        Necessary Vocabulary

Ø Behave / bɪˈheɪv / (বিˈহেভ্‌) v {Pt. Pp. behaved // (বিহেভ্‌ড্‌)} [to do things in a way that people think is correct or polite] (আচরণ করা): She doesn’t know how to behave in public.

Ø Crazed / kreɪzd / (ক্রেজড্‌) adj [full of strong feelings and lacking control] (খ্যাপা; আধ-পাগল): He becomes crazed with anger/jealousy/pain.


measles
Measles
Measles / ˈmiːzlz / (ˈমীজলজ্‌) n [an infectious disease, especially of children, that causes fever and small red spots that cover the whole body] (হাম): All our children have had the measles.


asthma
Asthma
Asthma / ˈæzmə / (ˈএ্যাজ্‌ম) n [a medical condition of the chest that makes breathing difficult by causing the air passages to become narrow or blocked] (হাঁপানি; শ্বাসরোগ): a severe asthma attack

<NOUN> Asthmatic / ˈæzmætɪk / (ˈএ্যাজ্‌ম্যাটিক্‌) n [a person who suffers from asthma] (হাঁপানি রোগী): She has been an asthmatic since her childhood.


chickenpox
Chickenpox
Chickenpox / ˈtʃɪkɪnpɑːks / (ˈচিকিনপাঃক্‌ছ্‌) n [an infectious disease, especially of children, that causes a slight fever and many spots on the skin] (জলবসন্ত; পানিবসন্ত): Chickenpox is common among children.


smallpox
Smallpox
Smallpox / ˈsmɔːlpɑːks / (ˈস্মোলপাঃক্স) n [a serious infectious disease that causes fever, leaves permanent marks on the skin and often causes death] (গুটিবসন্ত):

Ø Leave / liːv / (লীভ্‌) v {Pt. Pp. left // (লেফট্‌)} [if something leaves something else, a part or effect of it stays after it has gone or been used] (<কোনোকিছুর> চিহ্ন রেখে যাওয়া): His shoes left muddy marks on the floor.


diabetes
Diabetes
Diabetes / ˌdaɪəˈbiːtiːz / (ˌডাইএˈবীটীজ্‌) n [a metabolic disease in which the body’s inability to produce any or enough insulin causes elevated levels of glucose in the blood, which makes the patient produce a lot of urine and feel very thirsty] (বহুমুত্ররোগ; ডায়াবেটিস; মধুমেহ): There are several types of diabetes.

                         Necessary Vocabulary

Ø Metabolism / məˈtæbəlɪzəm / (ˈট্যাবলিজম্‌) n [the chemical processes in the human body that change food, etc. into energy and materials for growth] (বিপাক; জীবদেহের রাসায়নিক রূপান্তর): Exercise is supposed<স্বীকৃত> to speed up your metabolism.
      <NOUN> Metabolic / ˌmetəˈbɑːlɪk / (ˌমেটˈবাঃলিক্‌) n [] (বিপাকীয়): a metabolic process/disorder

Ø Inability / ˌɪnəˈbɪləti / (ˌন্‌ˈবিলটি) n [lack of ability<সামর্থ্য> to do something] (অক্ষমতা; অসামর্থ্য): He has to overcome<পরাভূত করা> his inability to assert<দাবি করা> himself.

Ø Elevate / ˈelɪveɪt / (ˈএলিভেট্‌) v {Pt. Pp. elevated / ˈelɪveɪtɪd / (ˈএলিভেটিড্‌)} [to raise something or lift something up] (উন্নতি করা; উপরে তোলা):
     <SYN> Raise; Promote


jaundice
Jaundice
Jaundice / ˈdʒɔːndɪs / (ˈজোনডিছ্‌) n [a medical condition in which substances not usually in the blood cause your skin and the white part of your eyes to turn yellow] (পাণ্ডুরোগ; ন্যাবা):

Ø Substance / ˈsʌbstəns / (ˈছাবছ্‌টন্‌ছ্‌) n [a type of solid, liquid or gas that has particular qualities] (বস্তু; পদার্থ): an organic/chemical substance  


elephantiasis
Elephantiasis
Elephantiasis / ˌelɪfənˈtaɪəsɪs / (ˌএলিফন্‌ˈটাইএছিছ্‌) n [a condition in which part of the body swells and becomes very large because the lymphatic system is blocked] (গোদ; পা ফোলা রোগ):

Ø Lymph / lɪmf / (লিম্ফ্‌) n [a clear liquid containing white blood cells that help to clean the tissues of the body and helps to prevent infections from spreading] (রংহীন জীবদেহের রক্তের মতো রস; লসিকা):
       <ADJ> Lymphatic / lɪmˈfætɪk / (লিমˈফ্যাটিক্‌) adj [] (লসিকাসংক্তান্ত):


pneumonia
Pneumonia
Pneumonia / nuːˈmoʊniə / (নূˈমৌনি) n [a serious illness in which one or both lungs become red and swollen and filled with liquid, which makes breathing difficult] (ফুসফুস প্রদাহ; নিউমোনিয়া): She died from bronchial pneumonia. People who are bedridden can easily get pneumonia.

                       Necessary Vocabulary

Ø Bronchial / ˈbrɑːŋkiəl / (ˈব্রাঃঙ্‌কিল্‌) adj [of or being the pipes that carry air from the windpipe (=tube in the throat) to the lungs] (শ্বাসনালী সংক্রান্ত): He had bronchial pneumonia as a child. Bronchial asthma 

Ø Bedridden / ˈbedrɪdn / (ˈবেড্‌রিডন্‌) adj [having to stay in bed all the time because you are sick, injured or old] (শ্বয্যাশায়ী; বার্ধক্যশয্যাগত): His aunt was 92 and bedridden.


bronchitis
Bronchitis
Bronchitis / brɑːŋˈkaɪtɪs / (ব্রাঃঙ্‌ˈকাটিছ্‌) n [an illness in which the bronchial tubes become infected and swollen, resulting in coughing difficulty in breathing] (শ্বাসনালীর প্রদাহ<জনিতরোগ>; ব্রঙ্কাইটিস): He was suffering from chronic bronchitis.


prickly heat
Prickly heat
Prickly heat / ˈprɪkli hiːt / (ˈপ্রিকলি হীট্‌) n {Also. heat rash} [a skin condition, common in hot countries, that causes small red spots that itch] (ঘামাচি):

                              Necessary Vocabulary

prickle
Prickle
Ø Prickle / ˈprɪkl / (ˈপ্রিক্ল্‌) n [a small sharp on the stem or leaf of a plant or on the skin of some animals] (কাঁটা; কণ্টক): The fruit can be eaten once the prickles have been removed.

     <VERB> Prickle {~ Sth} [to give Sb an unpleasant feeling on their skin, as if a lot of small sharp points are pushing into it] (<চোখা কিছু দিয়ে>খোঁচা লাগা; খচখচ করা): The rough clothes prickled my skin.

   <ADJ> Prickly / ˈprɪkli / (ˈপ্রিকলি) adj [covered with prickles] (কণ্টকিত; কন্টকী): I find this sweater a bit prickly.


sinusitis disease
Sinusitis 
Sinusitis / ˌsaɪnəˈsaɪtɪs / (ˌছাˈছাটিছ্‌) n [the painful inflammation of a nasal sinus] (সাইনাছের প্রদাহ):

Ø Nasal / ˈneɪzl / (ˈনেজল্‌) adj [connected with the nose] (নাকসম্বন্ধিয়; নাসিকা): a nasal spray

Ø Sinus / ˈsaɪnəs / (ˈছাছ্‌) n [any of the hollow<ফাঁপা> spaces in the bones of the head that are connected to the inside of the nose] (হাড়ের গর্ত, বিশেষত করোটিস্থ হাড়ের যে বায়ু-পূর্ণ গর্তগুলি নাসারন্ধের সঙ্গে সংযোগ রক্ষা করে তাদের যে কোনোটি; সাইনাস):


meningitis disease
Meningitis
Meningitis / ˌmenɪnˈdʒaɪtɪs / (ˌমেনিনˈজাটিছ্‌) n [a serious disease in which the tissues surrounding the brain and spinal cord become infected and swollen, causing severe headache, fever and sometimes death] (<মস্তিষ্ক> ঝিল্লীর প্রদাহ):

                        Necessary Vocabulary

Ø Tissue / ˈtɪʃuː / (ˈটিশূ) n [a collection of cells the form the different parts of humans, animal, and plants] (<জীবশরীরের> কোষ সমষ্টি; কলা): brain/lung tissue

Ø Spine / spaɪn / (স্পান্‌) n [the line of bones down the centre of the back that provides support for the body and protects the spinal cord] (মেরুদণ্ড): She injured her spine in a riding accident.
        <ADJ> Spinal / ˈspaɪnl / (ˈস্পান্‌ল্‌) adj [connected with the spine (=the long bone in the back)] (মেরুদণ্ড সংক্রান্ত): a spinal injury


Alzheimer's disease
Alzheimer’s
Alzheimer’s / ˈæltshaɪmərz / (ˈঅ্যালশার্জ্‌) n {Also. Alzheimer’s disease} [a disease of the brain that affects especially old people, which results in the gradual loss of memory, speech, movement<চলাচল> and the ability to think clearly] (আলঝেইমার’স <ডিজিজ>; ভুলেযাওয়া রোগ): an Alzheimer’s patient 

Ø Gradual / ˈgrædʒuəl / (ˈগ্র্যাজুল্‌) adj [happing or changing slowly over a long period of time; not sudden] (ক্রমেক্রমে উন্নিতি/অবনতি হচ্ছে এমন; ক্রমিক): Recovery from the disease is very gradual.


Parkinson’s disease
Parkinson’s disease
Parkinson’s disease / ˈpɑːrkɪnsnz dɪziːz / (ˈপাঃর্কিনছনজ্‌ ডিজীজ্‌) n [a disease of the nervous system that gets worse over a period of time and causes the muscles<মাংসপেশি> to become weak and the arms and legs to shake] (বৃদ্ধদের স্থায়ী রোগ যাতে পেশি কাঁপতে থাকে ও শক্ত হয়ে ওঠে এবং দুর্বলতা দেখা দেয়; হাত, পা কাঁপা রোগ):

                         Necessary Vocabulary

Ø Worse / wɜːrs / (য়ারছ্‌) adj [more ill/sick or unhappy than before] (<আগের চেয়ে>অধিকতর মন্দ): If he gets any worse we’ll call the doctor.

Ø Shake / ʃeɪk / (শেক্‌) v {Pt. shook / ʃʊk / (শূক্‌); Pp. shaken / ʃeɪkən / (শেন্‌)} [to move backward and forwards or up and down in quick, short movement or to make something or someone do this] (ঝাঁকানো; নাড়া/ঝাঁকুনী দেওয়া): Shake the bottle well before use.


malaria disease
Malaria
Malaria / məˈleriə / (ˈলেরি) n [a disease that causes fever and shivering (=shading of the body) caused by the bite of some types of mosquito (=a small flying insect)] (ম্যালেরিয়া):

Ø Shiver / ˈʃɪvər / (ˈশিভর্‌) v {Pt. Pp. shivered / ˈʃɪvərd / (ˈশিভর্ড্‌)} [to shake slightly because you are cold, frightened, excited, etc.] (<বিশেষত ঠাণ্ডায় বা ভয়ে> থর থর করে কাঁপা):


dengue
Dengue
Dengue / ˈdeŋgi / (ˈডেঙ্‌গি) n {Also. Dengue fever} [a disease caused by a virus carried by mosquitoes, which is found a tropical area and causes fever and severe pain in the joints] (ডেঙ্গুজ্বর)

Ø Tropic / ˈtrɑːpɪk / (ˈট্রাঃপিক্‌) n [one of the two imaginary<কাল্পনিক> lines around the Earth at approximately<প্রায়> 23.5 degrees north and 23.5 degrees south of the equator] (বিষুবরেখার ২৩.৫ উত্তর ও দক্ষিনের অক্ষাংশ; ক্রান্তিরেখা; গ্রীষ্মমণ্ডল):

     <ADJ> Tropical / ˈtrɑːpɪkl / (ˈট্রাঃপিক্‌ল্‌) adj [from relating to the area between the two tropics] (গ্রীষ্মমণ্ডলীয়): The Amazon basin<অববাহিকা> contains the world’s largest tropical rainforest. Tropical fish/fruits  


cholera
Cholera
Cholera / ˈkɑːlərə / (ˈকাঃল) n [a serious infection of the bowels caused by drinking infected water or eating infected food, causing diarrhea, vomiting and often causes death] (ওলা ওঠা; কলেরা): A cholera epidemic swept the country.

                          Necessary Vocabulary

Ø Epidemic / ˌepɪˈdemɪk / (ˌএপিˈডেমিক্‌) n [a large number of causes of a particular disease happening at the same time in a large number of people] (<রোগের ক্ষেত্রে> মাহামারী): Over fifty people died during the flu epidemic last winter. The outbreak<প্রাদুর্ভাব> of a flu epidemic

Ø Sweep / swiːp / (ছুয়ীপ্‌) v {Pt. Pp. swept / swept / (ছোয়েপ্ট্‌)} [to move, especially quickly and powerfully] (<দ্রুত>সঞ্চালিত হওয়া বা ছড়িয়ে পরা): The fire swept (=spread quickly) through the house.


diarrhoea
Diarrhoea
Diarrhoea / ˌdaɪəˈriːə / (ডাইএˈরী) n {USA Diarrhea} [an illness in which waste matter is emptied from the bowels much more frequently<বারংবার> than normal, and in liquid form] (উদারাময়; ঘন ঘন পাতলা পায়খানা): an attack of diarrhoea

Ø Empty / ˈempti / (ˈএম্পটি) v {Pt. Pp. emptied // (এম্পটিড্‌)} [to remove everything from inside something] (খালি করা): She emptied the water out of the vase<ফুলদানী>.


dysentery
Dysentery
Dysentery / ˈdɪsənteri / (ˈডিছনটেরি) n [an infection of the bowels that causes severe diarrhoea with a loss of blood] (আমাশয়):


ringworm
Ringworm
Ringworm / ˈrɪŋwɜːrm / (ˈরিংওরম্‌) n [an infectious skin disease that produces small round red areas and affecting chiefly<প্রধানত> the scalp] (দাদ):

                              Necessary Vocabulary

Ø Produce / prəˈduːs / (প্রˈডূছ্‌) v [to grow or make Sth as part of a natural process] (সৃষ্টি করা; জন্ম দেওয়া): Our cat produced kittens<বিড়ালছানা> last week. 

scalp
Scalp


Ø Scalp / skælp / (স্ক্যাল্‌প্‌) n [the skin that covers the part of the head where the hair grows] (<মাথার>ছাল; মাথার ত্বক): A dry scalp can lead to dandruff<খুশ্‌কি>.






hysteria disease
Hysteria
Hysteria / hɪˈstɪriə / (হিˈছট্রি) n [a condition in which Sb experiences violent or extreme emotions that they cannot control, especially as a result of shock] (মূর্ছারোগ; স্নায়ুবৈকল্য):

Ø Experience / ɪkˈspɪriəns / (ˈছপিরিন্‌ছ্‌) v [to have and be aware of a particular emotion or physical feeling] (<কোনোকিছু>অনুভব করা): to experience pain/unhappiness

Ø Shock / ʃɑːk / (শাঃক্‌) n [(the emotional or physical reaction to) a sudden, unexpected and usually unpleasant event or experience] (প্রচণ্ড আঘাত/ধাক্কা): Her mother’s death came as a great shock – it was so unexpected.


indigestion
Indigestion
Indigestion / ˌɪndɪˈdʒestʃən / (ˌনডিˈজেছচন্‌) n [pain caused in the region of the stomach by stomach not correctly breaking down food so that it can be used by the body] (আজীর্ণ; অপরিপাক; অগ্নিমান্দ): Do you suffer from indigestion after you have eaten.

                             Necessary Vocabulary

Ø Region / ˈriːdʒən / (ˈরীজন্‌) n [a part of the body usually one that has a particular character or problem] (<শরীরের যে কোনো>স্থান/অংশ): He said he had sharp pains in the stomach region/the region of the stomach pains in the abdominal regions.

Ø Stomach / ˈstʌmək / (ˈস্টামক্‌) n [the organ inside the body where food goes when you swallow<গেলা> it; or the front part of the body below the chest] (পাকস্থলী; উদর): he was punched<ঘুসি মারা> in the stomach.

Ø Breakdown / ˈbreɪkdaʊn / (ˈব্রেকডান্‌) n [to make a substance separate into parts or change into a different form in a chemical process] (কোনো যৌগিক পদার্থের উপাদান বিছিন্ন করা বা ভাঙ্গা): Chemicals in our body breakdown the food we eat.


colic
Colic
Colic / ˈkɑːlɪk / (ˈকাঃলিক্‌) n [a severe but not continuous pain in the bottom<নিম্নদেশ> part of the stomach or bowels, suffered especially by babies] (<শিশুদের>পেটের শূল বেদনা):


polio disease
Polio
Polio / poʊlioʊ / (পৌলিও) n {Also. Poliomyelitis} [an infectious disease that affects the central nervous system and can cause temporary or permanent paralysis (=loss of control or feeling in part or most of the body)] (পৌলিও):


diphtheria
Diphtheria 
Diphtheria / dɪfθɪriə / (ডিফ্‌থিরি) n [a serious infectious disease that causes fever and difficulty in breathing and swallowing] (কন্ঠনালীর সংক্রামক রোগবিশেষ; ডিপথেরিয়া):


tetanus disease
Tetanus
Tetanus / ˈtetənəs / (ˈটেটছ্‌) n [a serious disease caused by bacteria entering the human body through small cuts or wounds, causing the muscles, especially around the mouth, to become tight and stop working] (ধনুষ্টংকার রোগ):

                       Necessary Vocabulary

Ø Bacteria / bækˈtɪriə / (ব্যাকˈটিরি) n [a type of very small organism that lives in air, earth, water, plants and animals often one which causes a disease] (ব্যাকটিরিয়া<প্রাণীর জীবন ধারণের জন্য অপরিহার্য এবং কখনো কখনো রোগের কারণস্বরূপ>): Nether chilling<কনকনে ঠাণ্ডা> nor freezing<বরফ ঠাণ্ডা> kills all bacteria.

Ø Enter / ˈentər / (ˈএনটর্‌) v {Pt. Pp. entered // (এনটর্ড্‌)} [to come or go into a particular place] (ঢুকা; প্রবেশ করা): Where did the bullet enter<ঢুকেছে> the body.

Ø Tight / taɪt / (টাট্‌) adj [feeling painful or uncomfortable because of illness or emotion] (<অসুস্থতার কারণে>শক্ত/কষা অনুভোব): He complained of having a tight chest.


mumps disease
Mumps
Mumps / mʌmps / (মাম্পছ্‌) n [an infectious disease, especially of children, that causes painful swellings in the neck and slight fever] (গলায় বেদনাদায়ক স্ফীতিযুক্ত ছোঁয়াচে রোগবিশেষ; পনসিকা; মাম্পছ):


tumour
Tumour 
Tumour / ˈtuːmər / (ˈটির্‌) n {USA tumor} [a mass of cells which might become a lump, growing in or on a part of the body where they should not usually cause medical problems] (আব; অর্বুদ; শরীরে কোনো অংশের ব্যাধিত বৃদ্ধি; টিউমার): They found a malignant tumour in her breast.

                        Necessary Vocabulary

Ø Mass / mæs / (ম্যাছ্‌) n [a large amount of a substance that does not have a definite shape or form] (বস্তুপিণ্ড; স্তূপ): The sky was full of darkness of clouds.

Ø Cell / ʃel / (শেল্‌) n [the smallest unit of living matter that can exist on its own. All plants and animals are made up of cells] (<প্রাণী দেহের> জীবকোষ): Blood cells

Ø Malignant / məˈlɪgnənt / (ˈলিগনন্ট্‌) adj [describes a disease or a growth that is likely to get uncontrollably<অনিয়ন্ত্রিতভাবে> worse and lead to death] (<রোগসম্পর্কে>অতিপ্রবল; মারাত্নক): Is the tumour malignant or benign<বিপজ্জনক নয় এমন>?


cancer
Cancer
Cancer / ˈkænsər / (ˈক্যানছর্‌) n [a serious disease that is caused when cells in the body grow in a way that is uncontrolled and not normal, killing normal cells and often causing death] (ক্যানসার; কর্কটরোগ): Smokers face an increased<বর্ধিত> risk of developing lung cancer. Breast/bowel/liver cancer


ulcer disease
Ulcer
Ulcer / ˈʌlsər / (ˈআলছর্‌) n [a sore area on the outside of the body or on the surface of an organ inside the body which is painful and may bleed or produce a poisonous substance, which does not heal naturally] (<শরীরের ভিতরে বা বাইরে> পুঁজস্রাবী ক্ষত; আলসার): There is a family history of gastric ulcer disease.

Ø Organ / ˈɔːrgən / (ˈওর্গন্‌) n [a part of the body of the animals that has a particular purpose, such as the heart or the brain; or part of a plant with a particular purpose] (<প্রাণী বা উদ্ভিদ দেহের> যে কোনো অঙ্গ; দেহযন্ত্র): the sense organs (=the eyes, ears, nose, etc.)


spasm disease
Spasm
Spasm / ˈspæzəm / (ˈস্প্যাজম্‌) n [a sudden and often painful contracting of a muscle, which you cannot control] (মাংসপেশির আক্ষেপ বা খিঁচুনি): Asthmatic<হাঁপানি রোগী> person often has spasms. A muscle spasm

Ø Contract / kənˈtrækt / (ˈট্র্যাক্ট্‌) v [to become less or smaller; to make Sth become less or smaller] (সংঙ্কুচিত করা/হওয়া; ছোট বা খাটো করা/হওয়া): The heart muscles contract to expel the blood.


allergy
Allergy
Allergy / ˈælərdʒi / (ˈএ্যালরজি) n [a medical condition that makes a person become ill or develop skin or breathing problems because they have eaten certain<নির্দিষ্ট> foods or been near certain substances] (এলার্জি; বিরাগ): I have an allergy to animal hair.  


rash
Rash
Rash / ræʃ / (র‍্যাশ্‌) n [an area of red spots on a person’s skin, caused by an illness or a reaction to Sth] (<চামড়ায় ছোট ছোট লাল> ফুসকুড়ি; রক্তস্ফোট; বরটী): If you stay in the sun too long you’ll get a heat rash.

Ø Area / ˈeriə / (ˈএরি) n [a particular place on an object] (<প্রাণীদেহের>জায়গা): The tumour had not spread to other areas of the body.


bruise
Bruise
Bruise / bruːz / (ব্রূজ্‌) n [an injury or mark where the skin has not been broken but is darker<কালচে> in color, often as a result of being hit by something] (কালশিরে; শরীর বা গায়ে আঘাতের দরুণ সৃষ্ট দাগ): She had a few cuts and bruise but nothing serious.

                            Necessary Vocabulary

Ø Break / breɪk / (ব্রেক্‌) v {Pt. Pp. broke / broʊk / (ব্রৌক্‌); Pp. broken / broʊkən / (ব্রৌকন্‌)} [to cut the surface of the skin and make it bleed] (<শরীর>কাটছেড়া হওয়া/ করা; বিদীর্ণ হওয়া): The dog bit me but didn’t break the skin.


abrasion
Abrasion
Abrasion / əˈbeɪʒn / (ˈব্রেজ্‌ন্‌) n [a damaged<ক্ষতিগ্রস্ত> area of the skin where it has been rubbed against Sth hard and rough] (ঘষটানি; ঘোষে-তোলা): He suffered cuts and abrasion to the knee.


scratch
Scratch
Scratch / skrætʃ / (স্ক্র্যাচ্‌) n [a make, a cut or an injury made by scratching Sb’s skin surface of Sth] (আঁচর বা আঁচরের দাগ): He escaped without a scratch (=was not hurt at all).


wound
Wound
Wound / wuːnd / (য়ূন্‌ড্‌) n [a damaged area of the body such as a cut or hole in the skin or flesh made by a weapon] (<বিশেষত আক্রান্ত হওয়ার ফলে শরীরের কোনো কেটে বা ছড়ে যাবার>ক্ষত বা আঘাত): The wound healed slowly. The nurse cleaned the wound.

                          Necessary Vocabulary

Ø Weapon / ˈwepən / (ˈওয়েপন্‌) n [an object such as a knife, gun, bomb, etc. that is used for fighting or attacking Sb] (অস্ত্র): a lethal<মারাত্মক>/deadly<প্রাণঘাতী> weapon

Ø Heal / hiːl / (হীল্‌) v {Pt. Pp. healed / hiːld / (হীলড্‌)} [to make or become well again, especially after a cut or other injury] (<বিশেষত ক্ষত সম্বন্ধে>নিরাময় হওয়া/করা): It took a long time for the wounds to heal.


hurt
Hurt
Hurt / hɜːrt / (হার্ট্‌) v {Pt. Pp. hurt} [to cause physical pain to Sb/yourself; to injure Sb/yourself] (আঘাত/চোট পাওয়া বা লাগা; আঘাত দেওয়া; <ব্যথা> লাগা): Don’t jump, you may hurt yourself. I hurt my left leg as I felt over. Tell me where it hurts. My head hurts.


scar
Scar
Scar / skɑːr / (স্কাঃর্‌) n [a mark that is left on the skin after a wound has healed] (ক্ষতচিহ্ন; কাটা দাগ): That burn will leave a nasty<বিশ্রী> scar. A scar on his cheek.


dandruff
Dandruff 
Dandruff / ˈdændrʌf / (ড্যানড্রাফ্‌) n [small white pieces of dead skin from the head which collect in the hair or fall on the clothes] (খুশকি; শিরোমল): a dandruff shampoo

Ø Collect / kəˈlekt / (লেক্ট্‌) v [to gradually increase in amount in a place; to gradually obtain more and more of Sth in a place] (<কোনোকিছু আস্তে আস্তে একত্রে>জমা হওয়া): Dirt had collected in the corners of the room.
     <SYN> Accumulate   


chronic
Chronic
Chronic / ˈkrɑːnɪk / (ˈক্রাঃনিক্‌) n [(especially of a disease or something bad) having had a disease for a long time] (<রোগ বা অবস্থা সম্বন্ধে>অবিরাম; দীর্ঘস্থায়ী; দুরারোগ্য): chronic bronchitis/arteries/asthma  


bubonic plague disease
Bubonic plague
Bubonic plague / bjuːˌbɑːnɪk ˈpleɪg / (বিউ্যˌবাঃনিক্‌ ˈপ্লেগ্‌) n {Also. The plague} [a very infectious disease spread by rats, causing swelling, fever and usually death. In the 14th century it killed half the people living in Europe] (প্লেগ):


leprosy disease
Leprosy
Leprosy / ˈleprəsi / (ˈলেপ্‌রছি) n [an infectious disease that causes painful<যন্ত্রাদায়ক> white areas on the skin and can destroy nerves and flesh] (কুষ্ঠরোগ): Leprosy is one of the few tropical diseases which could be eradicated<সমূলে উৎপাটন করা> early in the 21st century.

                             Necessary Vocabulary

Ø Leper / ˈlepər / (ˈলেপর্‌) n [a person who has leprosy] (কুষ্ঠরোগী):

Ø Destroy / dɪˈstrɔɪ / (ডিˈছট্র) v {Pt. Pp. destroyed / dɪˈstrɔɪd / (ডিˈছট্রড্‌)} [to damage something so badly that it does not exist or cannot be used] (নষ্ট করা): Heat gradually destroys vitamin C.

Ø Nerve / nɜːrv / (না্‌র্ভ্‌) n [any of the long threads<তন্তু> that carry messages between the brain and parts of the body, enabling you to move, feel pain, etc.] (মস্তিষ্ক এবং শরীরের অন্য সকল অংশের মধ্যে অনুভূতি ও উদ্দীপনা পরিবাহী তন্তু বা তন্তুসমষ্টি; স্নায়ু): every nerve in her body was tense<উত্তেজনা>. A spinal nerve

Ø Flesh / fleʃ / (ফ্লেশ্‌) n [the soft substance<বস্তু> between the skin and bones of animal or human bodies or the soft inside part of a fruit or vegetable] (<প্রাণী দেহের কাঁচা> মাংস এবং ফল ও সবজির মাংসল অংশ/শাঁস): The thorn<কাঁটা> went deep into the flesh of my hand. The flesh of the fruit is white.





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