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Pulses/Dhal Name with Relevant Necessary Vocabulary Note & Image




pulses
Pulses
Pulses / pʌlsɪz / (পাল্‌ছিজ্‌) n [pulses, sometimes called a “grain legume”, is an annual crop, yielding from one to twelve seeds of variable size, shape, and color within a pod. Pulses are used as food for humans and other animals. The term “pulses”, as used by the United Nations’ Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO), is reserved for grain crops harvested solely for the dry seed. Pulses provide protein, complex carbohydrates, dietary fiber, vitamins and dietary minerals] (<গোটা>ডাল; কলাই; ডালজাতীয় যে কোনো শস্য): Pulses include peas, lentils, and chickpeas



Necessary Vocabulary Notes


Ø Grain / greɪn / (গ্রে) n [the small hard seeds of food plants, especially a plant like a grass such as wheat, rice; single seed of such a plant] (শস্যকণা; দানা): a few grains of rice

Ø Legume / ˈlegjuːm / (ˈলেগিম্‌) n [a legume is any plant, that has seeds in long pods, or the fruit or seed of such a plant. Peas, beans, lentils, soybeans etc. are legumes] (শিম বা মটর জাতিয় বীজ এর গাছ):

Ø Yield / jiːld / (ঈল্‌ড্‌) v {Pt. Pp. yielded / jiːldɪd / (ঈল্ডিড্‌)} [to produce or provide Sth, for example, a profit, result or crop] (উৎপাদন করা বা উৎপন্ন হওয়া): Favorable weather yielded a good crop. 

pod, seed pod
Pod
Ø Pod / pɑːd / (পাঃড্‌) n [a long, narrow, flat case of some plant, such as beans and peas, which contains the seeds and usually has a thick skin] (<মটর, শিম ইত্যাদির লম্বা> বীজাধার বা খোসা): a pea pod

Ø Term / tɜːrm / (টা্‌র্ম) n [a word or expression used as the name of something, especially one connected with a particular type of language] (কোনো ধারণা ব্যক্ত করার জন্য ব্যবহৃত শব্দ বা পদ): Old man is a slang term for ‘father’. A technical/scientific, etc. term

Ø Reserve / rɪˈzɜːrv / (রিˈজা্‌র্ভ্‌) v [to ask for a seat, table, room, etc. to be available for you or Sb else at a future time] (<কোনোকিছু> সংরক্ষণ করা): This seat is reserved for a special guest.


Ø Harvest / ˈhɑːrvɪst / (ˈহাঃর্ভিস্ট্‌) v {Pt. Pp. harvested / ˈhɑːrvɪstɪd / (ˈহার্ভিস্টিড্‌)} [to pick and gather crops, or to catch fish, animals or plants to eat] (ফসল কাটা বা ঘড়ে তোলা): The vegetables are ready to harvest in September.

Ø Solely / ˈsoʊlli / (ˈছৌল্লি) adj [only and not involving anyone or anything else] (এককভাবে; শুধু; কেবল): He was motivated solely by self-interest.

Ø Provide / prəˈvaɪd / (প্রˈভাড্‌) v [to give someone something that they need] (সরবারহ করা; যোগানো): This booklet provides useful information about local services.
    <SYN> Supply

Ø Complex / kəmˈpleks / (ˈপ্লেক্‌ছ্‌) adj [involving a lot of different but related parts] (যৌগ; মিশ্রিত): a complex carbohydrate.

Ø Fibre / ˈfaɪbər / (ˈপার্‌) n {US fiber} [a substance of such as fruit, vegetables, that helps to keep a person healthy by keeping the bowels working and moving other food quickly through the body] (আঁশ; তন্তু): He has been advised to increase his fibre intake.

Ø Mineral / ˈmɪnərəl / (ˈমিনল্‌) n [a valuable or useful chemical substance which is formed naturally in the ground] (খনিজ-পদার্থ): A chemical that body needs to stay healthy. 


dhal
Dhal
Dhal / dɑːl / (ডাঃল্‌) n [dal or dhal are a dried pulses. Which has been cooked or split, The outer husk is usually stripped off; dhal that has not been husked is described as skin. The word dhal is also used to name the thick stew prepared from pulses, an important part of Indian, Bangladeshi, and Nepali, Sri Lankan, and Pakistani cuisine. Dal or pulses is staple curry eaten with boiled rice<ভাত> and flatbread throughout India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal, where Dal Bhatt is the staple food for much of the population. Dhal is a ready source of proteins for a balanced diet containing no meat.] (<রান্না করা যেকোনো>ডাল):

split
Split
Ø Split / splɪt / (স্প্লিট্‌) n {Pt. Pp. Split} [to divide into two or more parts, especially along a particular line] (বিশেষত লম্বালম্বিভাবে ভাগ হওয়া বা করা; <মসুর, মুগ, মটর ডাল>ভাঙা): His trousers split when he tried to jump the fence<বেড়া>.
    <SYN> Divide

Ø Outer / ˈaʊtər / (ˈআউটর্‌) adj [on the outside of Sth] (বাইরের বা বাইরের জন্য): the outer layer of the skin.
<SYN> External




husk
Husk
Ø Husk / hʌsk / (হাছক্‌) n [the dry outer covering of nuts, some seeds, especially of grain] (<ডালের> খোসা/ তুস): Brown rice has not had the husks removed.

<VERB> Husk / hʌsk / (হাছক্‌) v [to remove the husks from grain, seeds, nuts, etc.] (খোসা ছাড়ান):

 Ø Strip / strɪp / (স্ট্রিপ্‌) v {Pt. Pp. stripped / strɪpt / (স্টিপ্ট্‌)} [to remove a layer from Sth, especially so that it is completely exposed] (<আবরণ> খসানো/ তুলে ফেলা): Because of the pollution, the trees are almost completely stripped of bark.

Ø Stew / stuː / (স্টূ) n [a type of food consisting usually of meat or fish and vegetables cooked slowly in a small amount of liquid] (<মাছ, মাংস বা সব্জির>গারো ঝোল তরকারি):

Ø Cuisine / kwɪˈziːn / (ক্যুজীন্‌) n [a style of cooking] (রান্নার পদ্ধতি বিশেষ): We sampled the Italian cuisine.

Ø Staple / ˈsteɪpl / (স্টেপ্‌ল্‌) adj [the main product or part of something] (প্রধান পন্যদ্রব্য): The staple crop is rice.


lentil
Lentil
Lentil / ˈlentl / (ˈলেনট্‌ল্‌) n [this is an edible pulses. It is a bushy annual plant of the legume family, known for its lens-shaped a small green, orange or brown seeds. Its colors range from yellow to red-orange to green, brown and black.] (মসুর<ডাল>; মসুরি): red/brown lentils

Ø Edible / ˈedəl / (ˈএডবল্‌) adj [safe or suitable to be eaten] (ভোজ্য): The fishes were old but still looked edible.

bushy
Bushy
Ø Bushy / bʊʃi / (বুশি) adj [(of plants) growing thickly, with a lot of leaves] (ঝোপঝাড়ময়): bushy spring plants

Ø Lens-shaped / lenz- ʃeɪpt / (লেনজ্‌-শেপট্‌) n [] (<চোখের> মণি আকৃতির):

Ø Range / reɪndʒ / (রেনজ্‌) v [to vary between two particular amounts, sizes, etc. including others among them] (দুই প্রান্তসীমার মধ্যে উঠানামা করা):



green gram
Green gram
Green gram / griːn græm / (গ্রীন্‌ গ্র্যাম্‌) n [the green gram, also known as the moong bean, mung bean, or mung is a plant of the legume family, is mainly cultivated in India, China, and Southeast Asia. It is used as an ingredient in savory and sweet dishes.] (মুগ ডাল):  

Ø Cultivate / ˈkʌltɪveɪt / (ˈকালটিভেট্‌) v [to prepare and use land for growing plants or crops] (<জমি> চাষ করা; আবাদ করা): The land around here has never been cultivated
        <SYN> Grow

<NOUN> Cultivation / ˌkʌltɪˈveɪʃn / (ˌকালটিˈভেশ্‌ন্‌) n [the preparation and use of land for growing plants or crops] (চাষ; আবাদ): Fertile land that is under cultivation.

ingredient
Ingredient
Ø Ingredient / ɪnˈgriːdiənt / (ˈগ্রীডিন্‌ট্‌) n [one of the things from which Sth is made, especially one of the foods that are used together to make a particular dish] (<রান্নার> উপাদান/ উপকরণ): Mix all the ingredients in a bowl.
     <SYN> Element

Ø Savory / ˈseɪvəri / (ˈছেরি) adj [having a taste that is salty or spicy and not sweet] (নোনতা স্বাদের): savory/dumplings snacks

Ø Dish / dɪʃ / (ডিশ্‌) n [Food prepared in a particular way as part of a meal] (খাবার টেবিলে পরিবেশনকৃত খাদ্য): My favorite dish is rice with chicken and mashed potato<আলু ভর্তা>.


pigeon pea
Pigeon Pea
Pigeon pea / ˈpɪdʒɪn piː / (ˈপিজি্‌ন্‌ পী) n [this is a perennial legume Family, It is consumed on a large scale mainly in South Asia. They are very drought-resistant, so can be grown in areas with less than 650mm rainfall.  It has in high demand at lucrative prices.] (অড়হর ডাল):
Ø Perennial / pəˈreniəl / (ˈরেনিল্‌) n [any plant that lives for more than two years] (দুই বছরের বেশি জীবৎকালীন): Roses and geraniums are perennials, flowering year after year.

Ø Family / ˈfæməli / (ˈফ্যামলি) n [(biological group) a large group of related types of animal or plant] (প্রাণী, উদ্ভিদ প্রভৃতির দল বা পরিবারবর্গ): The lion is a member of the cat family

Ø Scale / skeɪl / (স্কে) n 1. [the size or extent of something, especially when compared with something else](কোনো বস্তুর আকার বা পরিমান): On a global scale, 77% of energy is created from fossil fuels.

Ø Resist / rɪˈzɪst / (রিˈজিছট্‌) v [to not be harmed or damaged by Sth] (প্রতিরোধ করা; <ক্ষতি> রোধ করা): The new hybrid crops are much better at resisting disease.
       <ADJ> Resistant / rɪˈzɪstənt / (রিˈজিছটনট্‌) n {~ (to Sth)} [not affected by Sth; able to resist Sth] (প্রতিরোধক্ষমতাসম্পন্ন): Insects are becoming resistant to insecticides.

Ø Rainfall / ˈreɪnfɔːl / (ˈরেনফোল্‌) n [the total amount of rain that falls in a particular amount of time] (বৃষ্টিপাত/ বৃষ্টিপাতের পরিমাণ): The average annual rainfall in this region: 740mm.

Ø Lucrative / ˈluːkrətɪv / (ˈলূক্রটিভ্‌) adj [producing a large amount of money; making a large profit] (লোভজনক; আর্থিকভাবে লোভনীয়): The merger<সমবায়> proved to be very lucrative for both companies.


black gram
Black gram
Black gram / blæk græm / (ব্ল্যাক্‌ গ্র্যাম্‌) n [black gram is originated in India, where it has been in cultivation from ancient times and is one of the most highly prized pulses of India and Pakistan.
Black gram is popular in India, largely used to make dal from whole or split, husked seeds.] (মাষকলাই):

Ø Ancient / ˈeɪnʃənt / (ˈনশন্‌ট্‌) adj [belonging to a period of history that is thousands of years in the past] (প্রাচীন): People have lived in this valley since ancient times. 


chickpea
Chickpea
Chickpea / ˈtʃɪkpiː / (ˈচিকপী) n [the chickpea is a legume of the family also known as gram, Bengal gram or garbanzo bean. It hard round seed like light brown peas is high in protein. Its plant grows to 20-50 cm long and has small, feathery leaves on either side of the stem. Chickpeas are a type of pulse, with one seedpod containing two or three seeds. It is eaten as a dhal called split chickpeas.

Chickpeas are usually rapidly boiled for 10 minutes and then simmered for a longer period. Dried chickpeas need a long cooking time (1-2 hours) but will easily fall apart when cooked longer. If soaked for 12-24 hours before use, cooking time can be shortened by around 30 minutes. Chickpeas can also be pressure cooked. Mature chickpeas can be cooked and eaten cold in salads, cooked in stews, ground into gram flour, also known as chickpea flour and used frequently in Indian Subcontinent cuisine.] (বুট; চানা; ছোলা):

Ø Feathery / ˈfeðəri / (ˈফেদরি) adj [light, soft or delicate, like feathers] (পালকতুল্য হালকা ও নরম): feathery leaves/snowflakes<তুষারফলক>

sprout
Sprout
Ø Sprout / spraʊt / (স্প্রাট্‌) v [(of plants or seeds) to produce new leaves or buds; to start to grow] (অঙ্কুরিত; হওয়া; পল্লবিত হওয়া): The seeds will sprout in a few days.

Ø Stem / stem / (স্টেম্‌) n [the main long thin part of a plant above the ground from which the leaves or flowers grow] (ডাটা<বোঁটা, পাতা, ফুল ও ফলের যে অংশ কাণ্ডের সঙ্গে যুক্ত থাকে>): a tall plant with branching stems





split chickpeas
Split chickpeas
Ø Split chickpeas / splɪt ˈtʃɪkpiːz / (স্প্লিট্‌ ˈচিকপীজ্‌) n [chickpea is hulled and split to make dhal] (বুট ডাল):

Ø Boil / bɔɪl / (ল্‌) v [to reach, or cause something to reach, the temperature at which a liquid starts to turn into a gas] (তরল পদার্থ উত্তপ্ত করে ফুটানো; সিদ্ধ করা): The water was bubbling and boiling away.

Ø Simmer / ˈsɪmər / (ˈছিমর্‌) v [to cook something with liquid in it, at a temperature slightly below boiling] (হাল্কা ফুটানো অবস্থা): Simmer the sauce gently for 10 minutes.

soak
 Soak
Ø Soak / soʊk / (ছৌক্‌) v {Pt. Pp. soaked / soʊkt / (ছৌক্ট্‌)} [to put Sth in liquid for a time so that it becomes completely wet; or (of liquid) to be absorbed in large amounts] (পানিতে চুবিয়ে রাখা; কোনোকিছু ভিজানো): Leave the chickpeas to soak for 30 minutes.  
    <SYN> Immerse  

Ø Shorten / ˈʃɔːrtn / (ˈশোরটন্‌) v {Pt. Pp. Shortened} [to make Sth shorter; to become shorter] (ছোট করা/ হওয়া; খর্ব করা): I have asked him to shorten my grey trousers.
    <ANT> Lengthen

Ø Grind / graɪnd / (গ্রানড্‌) v {Pt. Pp. Ground} [to crush Sth into very small pieces or a powder by pressing between two hard surface or using a special machine] (ঘষে চূর্ণ বা গুড়া করা): They grind the grain into flour between two large stones. To grind coffee/corn

gram flour
Gram Flour

Ø Gram flour / ˈgræm ˈflaʊər / (ˈগ্র্যাম্‌ ˈফ্লাউএ) n {also Besan; Chickpea flour} [flour made from chickpeas] (বেসন): Gram flour has a slightly nutty<বাসামের মতো স্বাদযুক্ত> taste.

Ø Frequent / ˈfriːkwənt / (ˈফ্রীকুন্‌ট্‌) adj [happening or doing Sth often; common] (প্রায়শ সংঘটিত; পৌনঃপুনিক; নিয়মিত): There is a frequent bus service into the center of town.
        <ADV> Frequently / ˈfriːkwəntli / (ˈফ্রীকুনট্‌লি) adv [often] (ঘনঘন; প্রায়ই; বারংবার; পুনঃপুন): I see him quite frequently.



cowpea
Cowpea 
Cowpea / ˈkaʊpiː / (ˈকাউপী) n [cowpea is a type of bean that is white with a black spot and is grown for pulses. They are one of the most important food legume crops in the semiarid tropics covering Asia, Africa, Southern Europe, and central and South America. A drought-tolerant and warm-weather crop, cowpeas are well-adapted<সু-অভিযোজিত> to the drier regions of the tropics, where other food legumes do not perform well.] (বিউলি ডাল): Cowpeas are an important crop in many African countries.

Ø Semi-arid / ˈsemi-ˈærɪd / (ˈছেমি-ˈএ্যারিড্‌) adj [(of land or climate) describes an area or climate with little rain but not completely dry] (অর্ধ-অনুর্বর): arid and semi-arid deserts


pea
Pea
Pea / piː / (পী) n [pea is most commonly the small spherical seed or the seed-pod of the pod fruit. Each pod contains several peas. Pea pods are botanical fruits since they contain seeds and developed from the ovary of a (pea) flower. It is a cool season crop grown in many parts of the world; a pea is a most commonly green, occasionally golden yellow, or infrequently purple pod-shaped vegetable, widely grown as a cool season vegetable crop. They do not thrive in the summer heat of warmer temperate and lowland tropical climates but do grow well in cooler, high altitudes, tropical areas. ] (মটর): frozen/dried peas

Ø Spherical / ˈsferɪkl / (ˈস্ফেরিকল্‌) adj [shaped like a ball] (গোলাকার): The Earth is not perfectly spherical.
<SYN> Round

Ø Botanical / bəˈtænɪkl / (ˈট্যানিক্‌ল্‌) adj [involving or relating to plants or the study of plants] (উদ্ভিদসম্বন্ধীয়): Several new botanical species have been discovered in the last year.

ovary
Ovary 
Ø Ovary / ˈoʊvəri / (ˈওভরি) n [the part of a plant that produces seeds or eggs] (<উদ্ভিদের> বীজকোষ):

Ø Thrive / θraɪv / (থ্রাভ্‌) v {Pt. Pp. Thrived} [to grow, develop or be successful, strong, healthy, etc.] (বলিষ্ঠ ও স্বাস্থ্যবান হওয়া; সমৃদ্ধি লাভ করা): The fungus thrives in warm, moist conditions.
   <SYN> Flourish

Ø Climate / ˈklaɪmət / (ˈক্লাট্‌) n [the general weather conditions usually found in a particular place] (জলবায়ু; জলবায়ু-অঞ্চল): The harsh<রূঢ়> climate of the Arctic regions.

Ø Do / du / (ডু) v [used to give extra force to the main verb] (ক্রিয়াকে জোর দেবার জন্য ব্যবহৃত হয়): Do shut up, Raju, and get on with your home task.

Ø Altitude / ˈæltɪtuːd / (ˈএ্যালটিটূড্‌) n [a place that is high above sea level] (সমুদ্রপৃষ্ঠ থেকে অনেক উঁচু কোনো জায়গা): Mountain climbers use oxygen when they reach higher altitudes.

split peas
Split peas





Ø Split peas / splɪt piːz / (স্প্লিট-পীজ্‌) n [split peas are a culinary preparation consisting of the dried, peeled and split seeds of the pea] (মটর ডাল): 




grass pea
Grass pea
Grass pea / græs piː / (গ্র্যাছ্‌ পী) n [it is a legume, commonly grown for human feeding and livestock feed in Asia and East Africa. It is a particularly important crop in areas that are prone to drought<খরা> and famine and is thought of as an ‘insurance crop’ as it produces reliable yields when all other crops fail. Grass pea contains a toxic component that may cause paralysis in humans and livestock if consumed for a prolonged period. It is also known as chickling pea, Indian pea, white pea, and khesari (in Bangladesh and India)] (খেসারি<ডাল>):

livestock
Livestock
Ø Livestock / ˈlaɪvstɑːk / (ˈলাভ্‌স্টাঃক্‌) n [animals, such as cattle, sheep, fishes, and birds, such as chickens, kept on a farm] (গৃহপালিত পশু):

Ø Prone / proʊn / (প্রৌন্‌) adj {~ to Sth} [likely to suffer from Sth or show a particular negative characteristic] (প্রবণ; উন্মুখ): He was prone to depressions even as a teenager.

Ø Famine / ˈfæmɪn / (ˈফ্যামিন্‌) n [when there is not enough food for a great number of people, causing illness and death, or particular period when this happens] (দুর্ভিক্ষ; চরম খাদ্যভাব): There were reports of refugees dying of famine.

Ø Reliable / rɪˈlaɪəbl / (রিˈলাইএব্‌ল্‌) adj [that can be trusted to do Sth well; that you can rely on] (নির্ভরযোগ্য; বিশ্বাসযোগ্য): We are looking for someone who is reliable and hard-working.

Ø Component / kəmˈpoʊnənt / (ˈপৌনন্‌ট্‌) n [one of a several parts of which Sth is made] (উপাদান; অংশ): Fresh fruit and vegetables are in an essential component of a healthy diet.
      <SYN> Element

Ø Prolonged / prəˈlɔːŋd / (প্রˈলোঙ্‌ড্‌) adj [continuing for a long time] (দীর্ঘসময়ব্যাপী; প্রলম্বিত): Prolonged use of the drug is known to have harmful side-effects.
    <SYN> Lengthy


soya bean
Soya Bean
Soya bean / ˈsɔɪ biːn / (ˈছয় বীন্‌) n [a type of legume bean, grown especially in Asia and North America, which is used as a food for people and animals protein] (সয়াবিন):   



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