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Physical Exercises Names, Meaning & Image | Necessary Vocabulary





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1. Exercise

Exercise / ˈeksərsaɪz / (ˈএক্সর্ছায্) n 1. [physical or mental activity that is planned, structured to improve health, maintain fitness or become stronger] (ব্যায়ম): The mind needs exercise as well as the body. Vigorous/gentle exercise  

<VERB> Exercise / ˈeksərsaɪz / (ˈএক্সর্ছায্) v [to do physical activities to make your body strong and healthy] (ব্যায়ম করা): A workout in the gym will exercise all the major muscle groups.

2. Exercise
2. Exercise
 2. Exercise / ˈeksərsaɪz / (ˈএক্সর্ছায্) n [a set of questions in a book that tests your knowledge or practices a skill] (অনুশীলন; চর্চা): You will complete these exercises for homework. Do exercise one for homework. Grammar exercises



Physical Exercise Related Necessary Vocabulary Not


Ø Structure / ˈstrʌktʃər / (ˈস্ট্রাকচর্) v [to organize or arrange Sth into a system or pattern] (কোনোকিছু নিয়ম মাফিক করা): He had structured his arguments very carefully.   

Ø Fitness / ˈfɪtnəs / (ˈফিট্ছ্) n [the state of being physically healthy and strong] (শারীরিক যোগ্যতা; স্বাস্থ্য সবলতা): I am trying to improve my fitness by cycling to work.

Ø <IDM> As well (as Sb/Sth) [in addition to Sb/Sth; too] (উপরন্তু; ): They sell books as well as newspapers. Are they coming as well?

Ø Vigorous / ˈvɪgərəs / (ˈভিগছ্) adj {SYN energetic} [very active, determined or full of energy] (বলিষ্ঠ, তেজস্বী, বলবান, তেজীয়ান): He takes plenty of vigorous exercises.

Ø Gentle / ˈdʒentl / (ˈজেনটল্) adj [having only a small effect; not strong or violent] (মৃদু): a little gentle exercise

Ø Workout / ˈwɜːrkaʊt / (ˈওয়ার্ক্ট্) n [a period of physical exercise that you do to keep fit] (ব্যায়ম অনুশীলন): He does a 25–minute workout every evening. A light workout 


<PHR-V> Work out [to exercise in order to improve the strength or appearance of your body] (ব্যায়ম অনুশীলন করা): I work out regularly to keep fit.

Ø Gym / dʒɪm / (জিম্) n {formal gymnasium} [a room or hall with equipment of doing physical exercise, for example in a school] (শরীরচর্চা কেন্দ্র): Class 4 do gym on a Saturday afternoon. You can tell he works out at the gym.


Push-up, বুক ডাউন
Push-Up
Push-up / ˈpʊʃ-ʌp / (ˈপুশ-আপ্‌) n {UK press-up} [a physical exercise in which you lie flat with your face towards the floor and try to push up your body with arms which keeping your legs and back straight] (বুক ডাউন): I do twenty-five push-up with a push-up bar every morning.

Push-up bar
Push-up bar


Ø Push-up bar / ˈpʊʃ-ʌp bɑːr / (ˈপুশ-আপ্‌ বাঃর) n [a simple tool for push-up, which called a push-up bar that adds even more of a challenge to the exercise] (বুক ডাউন কাঠরা):  






Sit-up
Sit-Up
Sit-up / ˈsɪt-ʌp / (ˈছিট-আপ্‌) n [a type of physical exercise for making stomach muscles strong, in which you lie on your back on the floor and rouse the top part your body to a sitting position] (ছিট আপ ব্যাম): He does 25 sit-ups every morning.

Ø Stomach / ˈstʌmək / (ˈস্টামক্) n {SYN belly} [the organ in the body where good goes when swallowing it; the front part of the body just below the chest] (পাকস্থলী; উদর): exercises to strengthen the stomach muscles


Plunk exercise
Plunk
Plunk (exercise) / plæŋk / (প্ল্যাঙ্ক্) n {Also front hold, hover, abdominal bridge} 1. [an isometric core strength exercise that involves maintaining a position similar to a push-up for the maximum possible time] (প্ল্যাঙ্ক ব্যায়ম):

2. Plunk / plæŋk / (প্ল্যাঙ্ক্) n [a long narrow flat piece of wood that is used for making floors, etc.] (কাষ্ঠফলক; তক্তা): We used a plank to cross the ditch. A plank of wood


Stretch
Stretch
Stretch / stretʃ / (স্ট্রেচ্‌) n [an act of stretching out your arms or legs or your body and contracting the muscles; the state of being stretched] (শরীর প্রসারণ ব্যাম):

<VERB> Stretch / stretʃ / (স্ট্রেচ্‌) v [to put your arms or legs out straight and contract your muscles] (শরীর প্রসারণ করা): The exercises are designed to stretch and tone your leg muscles.

Necessary Vocabulary 


Ø Contract / kənˈtrækt / (ন্ˈট্র্যাক্ট্) v 1. [to become less or smaller; to make Sth become less or smaller] (সংকুচিত করা বা হওয়া): The exercise consists of stretching and contracting the leg muscles.

2. Contract / kənˈtrækt / (ন্ˈট্র্যাক্ট্) v [to make a legal agreement with someone to do work or to have work done for you] (চুক্তি করা): Several computer engineers have been contracted to the finance department.

Ø Tone / toʊn / (টৌন্) n 1. [the healthy tightness of the body, especially the muscles] (অঙ্গ-প্রত্যঙ্গের স্বাভাবিক অবস্থান): After you have had a baby you lose the muscle tone in your stomach.

2. Tone / toʊn / (টৌন্) n [the quality of Sb’s voice, especially expressing a particular emotion] (স্বর, কণ্ঠস্বর): Do not speak to me in that tone of voice (= angrily) young girl!  


Pull-up
Pull-Up
Pull-up / ˈpʊl-ʌp / (ˈপুল-আপ্‌) n {USA chin-up} [an exercise in which you hold onto a high bar above your head and pull yourself up towards it] (মাথের উপর কোনো লাঠি ধরে শরীর উপরে তোলা ব্যাম):

Ø <PHR-V> Pull up [(of a vehicle or its driver) to stop] (<যানবাহন>থামানো): She pulled up at the traffic lights.


Jogging
Jogging
Jogging / ˈdʒɑːgɪŋ / (ˈজাঃগিঙ্‌) n [the activity of running at a show regular speed, especially as a form of exercise] (আস্তে দৌড়ানো ব্যাম; জগিং): He decided to take up jogging. He usually goes jogging for half an hour before breakfast.

Ø <PHR-V> Take up [to start doing a particular job or activity] (নির্দিষ্ট কিছু করতে শুরু করা): They have taken up golf.

Ø Jog / dʒɑːg / (জাঃগ্) v {jogs / dʒɑːgz / (জাঃগয্‌); Pt. Pp. jogged / dʒɑːgd / (জাঃগ্ড্‌)} [to run at a slow, regular speed for a long time, especially for exercise] (): They jogged slowly down the hill.

<NOUN> Jogger / ˈdʒɑːgər / (ˈজাঃগর্‌) n [someone who jogs regularly for exercise] (যে নিয়মিত জগিং করে):


Jumping jacks
Jumping Jacks
Jumping jacks / dʒʌmpɪŋ dʒæk / (জাম্‌পিঙ্‌ জ্যাক্‌) n {Also star jump; side straddle hop} [a physical jumping exercise performed by jumping to a position with the legs spread wide and the hands touching overhead, sometimes in a clap, and then returning to a position with the feet together and the arms at the sides] (জাম্‌পিঙ্‌ জ্যাক্‌): After a minute passes they jumped to a standing position and began doing jumping jacks.

Ø Clap / klæp / (ক্ল্যাপ্‌) v [to make a short loud noise by hitting your hands together] (করতালি দেওয়া): Everyone clapped us when we went up to get our prize.

Ø Jump / dʒʌmp / (জাম্প্‌) v {jumps / dʒʌmps / (জাম্পছ্‌); Pt. Pp. jumped / dʒʌmpt / (জাম্পট্‌)} [to move quickly off the ground or away from a surface by pushing yourself with your legs and feet] (লাফ দেওয়া; ঝাঁপ দেওয়া): The children were jumping up and down with excitement.

Ø Jacks / dʒæks / (জ্যাক্স্‌) n [a children’s game in which you throw a ball into the air and try to pick up a number of small metal or plastic objects with the same hand before catching the ball again] (ব্যাচ্চাদের একধরণের খেলা):


Skip
Skip 
Skip / skɪp / (স্কিপ্‌) v {skips / skɪps / (স্কিপছ্‌); Pt. Pp. skipped / skɪpt / (স্কিপ্ট্‌)} {US jump rope; skip rope} 1[to jump lightly over a rope that is held in both your hands, or by two other people, and swung repeatedly under your legs and over your head as an exercise or a game] (দড়ি ঝাপানো ব্যাম করা): He likes to skip rope as a warm-up.  

2. Skip / skɪp / (স্কিপ্‌) v [to leave one thing or place, especially quickly, in order to go another] (দ্রুত এক বিষয় থেকে অন্য বিষয়ে গমন করা; স্কিপ করা): This part of the book is not very interesting, so I am going to skip it. 


Ø Rope / roʊp / (রৌপ্‌) n [a piece of strong, thick string made of long twisting thinner threads, wires, etc. together] (দড়ি; রশি; রজ্জু): We tied his hands together with rope. 

Ø Swing / swɪŋ / (সুঙ্‌) v {Pt. Pp. swung} [to move backward or forwards or from side to side while hanging from a fixed point; to make Sth do this] (ঘোরা বা ঘোরানো; দোলা বা দোলানো; ঝোলা বা ঝোলানো):

Ø Warm-up / ˈwɔːrm-ʌp / (ˈওয়ার্ম-আপ্‌) n [a short practice or a series of gentle exercise that you do to prepare yourself for doing a particular sport or activity] (হালকা গা গরম করা ব্যায়ম): A warm-up is important before a run so as not to strain any muscles.

<PHR-V> Warm up / ˌwɔːrm ʌp / (ˌওয়ার্ম আপ্‌) v [to prepare for physical exercise or a performance by doing gentle exercise or practice] (ভারি ব্যায়মের আগে হালকা শরীর গরম ব্যায়ম করা):

<PHR-V> Warm Sth up / ˌwɔːrm ˈʌp / (ˌওয়ার্ম ˈআপ্‌) v [to heat previously cooked food again for eating] (খাওয়ার সময় পূর্বে রান্না করা খাবার পুনরায় গরম করা): I might just warm up the leftovers from yesterday’s meal in the microwave.


Standing forward bend
Standing Forward Bend
Standing forward bend / ˈstændɪŋ ˈfɔːrwərd bend / (ˈস্ট্যান্‌ডিঙ্‌ ˈফোর্‌অএর্ড্‌ বেন্ড্‌) n [a physical exercise in which a person starts from an erect position, with the feet are together and the upper body is bent forward at the hips, allowing the head to hang with the hands placed on the floor, then returns to the original position without using the hands to support the body] (সামনে বাকানো ব্যাম):

Ø Erect / ɪˈrekt / (ˈরেক্ট্‌) adj {SYN straight} [standing with your back and neck very straight] (খাড়া বা সিধা): Keep your trunk erect throughout the exercise.

Ø Bend / bend / (বেন্ড্‌) v {Pt. Pp. bent} [(especially of Sb’s body or head) to lean, or make Sth lean, in a particular direction] (বাঁকানো; বাঁকা করা/হওয়া): The doctor told me to avoid bending and stretching.

Ø Hip / hɪp / (হিপ্‌) n [the area at either side of the body between the top of the leg and the waist, or the joint which connects the leg to the upper part of the body] (কটি): This exercise is designed to trim your hips and stomach.


Seated forward bend
Seated Forward Bend
Seated forward bend (fold) / siːtɪd ˈfɔːrwərd bend / (ছীটিড্‌ ˈফোর্‌অএর্ড্‌ বেন্ড্‌) n [a calming pose that stretches the entire back body from the feet all the way up the spine and into the neck] (বসে সামনে হেলে ব্যাম্‌):

Ø Calm / kɑːm / (কাঃম্‌) adj [peaceful and quiet; without hurried movement, worry or noise] (শান্ত; স্থির; প্রসন্ন): Try to remain calm.

Ø Pose / poʊz / (পৌয্‌) n [a particular position in which Sb stands, site, etc. especially in order to be painted, drawn or photographed etc.] (ভঙ্গি বা শান্ত অবস্থা): He adopted a dramatic pose for the camera. He struck a heroic pose, and cried, ‘I will do it!’

Ø Spine / spaɪn / (স্পান্‌) n {SYN backbone} 1. [the row of small bones that are connected down the middle of the back that provides support for the body and protects the spinal cord] (মেরুদণ্ড): He injured his spine in a riding accident.

2. Spine / spaɪn / (স্পান্‌) n [a long sharp point like a needle growing out of an animal such as a hedgehog or a plant such as a cactus] (<কোনোকোনো গাছের বা প্রাণী দেহের>কাঁটা): Porcupines use their spines to protect themselves.


Squat to stand
Squat to Stand
Squat to stand / skwɑːt tuː stænd / (স্কোঅ টূ স্ট্যান্ড্‌) n [squat is a position in which you are crouched with your knees bent and the backs of your feet almost touching your butt or an exercise in which you bend in such a manner and then stand up again] (উঠ বস ব্যাম):

Squat, উবু হয়ে বসা
Squat
Ø Squat / skwɑːt / (স্কোয়াট্‌) v [to sit on your heels with your knees bent up close to your body] (উবু হয়ে বসা): He squatted down and examined the front wheel of his bike.

<NOUN> Squat / skwɑːt / (স্কোয়াট্‌) n [a squatting position or exercise of the body] (উবু হয়ে বসা বা বসানো):

Ø Crouch / kraʊtʃ / (ক্রাচ্‌) v [to bend your knees and lower yourself so that you are close to the ground and leaning forward slightly] (গুটিসুটি মারা/হওয়া): Raju crouched down behind a bush.

<NOUN> Crouch / kraʊtʃ / (ক্রাচ্‌) n [a crouching position] (গুটিসুটি অবস্থা): He dropped to a crouch.

Butt
1/2/3. Butt
Ø Butt / bʌt / (বাট্‌) n 1. [the part of the body that you sit on] (পাছা): He told her to get off his butt and do something useful.

2. Butt / bʌt / (বাট্‌) n [the part of a cigarette or cigar that is left after it has been smoked] (<সিগার বা সিগারেটের>শেষ প্রান্ত বা গোড়া): an ashtray full of cigarette butts

3. Butt / bʌt / (বাট্‌) n [the thick end of a weapon or tool] (<বন্দুক ইত্যাদির কাঠের স্থুলতর>প্রান্ত; কুঁদো; বাট): They stuck him with their rifle butts.


Squat
Squat (exercise)
Squat (exercise) / skwɑːt / (স্কোঅট্‌) n [a compound, full body exercise that trains primarily the muscles of the thighs, hips and buttocks, hamstrings, as well as strengthening the bones, ligaments, and insertion of the tendons throughout the lower body] (উবু হয়ে ব্যাম):

Ø Buttock / ˈbʌtək / (ˈবাটক্‌) n [either of the two round soft parts at the top of a person’s legs] (নিতম্ব বা পাছা): The beating had left red weal on his buttocks.

Ø Hamstring / ˈhæmstrɪŋ / (ˈহ্যাম্‌স্ট্রিঙ্‌) n [one of the five tendons behind the knee that connect the muscles of the upper leg to the bones of the lower leg] (হাঁটুর পিছন দিকের ৫ পেশিতন্তু): He pulled (= injured) a hamstring while playing football. 

Ø Ligament / ˈlɪgəmənt / (ˈলিগন্ট্‌) n [any of the strong strips of tissue in the body that connect bones together, limiting movements in joints and supporting muscles and other tissue] (লিগামেন্ট): I have torn a ligament.

Ø Tendon / ˈtendən / (ˈটেন্‌ডন্‌) n [a strong band of tissue in the body that joins a muscle to a bone] (শক্ত তন্তু যা দ্বারা মাংসপেশি হাড়ের সাথে যুক্ত থাকে): He had surgery for a torn tendon in his elbow.


Exercise bike
Exercise Bike
Exercise bike / ˈeksərsaɪz baɪk / (ˈএক্সর্‌ছায্‌ বাক্‌) n {Also stationary bicycle, exercise bicycle, spinning bike} [a machine with a saddle, pedals, and some form of handlebars arranged as on a bicycle, but used as exercise indoors, does not move from one place] (এক্সারসাইজ বাইক):


Rowing machine
Rowing Machine
Rowing machine / ˈroʊɪŋ məˈʃiːn / (ˈরৌঙ্‌ মˈশীন্‌) n {Also indoor rower} [a piece of sports equipment used to simulate the action of watercraft rowing for the purpose of exercise or training for rowing] (রৌইং মেশীন):

Ø Simulate / ˈsɪmjuleɪt / (ˈছিমিলেট্‌) v {SYN feign} [to do or make Sth which looks real but is not real] (ধোকা দেবার জন্য ছদ্মরূপ ধারণ করা): I tried to simulate surprise at the news.


Treadmill
Treadmill
Treadmill / ˈtredmɪl / (ˈট্রেড্‌মিল্‌) n [an exercise machine that has a moving surface that you can walk or run on while remaining in the same place] (ব্যামের জন্য দৌরানোর মেশিন): I try to do half an hour’s exercise on the treadmill every morning.


Barbell
Barbell
Barbell / ˈbɑːrbel / (ˈবাঃর্বেল্‌) n [a piece of a tool used in weight training, bodybuilding, weightlifting, and powerlifting, consisting of a long metal bar with weights attached at each end] (বার্বেল):

Necessary Vocabulary 

Ø Weight / weɪt / (ওএট্‌) n [an object that is heavy] (ভারি কোনো জিনিস): The doctor said he should not lift heavy weights.

Ø Bodybuilding / ˈbɑːdibɪldɪŋ / (ˈবাঃডিবিল্ডিঙ্‌) n [the activity of doing regular exercises in order to make your muscles bigger and stronger] (শরীর সুগঠন):

Ø Weightlifting / ˈweɪtlɪftɪŋ / (ˈওএট্‌লিফ্‌টিঙ্‌) n [the activity of lifting heavy objects either as a sport or for exercise] (ভারউত্তলন):

Ø Powerlifting / ˈpaʊərlɪftɪŋ / (ˈপাউর্লিফ্‌টিঙ্‌) n [the sport of lifting weights in three different ways, in a set order] (পাওয়ারলিফটিং):


Dumb-bell
Dumb-Bell
Dumb-bell / ˈdʌm-bel / (ˈডাম্‌-বেল্‌) n [a short bar with a weight on each end that you lift up and down to make your arm and shoulder muscles stronger] (ডাম-বেল):



Hand grippers
Hand Grippers
Hand grippers / hænd grɪpərs / (হ্যান্ড্‌ গ্রিপর্ছ্‌) n {Also grippers, hand grip} [a tool used for testing and increasing the strength of the hands] (হ্যান্ড গ্রিপার্স)


Weight plate
Weight Plate
Weight plate / weɪt pleɪt / (ওএট্‌ প্লেট্‌) n [a flat, heavy object, usually made of cast iron, that is used in combination with barbells or dumb-bells to produce a bar with a desired total weight for the purpose of physical exercise] (ওজন প্লেট):

Ø Cast iron / ˌkæst ˈaɪərn / (ˌক্যাস্ট্‌ ˈইএর্ন্‌) n [a hard type of iron that does not bend easily and is shaped by pouring the hot liquid metal into a mold] (ঢালাই লোহা):


Exercise roller
Exercise Roller
Exercise roller / ˈeksərsaɪz ˈroʊlər / (ˈএক্সর্‌ছায্‌ ˈরৌলর্‌) n {Also foam roller} [an exercise devise used for massage and fitness, they help soothe tight and speed up muscle recovery] (এক্সারসাইজ রৌলার):

Ø Soothe / suːð / (সূদ্‌) v {SYN relieve} [to make a tense or painful part of your body feel more comfortable] (<যন্ত্রণা>উপশম করা): This should soothe the pain.

Ø Tight / taɪt / (টাট্‌) adj {SYN constricted} [feeling painful or uncomfortable because of illness or emotion] (শরীরের কোনো স্থানে শক্ত ভাব): He complained of having a tight chest.

Ø <PHR-V> Speed up [to happen or move faster or to make Sth happen or move faster] (কোনোকিছুর বেগ বৃদ্ধি করা): Can you try and speed things up a bit?  


Cardio
Cardio
Cardio / ˈkɑːrdioʊ / (ˈকাঃর্ডিঔ) n {Also aerobic exercise} [physical exercise of low to high intensity that depends primarily on the aerobic energy-generating process. Aerobic literally means “relating to, involving, or requiring free oxygen”, that makes the heart work harder, and you do to keep yourself fit] (হৃদ ব্যাম): Cardio is the answer if you want to lose weight. Cardio exercise/workout


Aerobics
Aerobics
Aerobics / eˈroʊbɪks / (ˈরৌবিকছ্‌) n [energetic physical exercises, often performed with a group of people to music, which makes the heart, lungs, and muscles stronger and increases the amount of oxygen in the blood] (এরৌবিকছ): He does aerobics every Monday.


Yoga
Yoga
Yoga / ˈjoʊgə / (ˈইঔগ) n [a set of physical and mental exercises, for your body and for controlling your breathing, used by people who want to become fitter or to relax, which is the origin in India] (যোগব্যাম): I go to a yoga session on Thursday.  

More Exercise Vocabulary

Ø Six-pack / ˈsɪks-pæk / (ˈছিক্স-প্যাক্) n 1. [stomach muscles that are very strong and that you can see clearly across Sb’s stomach] (পেটের সুঠাম মাংসপেশী):

2. Six-pack / ˈsɪks-pæk / (ˈছিক্স-প্যাক্) n [a set of six bottles or cans sold together, especially of beer] (৬ বোতল মদের প্যাকেট):

Ø Love handles / ˈlʌv hændl / (ˈলাভ্‌ হ্যান্ডল্‌) n [the layer of fat around the middle of a person’s body or waist] (বেঢাউস মোটা কোমর):

Ø <PHR-V> Slim down [to become thinner, for example as a result of eating less] (পথ্য নিয়ন্ত্রণ করে হালকা ও পাতলা হওয়া): He has really slimmed down over the last few months.

Ø Spare tyre / ˌsper ˈtaɪər / (ˌস্পেˈটাইএর্‌) n {US spare tire} 1. [(humorous) unwanted a large roll of fat around Sb’s waist] (অপ্রত্যাসিত গোলাকার মোটা কোমড়): Vigorous exercise will help to get rid of your spare tyre.

2. Spare tyre / ˌsper ˈtaɪər / (ˌস্পেˈটাইএর্‌) n [an extra wheel for a car] (<মোটর গাড়ির>অতিরিক্ত চাকা):  






     Exercise Vocabulary | Important Words for Working Out





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