Stephen Hawking Cheats Doctor Algorithm

Stephen Hawking Cheats Doctor Algorithm Image

Hawking taking a zero-gravity flight in a vomit comit

Hawking’s turns 73 defying the odds of medicine

Defying the odds of medicine, Stephen Hawking, widely regarded as one of the most brilliant theoretical physicists celebrate his 73rd birthday today.

The Lucasian professor of mathematics and theoretical physics at the University of Cambridge has 12 honorary degrees. But aside from his academic achievements, the professor is also something of a medical marvel.

He has long defied baffled medical experts who predicted he had just months to live in 1963 when he was diagnosed with Motor Neuron Disease (MND) a deadly disease. Only five percent of people with the form of MND that he has a condition called MND disease survived for more than a decade after diagnosis. The fact that Hawking, Britain’s most celebrated physicist, has lived for nearly half a century with a condition that attacks the nerves serving the muscles of the body has been described as remarkable.

“I have been lucky, that my condition has progressed more slowly than is often the case. But it shows that one need not lose hope,” Hawking says. 

“I am quite often asked: How do you feel about having MND?”

“The answer is, not a lot. I try to lead as normal a life as possible, and not think about my condition, or regret the things it prevents me from doing, which are not that many,” the BBC quoted him as saying.

The Daily Star

During a visit to Europe in the mid-1985, Hawking contracted pneumonia which in his condition was life-threatening; He was so ill that Jane was asked if life support should be terminated. She refused but the consequence has remained tracheotomy, which would require round-the-clock nursing care, and remove what remained of his speech. Nurses were hired for the three shifts required to provide the round-the-clock support he required. One of those nurses was Elaine Mason, Who was to become Hawking’s second wife. For his communication, Hawking initially raised his eyebrows to choose letters on a spelling card. But he then received a computer program called the “Equalizer”. In a method, he uses to this day. Using a switch he selects phrases, words or letters from a bank of about 2500-3000 that are scanned. The program was originally run on a desktop computer. However, Elaine Mason’s husband, David, a computer engineer, adapted a small computer and attached it to his wheelchair. Released from the need to use somebody to interpret his speech, Hawking commented that “I can communicate better now than before, I lost my voice”. The voice he uses has a USA accent and is no longer produced. Despite the availability of other voices, Hawking has retained his original voice, saying that he prefers his current voice and identifies with it. At this point, Hawking activated a switch using his hand and could produce up to 15 words a minute. Lectures were prepared in advance and were sent to the speech synthesizer (keyboard) in short sections to be delivered.


With regards to his physical health, he remains optimistic.
The human race is so puny compared to the universe that being disabled is not of much cosmic significance.”
“I’m the archetype of a disabled genius, or should I say a physically challenged genius, to be politically correctAt least I’m obviously physically challenged. Whether I’m a genius is more open to doubt.”

This Content Related Necessary Vocabulary Notes

Algorithm ˈælgərɪðəm / (ˈএ্যাল্‌গরিদ) n [a set of rules that must be followed when solving a particular problem] (কিছু আইন যার নিয়ম মানা আবশ্যক):

Turn / tɜːrn / (টার্ন্‌) v [to reach or pass a particular age or time] (<বয়স ইত্যাদি> পেরানো; উত্তীর্ণ হওয়া): He has turned fifty. It is turned to midnight. Raja turns 22 in July.

Defy / dɪˈfaɪ / (ডিˈফা) v [to refuse to obey or show respect for sb in authority, a law, a rule, etc] (উপেক্ষা/ অমান্য করা; পরোয়া/ গ্রাহ্য না করা): It was foolish of you to defy the law.

Odd ɑːd / (অড্‌) adj [happening or appearing occasionally; not very regular or frequent(বাধা বা নিয়মিত নয় এমন)She has made the odd mistake – nothing too serious. He supports himself by doing odd jobs.

Widely ˈwaɪdli / (ˈইড্‌লি) adv [by a lot of people(বহুলাংশে; ব্যাপক মাত্রায়): The idea is now widely accepted. His books are widely read (=a lot of people read them).

Regard / rɪˈgɑːrd / (রিˈগার্ড্‌) v 1. [to think about sb/sth in a particular way(গভীরভাবে নিরীক্ষণ করা) 

2. Regard as (বিবেচনা/গ্ণ্য করা): Capital punishment was regarded as inhuman and immoral. He was widely regarded as the current leader’s natural successor.

<SYN> Consider

Theoretical / ˈθiːəˈretɪkl / (ˌথীˈরেটিকল) adj [based on the ideas that relate to a subject, not the practical uses of that subject](< বাস্তবিক বা অভিজ্ঞতা ভিত্তিকনয়>তাত্ত্বিক): theoretical physics

<ANT > Practical

Physicist / ˈfɪzɪsɪst / (ˈফিজিছিস্ট্‌) n [a scientist who studies physics] (পদার্থবিদ): a nuclear physicist

Celebrate / ˈselɪbreɪt / (ˈছেলিব্রে) v [to show that a day or an event is important by doing sth special on it( উদ্‌যাপন করা): They celebrated their 30th wedding anniversary in Rangpur.

<ADJ> Celebrated ˈselɪbreɪtɪd / (ˈছেলিব্রেটিড্‌) adj [famous for having good qualities(রূপে,গুণে প্রসিদ্ধ): a celebrated politician

<NOUN> Celebrity / səˈlebrətɪ / (ছেˈলেব্রটি) n [a famous person] (প্রসিদ্ধ ব্যক্তি): TV celebrities

Honorary / ˈɑːnəreri / (ˈআনরেরি) adj [<of a university degree, a rank, etc.>given honor to someone who has not finished a course of study] (অবৈতনিক; সম্মানজনক): He received an honorary degree/doctorate from Oxford.

Aside from [=except for] pre (বাদেও; এছাড়াও): Money continues to be a problem but aside from that, we are all well. I hardly watch any TV, aside from news and current affairs.

Achievement / əˈtʃiːvmənt / (চীভ্‌মন্ট্‌) n [a thing that sb has done successfully, especially using their own effort(এফরর্ট) and skill] (কৃতিত্ব): It was a remarkable achievement for such a young player

Marvel / ˈmɑːrvl / (ˈাঃর্ভ্‌ল্‌) v [a wonderful and surprising person or thing] (বিস্ময়): I often marvel that humans can treat each other so badly.

Baffle / ˈbæfl / (ˈ্যাফ্‌ল্‌ ) v [to confuse sb completely; to be too difficult or strange for sb to understand or explain] (হতবুদ্ধি করা; ধাঁধায় ফেলা): Her behavior baffles me. I am baffled why he has not come.

Predict / prɪˈdɪkt / (প্রিˈডিক্‌ট্‌) v [to say sth will happen in the future] (ভবিষ্যদ্বানী করা): Nobody could predict the outcome.

<SYN> Forecast

<NOUN> Prediction / prɪˈdɪktʃn / (্রিডিˈকশ্‌ন্‌) n [when you say what will happen in the future(ভবিষৎবাণী): The results of the experiment confirmed our predictions.

Diagnose / ˌdaɪəgˈnoʊs / (ˌডাইআˈ্‌নৌছ) v [to say exactly what illness or the cause of a problem is] (পরীক্ষা নিরিক্ষা করে সঠিক রোগ বলা): The test is used to diagnose a variety of diseases. The illness was diagnosed as cancer.

<NOUN> Diagnosis / ˌdaɪəgˈnoʊsɪs / (ˌডাইআˈ্‌নৌছিছ্‌) n [a judgment about what a particular illness or problem is, made after examining it(রোগনির্ণয়): We are waiting for the doctor’s diagnosis.

<ADJ> Diagnostic / ˌdaɪəgˈnɑːstɪk / (ˌডাইআˈ্‌নাছটিক্‌) adj [connected with identifying sth, especially an illness] (রোগনির্ণয় সম্পর্কিত): a specific condition which is diagnostic of AIDS.

Deadly / ˈdedli / (ˈডেডলি) adj [causing or likely to cause death](মারাত্মক; প্রানঘাতী): The Cobra is one of the world’s deadliest snakes.

<SYN> Lethal / ˈliːθl / (ˈীথ্‌ল্‌); Fatal

Survive / sərˈvaɪv / (ˈভা) v [to continue to live or exist] (বেঁচে/ টিকে থাকা): He is the last surviving member of the family.

Regret / rɪˈgret / (রিˈগ্রেট্‌) v [to feel sorry about sth you have done or about sth that you have not been able to do] (আক্ষেপ করা; আফসোস করা): I have had a nice life, I do not regret.

Contract / ˈkɑːntrækt / (ˈকান্‌ট্র্যাক্‌ট্‌) v [to get an illness] (রোগাক্রান্ত হওয়া): He contracted venereal disease.

Pneumonia / nuːˈmoʊniə / (নূˈমৌনি) n [a serious illness affecting one or both lung that makes breathing difficult] (ফুসফুসপ্রদাহ):

Threatening / ˈθretnɪŋ / (ˈ্রেট্‌নিং) adj [expressing a threat of harm or violence(ভয় প্রদর্শন; আশঙ্কাজনক): threatening behavior

<SYN> Menacing / ˈmenəsɪŋ / (ˈমেনছিং) adj [] (বিপদজনক)

<PHR> Life-threatening <adj> (জীবন মৃত্যৃর মাঝে)

Terminate / ˈtɜːrmɪneɪt / (ˈঠাঃর্মিনে) v [to end; to make sth end] (ইতি টানা; সমাপ্ত করা): The agreement was terminated immediately.

Remain / rɪˈmeɪn / (রিˈমেইন্‌) v [to be still in the same state or condition] (আবশিষ্ট/ বাকি থাকা): In spite of their quarrel, they remain the best of friends.

Tracheotomy ˌtreɪkiɑːtəmi / (ˌট্রেকিআটমি) n [a medical operation to cut a hole in sb’s trachea so that he can breathe] (শ্বাসনালীতে অস্ত্রোচার):

<IDM> Round the clock [=all day and night without stopping] (দিন রাত ২৪ ঘণ্টা): round the clock nursing care.

Speech / spiːtʃ / (স্পীচ্) n [the ability to speak] (বাকশক্তি): He seemed to have lost the power of speech.

Initially / ɪˈnɪʃəli / (ˈনিশলি) adv [at the beginning(প্রাথমিকভাবে): The death toll was initially reported at around 250, but was later revised to 300.

Method ˈmeθəd / (ˈেথ) n [a particular way of doing sth] (পদ্ধতি): a new method of solving the problem

<IDM>To this day [=until now] (এখন পর্যন্ত): To this day nobody knows what happened to him.

Adapt / əˈdæpt / (ˈড্যাপ্‌ট্‌) v [to change sth in order to make it suitable for a new use or situation(খাপ খাওয়ানো; অভিযোজিত করা): These styles can be adapted to suit individual tastes.

<SYN> Modify

Interpret / ɪnˈtɜːrprɪt / (ইনˈটার্প্রিট্‌) v [to translate one language into another as you hear it] (দোভাষী রুপে কাজ করা): We had to ask our guide to interpret for us.

<NOUN> Interpreter (=দোভাষী)

Stephen Hawking Cheats Doctor Algorithm Image

Nobel Laureate Stephen Hawking

Accent / ˈæksent / (ˈ্যাকছেন্‌ট্‌) v [a way of pronouncing the words of a language that shows which country, area or social class a person comes from(<বিভিন্ন অঞ্চলের ভাষার>টান): He is Asian but he speaks with an impeccable USA English accent.

<IDM> No/any longer [=in the past but not now(নির্দিষ্ট সময় পরে): He will not wait any longer. She no longer lives here.

Synthesizer ˈsɪnθəsaɪzər / (ˈছিনথছা) n [an electronic keyboard instrument which can reproduce and combine a large range of recorded sounds, often in order to copy other musical instruments or voices] ()

Section / ˈsekʃn / (ˈছেকশ্‌ন্‌) n [a separate part of a document, book, etc.(পর্ব; খণ্ড; ভাগ) : These issues will be discussed more fully in the next section.

<IDM> In/with regard to sb/sth [=concerning sb/sth] (সম্পর্কে; বিষয়ে): The company’s position with regard to overtime is made clear in their contracts.

Optimistic / ˌɑːptɪˈmɪstɪk / (আপটিমিছ্‌টিক্‌) adj [hopeful; believing those good things will happen in the future] (শুভবাদী বা আশাবাদী): He is not very optimistic about the outcome of the talks.

<SYN> Positive

<ANT> Pessimistic (= নিরাসাবাদী; দুঃখবাদী)

Race / reɪs / (রেছ্‌) n [a group of people who share the same language, history, culture, etc.(জাতিগোষ্টী; জনগষ্টী): She admired Africans as hardy and determined race.

The Human Race [=all people, considered together as a group( = মানব জাতি)

Puny / ˈpjuːni / (ˈফিউনি) adj [small and weak] (ক্ষুদ্র এবং দুর্বল): The lamb was a puny little thing.

<SYN> Feeble

Universe / ˈjuːnivɜːrs / (ˈউনিভা্‌র্স) n {the universe} [the whole of space and everything in it, including the earth, the planets, and the stars] (বিশ্ব; মহাবিশ্ব; বিশ্বব্রহ্মান্ড): theories of how the universe began

Disabled / dɪsˈeɪbld / (ডিছˈল্‌ড্‌) adj [unable to use a part of your body completely or easily because of a physical condition, illness, injury, etc.] (অক্ষম, বিশেষ অঙ্গচালনার শক্তি থেকে বঞ্চিত): He was born disabled.

Cosmic / ˈkɑːzmɪk / (ˈকাজমিক্‌) adj [connected with the whole universe(বিশ্বব্রহ্মান্ড সম্পর্কিত; মহাজাগতিক): Do you believe in a cosmic plan?

Significance / sɪgˈnɪfɪkəns / (ছিগˈনিফিকনছ্‌) n [the importance of sth, especially when this has an effect on what happens in the future(মানে; গুরুত্ব; তাৎপর্যপূর্ণ): The new drug has great significance for the treatment of the disease.

Archetype / ˈɑːrkitaɪp / (ˈআঃর্কিটাইপ্‌) n [the most typical or perfect example of a particular kind of person or thing] (আদিরূপ; মূল আদর্শ): He is the archetype of an Asian movie star.

Challenged / ˈtʃælɪndʒd / (ˈচ্যালেঞ্জ্‌ড্‌) adj [a polite way of referring to sb who has a disability of some sort(প্রতিবন্ধি): a competition for physically challenged athletes

<PHY> Physically challenged (= শারিরীক প্রতিবন্ধি)

<PHY> Politically correct (Abbr. PC) adj [used to describe language or behavior that deliberately tries to avoid offending particular groups of people] (রাজনৈতিক ভাবে সঠিক)

<IDM> At least [=not less than; more than] (কমপক্ষে; নিদানপক্ষে): It will cast at least 500$. He must be at least 50.



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