Emotional Malala Yousafzai | Necessary Vocabulary

Nobel peace winners Kailash Satyarthi (L) and Malala
Nobel Peace Prize Winners Kailash (L) and Malala 

Nobel peace winners Kailash Satyarthi (L) and Malala as they watch her blood-stained school uniform when she was shot by Taliban the opening of the Nobel Peace Prize exhibition at the Nobel Peace Center yesterday. Kailash consoled her. They are also joined Nobel peace winners.

The Daily Star       

Nobel laureate malala
Nobel Laureate Malala
They came from lands that had fought wars against each other, and still skirmish, an older man and a high school student divided by faith and generations; Kailash is a Hindu but Malala is a Muslim; Satyarthi (L) is 60, Yousafzai is 17. Ms. Malala became the youngest recipient of the price since it was first awarded in 1901.

Malala Yousafzai Nobel Peace Prize Speech

They came from lands that had fought wars against each other, and still skirmish, an older man and a high school student divided by faith and generations; Kailash is a Hindu but Malala is a Muslim; Satyarthi (L) is 60, Yousafzai is 17. Ms. Malala became the youngest recipient of the price since it was first awarded in 1901.

Yousafzai added: “Why is it that countries which we call so strong and so powerful in creating wars but so weak bringing peace? Why is it that giving guns is so easy but giving books is so hard?
She said more, “When she first moved to England, she found the clothing on other women so skimpy that she wondered if there was a national fabric shortage. She wears a standard British uniform to school each day green sweater, striped shirt, tights – but adds a longer skit and a headscarf for modesty. She still goes to a therapy session to regain the use of her facial muscles, she wrote in her book and tries not to dwell on the operations she may need in the future. She has grown to love cupcakes. But does not hide the fact that she and her family find England cold and isolating.” 

Topic Related Necessary Vocabulary Notes                                                                         


Emotion / ɪˈmoʊʃn / (ˈমোশ্‌ন্‌) n [a strong feeling such as love or anger, or strong feelings in general] (আবেগ; অনুভূতি): The decision was based on emotion rather than rational thought. She showed no emotion at the verdict.

  <ADJ> Emotional / ɪˈmoʊʃnl / (ˈমোশনল্‌) adj [causing people to feel strong emotions] (আবেগআপ্লুত; আবেগপ্রবণ): This is a very emotional time for me.

<SYN> Emotive 

Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize

Nobel Prize / noʊˌbel ˈpraɪz / (নৌˌবেল ˈপ্রাইজ) n [one of the six international prizes which are given each year to people who make important discoveries or progress in medicine, chemistry, physics, economics, literature, and peace]

Note: The first Nobel Prize was awarded in 1901 to Frederic (France; for Peace) and Henry Dunant (Switzerland; for Peace, Henry also Founder of the Red Cross).

Win / wɪn / (উইন্‌) v {Pt. Pp. Won / wʌn / (ওআন)} (জয় লাভ করা): President Reagan was expected to win by a landslide. Germany won by seven goals to one against Brazil.

Watch / wɑːtʃ / (ওআঃচ্‌) v {Pt. Pp. watched / wɑːtʃt / (আঃচট্‌)} [to look Sb/Sth for a time, paying attention to what happens] (<মনোযোগ দিয়ে>দেখা; লক্ষ রাখা): We watched to see what would happen next. To watch television/a football game

Stain / steɪn / (স্টে) v {Pt. Pp. stained / steɪnd / (স্টেনড্‌)} [to leave a mark on something which is difficult to remove] (রজ্ঞিত করা; বিবর্ণ করা): The juice from the berries stained their fingers red.
    <SYN>    Mark
<PHA> Blood stained= (রক্তমাখা, রক্তাক্ত).

<NOUN> Stain / steɪn / (স্টে) n [a dirty mark on sth that is difficult to remove] (<কঠিন>দাগ): How can I get this stain out?  
Shoot / ʃuːt / (শূট্‌) v {Pt. Pp. shot / ʃɑːt / (শাঃট্‌)} [to fire a bullet or an arrow, or to hit, injure or kill a person or animal by firing a bullet or arrow at them] (<বন্দুক ইত্যাদি দিয়ে>গুলি ছোঁড়া; <তীর>ছোঁড়া): A man was shot in the leg. The troops were told to kill. He shot an arrow from his bow.

Exhibit / ɪgˈzɪbɪt / (ইগ্‌ˈজিবিট) v {Pt. Pp. exhibited / ɪgˈzɪbɪtɪd / ()} [to show Sth in a public place for people to enjoy or to give them information] (জনসমক্ষে বিক্রয়, প্রতিযোগিতা, আনন্দ ইত্যাদির জন্য প্রদর্শন করা): They will be exhibiting their new designs at trade fairs.
<SYN> Display

Exhibition /ˌeksɪˈbɪʃn / (ˌএক্‌ছিˈবিশন) n (প্রদর্শন; প্রদর্শনী): There is a new exhibition of the sculpture] on at the town gallery.


Console / kənˈsoʊl / (ˈছৌল্‌) v {Pt. Pp. consoled / kənˈsoʊld / (ˈনছৌল্ড্‌)} [to give comfort or sympathy to Sb who is unhappy or disappointed] (সান্ত্বনা দেওয়া; সহানুভূতি জানানো): He put a consoling arm around his shoulders. “Never mind”, Ann consoled him.
<SYN> Comfort

Land / lænd / (ল্যান্ড্‌) n [used to refer to a country or region in a way which appeals to the emotions or the imagination] (দেশ): She longed to return to her native land.

Skirmish / ˈskɜːmiʃ / (ˈস্কা্‌র্মিশ্‌) n [a short fight between small groups of soldiers etc. especially one that is not planned] (বিচ্ছিন্ন লড়াই): Several people were killed in skirmishes during the night.

Faith / feɪθ / (ফেথ্‌) n [a particular religion] (ধর্ম): the Muslim/Christian/Jewish//Buddhist faith
Ms. / mɪz / (মিজ্‌) n [a title used before the family name or the full name of a woman, whether she is married or not] (বিবাহিত বা অবিবাহিত স্ত্রীলোকের নামের আগে যুক্ত খেতাব): Ms. Rebecca Williams.
Miss / mɪs / (মিছ্) n 1. [used before the family name, of a woman who is not married, or used especially by men to address (সম্বোধন) a young woman when they do not know her name] (অবিবাহিত মেয়ে অথবা নাম না জানা তরুণীকে সম্মোধন করা):  That is all, thank you, Miss Susan.
2. Miss [= a title was given to the winner of a beauty contest in a particular country, town, etc.] (রুপের প্রতিযোগিতায় বিজয়িনী তরুনীর খেতাব): Miss Rangpur. The Miss World contest. 

Mrs. / ˈmɪsɪz / (ˈমিছিজ্‌) n [a title that comes before a married woman’s family name or before her first and family names together] (বিবাহিতা স্রীলোকের পারিবারিক নামের আগে যুক্ত খেতাব; বেগম; শ্রীমতী): Mr. and Mrs. Hill
Mister / ˈmistər / (ˈমিছটর্‌) n
<Abbreviation> Mr. / ˈmistər / (ˈমিছটর্‌) n 1. [a title that comes before a man’s family name] (পুরুষের পারিবারিক নামের আগে যুক্ত খেতাব; জনাব; শ্রী): Mr. and Mrs. Mount
2. [a title used to address a man in some official positions](অফিস খেতাব হিসাবে ব্যবহৃত হয়): Thank you very much Mr. Chairman and Mr. President.
3. [used, especially by children, to address a man whose name they do not know] (নাম না জানা কোনো পুরুষ এর ক্ষেত্রে): Please, mister, can we have our ball back?
Recipient / rɪˈsɪpiənt / (রিছিপিন্ট্‌) n [a person who receives something] (গ্রহীতা; প্রাপক): He was a worthy recipient of the Nobel Prize.
Award / əˈwɔːrd / (ˈওআঃর্ড্‌) n [a prize or a sum of money that is given to someone following an official decision] (পুরষ্কার): He was nominated for the best actor award.
<VERB> Award / əˈwɔːrd / (ˈওআঃর্ড্) v {Pt. Pp. awarded / əˈwɔːrdɪd / (ˈওআঃর্ডিড্‌)} [to make an official decision to give Sth to Sb as a payment, prize, etc.] (<পুরষ্কার ইত্যাদিতে>ভূষিত করা): Raju was awarded first prize in the essay competition.
Add / æd / (এ্যাড্‌) v {Pt. Pp. added / ædɪd / (এ্যাডিড্‌)} [to say Sth more; to make a further remark] (রো কিছু বলা; <কথার মাঝে>কিছু যোগ করা): He added that they would return a weak later.
Laureate / ˈlɔːriət / (ˈলোরিট্‌) n [a person who has been given a very high an official honor or prize, something important they have achieved] (<সম্মান বা মর্যাদার স্বীকৃতি হিসাবে>বিজয়ী): a Nobel laureate Prof Yunus.
Achieve / əˈtʃiːv / (ˈচীভ্‌) v {Pt. Pp. achieved / əˈtʃiːvd / (ˈচীভ্‌ড্‌)} [to succeed in reaching a particular goal, status or standard, especially by making an effort for a long time] (র্জন করা; সফল হওয়া): She finally achieved her ambition to visit South America.  
Move / muːv / (মূভ্) v {Pt. Pp. moved / muːvd / (মূভ্ড্‌)} [to change the place where you live, have your work, etc.] (<নিজ অবস্থান ছেড়ে>নতুন কোথাও যাওয়া): The Company is moving to Scotland.


Cloth / klɔːθ / (ক্লোথ্) n [material made by weaving or knitting cotton, wool, silk, etc.] (<সূতা, পশম, রেশম প্রভৃতিতে তৈরি> কাপড়; বস্ত্র): He works in a cloth trade.
<SYN> Fabric

<VERB> Clothe / kloʊð / (ক্লৌদ) v [to dress Sb/yourself] (পোশাক পরানো): She clothed her baby in the latest fashions.

Clothing / ˈkloʊðɪŋ / (ˈক্লৌদিং) n [clothes, especially a particular type of clothes] (আবরণ; পোশাক পরিচ্ছদ): Please make sure you bring warm clothing.

<SYN> Garment

Woman / ˈwʊmən / (ˈ) n [an adult female human] (নারী): I prefer to see a women doctor. A career woman; a country women (=পল্লীরমণী)
    <Plural> Women / ˈwɪmɪn / (ˈমিন)

Skimpy / ˈskɪpi / (স্কিম্‌প) adj [(of clothes) very small and not covering much of body] (<পোশাক আসাক স ম্পন্ধে>আটঁসাটঁ): a skimpy dress (=আটোসাটো পোশাক)

Wonder / ˈwʌndər / (ˈওআনড) v {Pt. Pp. wondered / ˈwʌndərd / (ˈওআনডড্‌)} 1. [to think about sth and try to decide what is true, what will happen, what you should do, etc.](<কোনোকিছু নিয়ে>নিজেকে প্রশ্ন করা): I wondered who he is. (=তিনি কে হতে পারেন মনেমনে ভেবেছিলাম). I wonder why he left his job.

2. [to be very surprised by Sth](বিস্মিত হওয়া; বিস্ময় অনুভব করা): It is not to be wondered at. I do not wonder at his going back on his word. He wonders at his own stupidity.

<NOUN> Wonder / ˈwʌndər / (ˈওআনড) n [something that fills you with surprise and admiration] (বিস্ময়): the Seven Wonders of the World(=the seven most impressive structures of the ancient word). What a wonder (=কি অবাক কাণ্ড; কী আশ্চর্য!).
  <SYN> Awe; Marvel

<IDM> No/little/small wonder (that) [=it is not surprising] (এতে অবাক হবার কিছু/এমন কিছু নেই যে): It is little wonder (that) he was so upset. No wonder you are tired, you have been walking for hours. It is a wonder (that) [= it is surprising or strange] (বিস্ময়ের কথা যে): It is a wonder (that) more people were not hurt.

<ADJ> Wonderful / ˈwʌndərfl / (ˈওআনডরফ্‌ল) adj [very good, pleasant or enjoyable] (বিস্ময়কর; অদ্ভুত; অপূর্ব): We were having a wonderful time. The weather was absolutely wonderful.
      <SYN> Lovely

Fabric / ˈfæbrɪk / (ˈফ্যাব্‌রিক্‌) n [<a type of>cloth or woven material] (বস্ত্র): Woolen fabric.

<SYN> Cloth

Wear / wər / (ওএর্) v {Pt. wore / wɔːr / (ওয়ার্); Pp. worn / wɔːrn / (ওয়ার্ন্)} [to have clothing, hats, jewelry, hair, etc. on your body] (পরিধান করা; পড়া): She never wears make-up. Do I have to wear a tie? He always wears black.

Stripe / straɪp / (স্ট্রা) n [a long narrow line of color that is a different color from the areas next to it] (ডোরা): a zebra’s black and white stripes. She wore a red shirt with white stripes.

<ADJ> Striped / straɪpt / (ডোরাকাটা) adj: a green and gray striped jacket.

Tight / taɪt / (ঠা) n [held or fixed in position firmly; difficult to move or undo] (কষা; কড়া; শক্ত; দৃঢ়): He kept a tight grip on her arm. She twisted her hair into a tight knot. The screw was so tight it would not move.

<ANT> Loose


Modesty / ˈmɑːdəsti / (ˈমডিস্‌টি) n 1. [the action of behaving or dressing so that you do not show your body or attract sexual attention] (পর্দা): I wore a towel to preserve my modesty.
2. [the fact of not talking much about your abilities or possessions] (বিনয়ী; নিরাভিমান): She accepted the award with characteristic modesty. I hate false modesty.

<PHY> in all modesty (=এতোটুকু অহঙ্কর না করে; আত্যন্ত বিনয়ের সঙ্গে)

Therapy / ˈθerəpi / (ˈথেরপি) n [the treatment of a physical problem or an illness] (চিকিৎসা): Most leukemia patients undergo some sort of drug therapy. 
Psychotherapy.   Radiotherapy; Speech therapy.

session therapy
 Therapy Session
Session / ˈseʃn / (ˈছেশন) n 1. [a period of time or meeting arranged for a particular activity] (সভা; বৈঠক): He has a weekly session at the health club on Saturday. The committee met in closed session (=with nobody else present).

 2. [a school or university] (শিক্ষাবর্ষ): The session begins on 1 October.

Regain / rɪˈgeɪn / (রিˈগেন্‌) v {Pt. Pp. regained / rɪˈgeɪnd / ()} [to get back Sth you no longer have, especially an ability or a quality] (ফিরে পাওয়া; পুনরাধিকার করা): He struggled to regain some dignity. The league regained control of the region.

Facial / ˈfeɪʃl / (ˈফেশ্‌ল্‌) adj [connected with a person’s face] (মুখ সম্পর্কিত বা মুখের জন্য): a facial expression

Dwell / dwel / (ডুয়েল) v [to live somewhere] (বাস করা): They dwelt in a cottage on the mount side.

<PHR> dwell on/upon Sth [to keep thinking or talking about something, especially something bad] (কোনোকিছু নিয়ে চিন্তাভাবনা করা): So you made a mistake, but there is no need to dwell on it.

<PHR> Grow to do Sth [to gradually begin to do Sth] (স্তে আস্তে কোনোকিছু করতে শুরু করা/অভ্যাসে পরিণত হওয়া): I have grown to love her over the months.

Cupcake / ˈkʌpkeɪk / (ˈকাপকেক্) n [a small cake, baked in a paper container shaped like a cup and often with icing on top] (কাপকেক):

Hide / haɪd / (হাড্) v {Pt. hid / hɪd / (হিড্); Pp. hidden / ˈhɪdn / (ˈহিড্ন্)} [to put or keep Sb/Sth in a place where they/it cannot be seen or found] (লুকানো; লুকিয়ে রাখা): They hid me from the police in their attic. She used to hide her diary under her pillow.

Find / faɪnd / (ফান্ড্) v {Pt. Pp. found / faʊnd / (ফান্ড্)} [to discover Sb/Sth/yourself doing Sth or in a particular situation, especially when this is unexpected] (<আপ্রত্যাশিত কোনোকিছু>পাওয়া/খুজে পাওয়া): He woke up and found herself in a hospital bed.

Isolate / ˈaɪsəleɪt / (ˈলে) v [to separate sb/sth physically or socially from other people or things] (পৃথক/বিচ্ছিন্ন করা): She was immediately isolated from the other prisoners.

<ADJ> Isolating / ˈaɪsəleɪtɪŋ / (ˈলেটিং) adj (নিঃসঙ্গতা; বিচ্ছিন্নতা; একাকীত্ব)  

Noted From GoogleGoogle Image; Wikipedia; Oxford & Cambridge Dictionary 

No comments

Powered by Blogger.