Learn about English Confused Word “Scale” with Necessary Vocabulary Note

scale, weighing scale
1. Scale

Scale / skeɪl / (স্কেল্‌) n 1. {UK scales} [an instrument or a device for weighing people or things] (দাঁড়িপাল্লা; নিক্তি): Please give me a weighing scales with metric weights. Bathroom/kitchen scales  

Necessary Vocabulary Note

Ø Weigh / weɪ / (ওএ) v {Pt. Pp. weighed / weɪd / (ওএড্‌)} [to measure how heavy Sb/Sth is, usually by using scales] (ওজন করা; মাপা; ভার নির্ণয় করা): He weighed the fish in his hands. Your luggage must be weighed before it is put on the aircraft. She weighs 60 kilos. How much do you weigh (=how heavy are you)?

metric weight
Metric Weight
Weight / weɪt / (ওএট্‌) n [a piece of metal of known heaviness which can be used to measure the heaviness of other objects] (<কোনোকিছু ওজন করা বা মাপার>শিল বা পাথর; বাটখারা): imperial/metric weight

Ø Metric / ˈmetrɪk / (ˈমেট্রিক্‌) adj [using or relating to a system of measurement that uses meters, centimeters, liters etc.] (মিটার সম্পর্কিত): The recipe is given in both metric and imperial measures.

Ø Imperial / ɪmˈpɪriəl / (ˈপিরিল্‌) adj [describes a system of measurement that uses units such as inches, miles, and pints] (ওজন ও মাপ সম্বন্ধিয়): Imperial units have in many cases been replaced by metric in Britain. 

scale, fish scale, reptile scale
2. Scale
2. Scale / skeɪl / (স্কেল্‌) n [one of the many very small flat pieces which cover the skin of fishes, snakes, reptiles, etc.] (<মাছ, সাপ, ও সরীসৃপ এর>আঁশ; আইশ বা শল্কা): The animal was a python with great purple and green scales.

Scale / skeɪl / (স্কেল্‌) v {Pt. Pp. scaled / skeɪld / (স্কেল্‌ড্‌)} [to remove the small flat pieces of skin from a fish] (মাছের আঁশ ছাড়ানো):

Ø Flat / flæt / (ফ্ল্যাট্‌) adj 1. [level and smooth, with no curved, high, or hollow parts] (সমতল, চেপ্টা ও মসৃণ): Roll out the pastry on a flat surface.

2. Flat
2. Flat / flæt / (ফ্ল্যাট্‌) n {US apartment} [a set of rooms for living in, including a kitchen, usually on one floor of a building] (<একই তলায় বসার ও শোবার ঘর, রান্নাঘর ইত্যাদি সহ>বাসস্থান; ফ্ল্যাট): They have a house in the country and a flat in London. Do you live in a flat or a house?  

flats shoes
3. Flats
3. Flats / flæts / (ফ্ল্যাটছ্‌) n [women’s shoes without high heels] (<মেয়েদের>সমতল জুতা; ফ্ল্যাটস): I feel more comfortable in flats. A pair of flats

Ø Purple / ˈpɜːrpl / (ˈপা্‌র্পল্‌) adj [having the color of blue and red mixed together] (লাল ও নীলের মিশ্রণে সৃষ্ট রং; রক্তবর্ণ): His face was purple with rage. A dark purple bruise. 

scale, teeth scale
3. Scale
3. Scale / skeɪl / (স্কেল্‌) n [a hard substance that forms on teeth, especially when they are not cleaned regularly] (দন্তমল): Remove scale by brushing your teeth regularly.


Scale / skeɪl / (স্কেল্‌) v {~Sth} [to remove tartar and plaque from the teeth by scraping] (<দাঁতের ডাক্তার দ্বারা দাঁত>পরিষ্কার করা বা স্কেলিং করানো): The dentist scaled and polished my teeth.

Ø Form / fɔːrm / (ফোর্ম্‌) v {Pt. Pp. formed / fɔːrmd / (ফোর্মড্‌)} [(especially of natural things) to begin to exist or to make something begin to exist] (গড়ে ওঠা; গঠিত হওয়া): Storm clouds are forming on the horizon. Flowers appeared, but fruits failed to form.

Ø Tartar / ˈtɑːrtər / (ˈটাঃর্টর্‌) n [a hard substance that forms on teeth] (দাঁতের ছাতা বা দন্তছাতা): a build-up tartar

1. Plaque
Ø Plaque / plæk / (প্ল্যাক্‌) n 1. [a soft substance that forms on teeth and encourages the growth of harmful bacteria] (দন্তমল): Remove plaque by brushing your teeth regularly.

2. Plaque
2. Plaque / plæk / (প্ল্যাক্‌) n [a flat piece of metal, stone, wood or plastic, usually with a name and dates on, attached to a door or wall, in memory of a person or an event] (নামফলক): A bronze plaque marks the house where the poet was born.

Ø Scrape / skreɪp / (স্ক্রেপ্‌) v {Pt. Pp. scraped / skreɪpt / (স্ক্রেপ্ট্‌)} [to remove an unwanted covering or a top layer from something, especially using a sharp edge or something rough] (<ধারালো বা শক্ত কিছুদিয়ে>ঘষে পরিষ্কার/মসৃণ করা; চাঁছা বা চেঁছে তুলে ফেলা): We scraped away the top layer of wallpaper.

1. Polish
Ø Polish / ˈpɑːlɪʃ / (ˈপাঃলিশ্‌) v {Pt. Pp. polished / ˈpɑːlɪʃt / (ˈপাঃলিশ্‌ট্‌)} 1. [to rub something using a piece of cloth, rag or brush to clean it and make it shine] (পালিছ/উজ্জ্বলিত করা; ঘষামাজা করা): Polish shoes regularly to protect the leather.

2. Polish

2. Polish / ˈpoʊlɪʃ / (ˈপৌলিশ্‌) n [of or relating to Poland, its inhabitants, or their language] (পোল্যান্ড বা পোল্যান্ড সম্বন্ধীয়): The most difficult discussions centered on the Polish government and Poland’s frontiers.   

4. Scale
4. Scale / skeɪl / (স্কেল্‌) v [to climb up a steep surface, such as a wall or the side of a mountain, often special tool] (<দেয়াল, পর্বতপৃষ্ঠ ইত্যাদি>বেয়ে ওঠা; আরোহন করা): He somehow managed to scale the sheer outside wall of the tower. The prisoner scaled the high prison wall and ran off.  

Ø Climb / klaɪm / (ক্লাম্‌) v {Pt. Pp. climbed / klaɪmd / (ক্লামড্‌)} [to go up, or to go towards the top of something] (আরোহণ করা; কোনোকিছু বেয়ে ওঠা বা নামা): He climbed slowly up the ladder.

Ø Steep / stiːp / (স্টীপ্‌) adj [(of a slop, hill, etc.) rising or falling at a sharp angle] (ঢালু বা খাড়া হয়ে উঠেছে এমন): The castle is set on a steep hill/hillside.

Ø Sheer / ʃɪr / (শির্‌) adj [extremely steep; almost vertical] (খাড়া; ঋজু): Outside there was a sheer drop down to the sea below.

Ø Run off (phrasal verb) [to leave somewhere or someone suddenly] (পালিয়ে যাওয়া): My wife has run off with another man.

5. Scale
5. Scale / skeɪl / (স্কেল্‌) n [a series of musical notes moving upwards or downwards with fixed intervals between each note, especially a series of eight starting on a particular note] (<সঙ্গীতে>ওজোনের ক্রমানুসারে বিন্যাস্ত সুরপরমপরা; গ্রাম): You must practice your scales every day. To practice scales on the piano. The scale of C major. 

scale, limescale
6. Scale
6. Scale / skeɪl / (স্কেল্‌) n {UK limescale} [a hard greyish-white layer of a substance that collects inside water pipes, kettles etc. for heating water] (<পানির পাইপে জমা>পাতলা তবক; গাদ; রাস্ট):  

Ø Collect / kəˈlekt / (ˈলেক্ট্‌) v {Pt. Pp. collected / kəˈlektɪd / (ˈলেক্টিড্‌)} [to gradually increase in amount in a place; to gradually obtain more and more of Sth in a place] (জমা হওয়া; একত্র হওয়া): Dirt had collected in the corners of the room.


Ø Kettle / ˈketl / (ˈকেটল্‌) n [a covered metal container with a handle and a spout, and a shaped opening for pouring used for boiling water] (কেতলি): The kettle started to sing.  

7. Scale
7. Scale / skeɪl / (স্কেল্‌) n [the relation between the real size of something and its size on a map, model or diagram] (কোনো বস্তুর সত্যিকার আকার-পরিমান এবং ঐ বস্তুর মানচিত্র, নকশা ইত্যাদির মধ্যে অনুপাত): This map is large scale (=things are shown in detail). He was building a scale model of Concorde. 

8. Scale / skeɪl / (স্কেল্‌) n [the size or level of something, especially when this is large] (আকার; মাপনী; স্তর): We do not yet know the scale of the problem. Here was corruption on a grand scale. Do they always entertain on such a lavish scale?  

1. Full-scale / fʊl-skeɪl / (ফুল-স্কেল্‌) adj [describes a model of the same size as the original thing] (<অঙ্কন, পরিকল্পনা সম্বন্ধে>বিষয়বস্তুর সমান মাপের; সমমাপের): a full-scale model of dinosaurs

2. Full-scale {only before noun} [complete or using all available methods, equipment, money, etc.] (সম্পূর্ণরুপে; পূর্ণাঙ্গরুপে): The police made a full-scale search of the area. A full-scale attack

Large-scale / lɑːrdʒ- skeɪl / (লাঃর্জ- স্কেল্‌) adj [involving many people or things, especially over a wide area] (বড়োমাপের; বিরাট পরিসরের): large-scale development. A large-scale investigation

Small-scale [(of an organization, activity, etc.) not large in size or extent; limited in what it does] (অল্প-মাপের; ছোট পরিসরে): small-scale farming

Ø Grand / grænd / (গ্র্যান্ড্‌) adj [impressive and large or important] (সর্ব্বোচ্চ; প্রধান): They always entertain their guests in grand style.

Ø Lavish / ˈlævɪʃ / (ˈল্যাভিশ্‌) adj [large in amount, or impressive, and usually cost a lot of money] (অপব্যয়ী; অমিতব্যয়ী): They lived a very lavish lifestyle.

Extravagant; Luxurious

9. Scale / skeɪl / (স্কেল্‌) n [a range of levels or numbers used for measuring Sth] (স্তর বা ক্রম-বিন্যাস; সোপান): The salary scale goes from £2,000 to £10,000.

the Richter Scale [a system used to measure the strength of an earthquake] (ভূকম্পন-মাপক যন্ত্র; রিক্টারস্কেল): The earthquake in Mexico City registered 7.1 on the Richter scale.

Timescale / ˈtaɪmskeɪl / (ˈটাম্‌ স্কেল্‌) n [the period of time that it takes for Sth to happen or be completed] (সুনির্দিষ্ট সময় সূচি): We hope the negotiations will be completed within a six-month timescale.

Ø Earthquake / ˈɜːrθkweɪk / (ˈআর্থকোএক্‌) n [a sudden violent movement of the Earth’s surface, sometimes causing great damage] (ভূমিকম্প): In 1906 an earthquake destroyed much of San Francisco.

Quake / kweɪk / (কোএক্‌) v [(of the earth or a building to move or shake violently)] (<মাটি, বিল্ডিং ইত্যাদি>কেঁপে ওঠা): The ground quaked as the bomb exploded.    

                                                          Noted from Google Image, Oxford and Cambridge Dictionary  


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