Header Ads

Learn 28 Domestic/Farm Animals Name | Relevant Necessary Vocabulary [English Meaning & Image]

Domestic/Farm Animals 

 Domestic / dəˈmestɪk / (ˈমেছটিক্‌) adj [(of animals) kept on farms or pets; not wild] (<জীবজন্তু সম্পর্কে> গৃহপালিত; পোষা):

Necessary Vocabulary

Ø <VERB> Domesticate / dəˈmestɪkeɪt / (ˈমেছটিকেট্‌) v {Pt. Pp. domesticated / dəˈmestɪkeɪtɪd / (ˈমেছটিকেটিড্‌)} [to bring a wild animals or plants under human control in order to provide food, working for humans, and companionship] (<জীবজন্তু সম্পর্কে > পোষ মানানো): Dogs were probably the first animals to be domesticated.

Ø Animal / ˈænɪml / (ˈএ্যানিম্‌ল্‌) n [a creature that is not a bird, a fish, a reptile, and insect or human] (প্রাণী): This animals can be trained to follow simple orders.

Ø Farm / fɑːrm / (ফা:র্ম) n [an area of land, and the buildings on it, used for growing crops and/or keeping animals as a business] (খামার): Farm incomes rose 11% last year. To live/work on a farm

Ø Pet / pet / (পেট্‌) n [an animal, a bird, etc. that you have at home for pleasure<আনন্দ>, rather than one that is kept for work or food] (পোষা প্রাণী): The apartment we live in doesn’t allow pets of any kind.

Ø Wild / waɪld / (ওআল্‌ড্‌) adj [living or growing in natural conditions; not kept in a house or on a farm] (বন্য, বুনো): The flowers grow, wild in the mountains.

Cattle / ˈkætl / (ˈক্যাটল্‌) n [large farm animals, cows and bulls that are kept in a farm for their milk or meat. They are raised as livestock for beef, as dairy animals for milk and other dairy products, and as draught animals, oxen or bullocks that pull carts, ploughs and other implements. Other products include leather and dung for manure or fuel. It is thought that around<প্রায়> 18% of the greenhouse gases that are currently being released into the atmosphere are coming from cattle. This is due to the methane that cattle expel through burping and flatulence. There are about 1.3 billion cattle in the world] (গরু): Cattle were first domesticated in Neolithic times. Cattle grazing in the fields.

Necessary Vocabulary

Ø Raise / reɪz / (রেজ্‌) v {Pt. Pp. raised / reɪzd / (রেজ্‌ড্‌)} [to breed particular farm animals or to grow particular crops, until they are completely grown] (বংশবৃদ্ধি ও লালনপালন করা): The farmer raises (=breeds) chickens and pigs.
<SYN> Breed

Ø Livestock / ˈlaɪvstɑːk / (ˈলাভ্‌স্টাঃক্‌) n [the animals kept on a farm, for example cows, sheep, birds and chickens] (খামারে পালিত পশুপাখি যেমন, গরু, ছাগল, হাসমুরগী ইত্যাদি):

Ø Beef / biːf / (বীফ্‌) n [the flesh<কাঁচামাংস> of cattle, which is eaten] (গো-মাংস; গরুর মাংস): Dad stood up to carve<(রান্নার মাংস) টুকরা টুকরা করা> the beef.  

Ø Dairy / ˈderi / (ˈডেরি) n {Plu. dairies} [a place on a farm where milk is kept and where butter and cheese are made] (যে ভবনে দুগ্ধ সংরক্ষন এবং বাটার ও চিজ উৎপাদন হয়; গব্যশালা)

Ø Draught / drɑːft / (ড্রাঃফ্‌ট্‌) adj [(of animals) used for pulling heavy loads<বোঝা>, vehicles, etc.] (<প্রাণী সম্বন্ধে> গাড়ি ইত্যদি টানার কাজে ব্যবহৃত পশু):

Ø Cart / kɑːrt / (কাঃরট্‌) n [a vehicle with two or four wheels that is pulled by horse/cattle and used for carrying goods] (ঘোড়া বা গরুর গাড়ি; এক্কা): he brought the vegetables in an ox cart. A cattle and cart

Ø Plough / plaʊ / (প্লা) n {US plow} [a large farming equipment with one or several blades, pulled by a tractor or by animals] (লাঙ্গল): Plough is used for digging and turning over soil, especially before seeds are planted.

Ø Implement / ˈɪmplɪmənt / (ˈম্‌প্লিমনট্‌) n [a tool or an instrument, often one that is quite simple and that is used outdoors] (হাতিয়ার): Garden/ household/ agricultural implement

Ø Include / ɪnkluːd / (ন্‌ক্লূড্‌) v {Pt. Pp. included / ɪnkluːdɪd / (ন্‌ক্লূডিড্‌)} [to contain something as a part of something else, or to make something part of something else] (অন্তর্ভুক্ত করা; -সহ): Does the price include tax?

Ø Dung / dʌŋ / (ডাং) n [solid waste from animals, especially cattle and horses or large one] (গবর বা পশুর মল): Cattle dung

Ø Manure / məˈnʊr / (ˈনুর্‌) n [the waste matter from animals that is spread over or mixed with the soil to help plants and crops grow] (সার): Dig plenty of well-rotted manure into the soil.

Ø Greenhouse gas / ˈgriːnhaʊs gæs / (ˈগ্রীন্‌হাউছ্‌ গ্যাছ্‌) n [any of the gases that are thought to cause the greenhouse effect, especially carbon dioxide] (পৃথিবীর জন্য ক্ষতিকারক গ্যাস):

Ø Atmosphere / ˈætməsfɪr / (ˈএ্যাট্‌মছফির্‌) n [the mixture of the gases that surrounds the earth] (বায়ুমণ্ডল; আবহমণ্ডল): Pollution of the atmosphere

Ø Methane / ˈmeθeɪn / (ˈমেথেন্‌) n {Symb. CH4} [a gas without color or smell that burns easily and is used as fuel. Natural fuel gas consists mainly of methane] (বর্ণহীন, গন্ধহীন দাহ্য গ্যাসবিশেষ; মিথেন গ্যাস):  

Ø Expel / ɪkˈspel / (ˈছ্‌পেল্‌) v {Pt. Pp. expelled / ɪkˈspeld / (ˈছ্‌পেল্‌ড্‌)} [to force air or liquid out of a part of the body or from a container] (নির্গত করা; বিচ্ছুরিত করা): When we breathe out we expel air from our lungs.

Ø Burp / bɜːrp / (বা্‌র্প্‌) v [to let out air from the stomach through the mouth, making a noise] (ঢেকুর তোলা):

Ø Flatulence / ˈflætʃələns / (ˈফ্ল্যাচন্‌ছ্‌) n [gas in the stomach and bowels] (পেট ফাপা; পেটের গ্যাস): Eating beans can cause flatulence.

Ø Neolithic / ˌniːəˈlɪθɪk / (ˌনীˈলিথিক্‌) adj [belonging to the period when humans used tools and weapons made of stone and had just developed farming] (নব্য প্রস্তুরযুগীয়): The Neolithic period is sometimes called the new stone age.

Ø Graze / greɪz / (গ্রেজ্‌) v {Pt. Pp. grazed / greɪzd / (গ্রেজ্‌ড্‌)} [(of cattle, sheep, etc.) to eat grass that is growing in a field] (ঘাস খাওয়া): The field had been grazed by sheep.

Necessary Vocabulary

Bull / bʊl / (বুল্‌) n [a bull is an intact (i. e., not castrated) adult male of any animal in the cattle family. The female counterpart to a bull is a cow, while a male of the species which has been castrated is a steer, ox or bullock. Bulls are much more muscular than cows, with thicker bones, large feet, a very muscular neck, and a large, bony head with protective ridges over the eyes.

The word “bull” also denote the males of other bovines, including bison, and water buffalo and as well as many other species of large animals, including elephants, camels, elk, moose and whales] (ষাঁড়; বৃষ): If you want to believe all that bull it’s up to you.

Necessary Vocabulary

Ø Intact / ɪnˈtækt / (ˈট্যাক্‌ট্‌) adj [complete and in the original state] (অক্ষত; অক্ষুণ্ণ): Most of the house remains intact even after two hundred years.
  <SYN> Undamaged 

Ø Castrate / ˈkæstreɪt / (ˈক্যাছট্রেট্‌) v {Pt. Pp. castrated / ˈkæstreɪtɪd / (ক্যাছট্রেটিড্‌)} [to remove the testicles<অণ্ডকোষ> of a male animal or human] (<পুরুষ জাতীয় প্রাণীকে> খোঁজা বা খাসি করা):

Ø Counterpart / ˈkaʊntərpɑːrt / (ˈকানটর্‌পাঃর্ট্‌) n [a person or thing that has the same position or function as Sb/Sth else in a different place or situation] (প্রতিপক্ষ): The Prime Minister is to meet his European counterparts to discuss the war against drugs.
     <SYN> Opposite number

Ø Bony / ˈboʊni / (ˈবৌনি) adj [(part of the body) very thin so that the bones can be seen under the skin] (অস্থিসার; কৃশ) a tall bony man

Ø Protective / prəˈtektɪv / (প্রˈটেক্‌টিভ্‌) adj [providing or intended to provide protection] (নিরাপত্তামূলক্‌): Workers should wear full protective clothing.

Ø Denote / dɪˈnoʊt / (ডিˈনৌট্‌) v [to represent something] (<কোনোকিছু> প্রতিক হওয়া; নির্দেশ করা): The color red is used to denote passion or danger.
    <SYN> Represent

Ø Bovine / ˈboʊvaɪn / (ˈবৌভান্‌) adj [connected with cattle] (গবাদি পশু সংক্রান্ত): bovine diseases

Cow / kaʊ / (ক্যাউ) n [1. A large female farm animals are raised in many different countries around the world, mainly for the cow natural resources such as milk, meat and leather. In India the cow is seen as a sacred animal. Large female adult mammals such as elephants, whales and seals are also called cow] (গাভী; গাই): I have a cow and two heifer.

Ø Heifer / ˈhefər / (ˈহেফর্‌) n [a young female cow, especially one that has not yet given birth to a calf] (বকনাবাছুর):

Ø Sacred / ˈseɪkrɪd / (ˈছেকরিড্‌) adj [considered to be holy and deserving respect, especially because of a connection with a god] (পূত; পবিত্র; পূজনীয়): Cows are sacred to Hindus.

Ox / ɑːks / (আঃকছ্‌) n {Plu. oxen} [an ox also known as a bullock in Australia and India is a bovine trained as a draught animal. A bull (= a male cattle) that has been castrated (=had part of its sex organs removed), castration makes the animals easier to control. Oxen are used for plowing, for transport (pulling carts, hauling wagons and even riding), for threshing grain by trampling, and for powering machines that grind grain or supply irrigation<সেচ> among other purposes. Oxen may be also used to pull logs in forests] (বলদ; দামড়া; <হালটান> ষাঁড়):

Necessary Vocabulary

Ø Train / treɪn / (ট্রেন্‌) v {Pt. Pp. trained / treɪnd / (ট্রেন্‌ড্‌)} [to teach a person or an animal the skills for a particular job activity; to be taught in this way] (প্রশিক্ষণ দেওয়া/পাওয়া): They trained the dog to sniff out<শুঁকে বের করা> drugs.

Ø Haul / hɔːl / (হোল্‌) v {Pt. Pp. hauled / hɔːld / (হোল্‌ড্‌)} [to pull Sth slowly with a lot of effort] (শক্তিদিয়ে টানা): The wagons were hauled by horses.

Ø Riding / ˈraɪdɪŋ / (ˈরাডিং) n [the sport or activity of riding animals] (<প্রাণীর> পিঠে চড়া): Have you ever been riding?

Ø Thresh / θreʃ / (থ্রেশ্‌) v {Pt. Pp. threshed / θreʃt / (থ্রেশ্‌ট্‌)} [to separate grains of rice, wheat, etc. from the rest of the plant using a machine or, especially in the past, by hitting it with a special tool] (<শস্যাদি> মাড়াই করা; মাড়ানো; আছড়ানো):

Ø Grain / greɪn / (গ্রেন্‌) n [the small hard seeds of plants, especially a plant like a grass such as rice or wheat] (শস্যের দানা, যেমন চাউল, গম): a few grains of rice

Ø Trample / ˈtræmpl / (ˈট্র্যামপল্‌) v {Pt. Pp. trampled / ˈtræmpld / (ট্র্যামপল্‌ড্‌)} [to step heavily on Sb/Sth so that you crush or harm them with feet] (পায়ে মাড়ানো): He was trampled to death by a runaway<পলায়নপর> horse.

Ø Grind / graɪnd / (গ্রান্‌ড্‌) v {Pt. Pp. ground / graʊnd / (গ্রান্ড্‌)} [to make Sth into small pieces or a power by pressing between two hard surfaces] (চূর্ণ বা গুড়া করা): They grind the grain into flour between two large stones.

Ø Log / lɔːg / (লোগ্‌) n [a thick piece of wood that is cut from or has fallen from a tree] (<গাছের> গুড়ি): The road was blocked by fallen logs.

Calf / kæf / (ক্যাফ্‌) n {Plu. calves / kævz / (ক্যাভ্‌জ্‌)} 1. [a young cow, or the young of various large mammals such as elephants and whales] (১। বাছুর; গোবৎস; ২। <হাতি ও তিমির>বাচ্চা): Their prize cow is in calf.

2. Calf
2. Calf / kæf / (ক্যাফ্‌) n {Plu. calves / kævz / (ক্যাভ্‌জ্‌)} [the back part of the human leg between the ankle and the knee] (<মানুষের>পায়ের গুল বা ডিম): I have torn a calf muscle.

Ø <VERB> Calve / kæv / (ক্যাভ্‌) v [(of a cow) to give birth to a calf] (বাছুর প্রসব করা): Four cows calved overnight.

Ø Mammal / ˈmæml / (ˈম্যামল্‌) n [any animal of which the female gives birth to babies, not egg, and feeds them on milk from her own body] (স্তন্যপায়ী প্রাণী): Cows, humans and bats are all mammals, but birds, fish and crocodiles are not.

Ø <IDM> Such as / sʌtʃ əz / (ছাচ্‌ জ্‌) idm [for example] (যেমন্‌): Wild flowers such as primroses are becoming rare.

Ø Overnight / ˌoʊvərˈnaɪt / (ˌˈনাট্‌) adv [during or for the night; suddenly or quickly] (রাতের বেলায়; সারারাত ব্যাপি; রাতারাতি): Don’t expect it to improve overnight.
    <ADJ> Overnight [happening during the night; for a night] (রাত্রিকালীন): an overnight flight.

Zebu / ˈziːbuː / (ˈজীবূ) n [an animal of a species of cattle family with long horns and a hump (=high part] on its back that is native to the jungles of South Asia and it is the only cattle species that can easily adapt to life in the hot climates. The zebu is also known as the humped cattle as it has a very distinctive hump on its upper back] (জীবূ; কুঁজওয়ালা ষাঁড়):

Ø Hump / hʌmp / (হাম্‌প্‌) n [a round raised part on a person’s or animal’s back] (কুঁজ; ককুদ): Some types of camel have two humps and others have one.

Ø Native / ˈneɪtɪv / (ˈনেটিভ্‌) adj {~ (to)} [describes plants and animals which grow naturally in a place, and have not been brought there from somewhere else] (কোনো বিশেষ এলাকার স্বাভাবিক প্রাণী বা উদ্ভিদ; দেশজ্‌): The horse is not native to America – it was introduced by the Spanish.
      <SYN> Indigenous

Ø Adapt / əˈdæpt / (ˈড্যাপ্‌ট্‌) v {Pt. Pp. adapted / əˈdæptɪd / (ড্যাপ্‌টিড্‌)} [to change something to suit different conditions or uses] (খাপ খাওয়ানো; মানাইয়া লওয়া; অভিযোজন করা): Some animals have a remarkable ability to adapt to changing environments.
     <SYN> Adjust

Ø Distinctive / dɪˈstɪŋktɪv / (ডিˈছটিঙ্‌কটিভ্‌) adj [having a quality or characteristic that makes Sth different and easily noticed] (পার্থক্যসূচক; স্বাতন্ত্রসূচক): ‘i’ and ‘iː’ are two distinctive vowel sounds in English.

water buffalo
Water buffalo
Water buffalo / ˈwɔːtər ˈbʌfəloʊ / (ˈওয়াটর্‌ ˈবাফলৌ) n [a large animal water buffalo of the cattle family used for pulling vehicles and farm equipment is thought to have originated in Asia. They spend most of their time submerged in the muddy<কর্দমাক্ত> waters of Asia’s tropical forests. By doing this, the water buffalo is able to keep itself cool in the hot and humid condition] (মোষ):

Necessary Vocabulary

Ø Vehicle / ˈviːhɪkl / (ˈভীহিক্‌ল্‌) n [a thing that is used for transporting people or goods from one place to another] (যানবাহন): Are you the driver of this vehicle Madam?  

Ø Equipment / ɪˈkwɪpmənt / (ˈকোয়িপমনট্‌) n [the set of necessary tools, clothing, etc. for a particular purpose] (যন্ত্রপাতি): office/ farm/ kitchen equipment  

Ø Originate / əˈrɪdʒɪneɪt / (ˈরিজিনেট্‌) v [to happen or appear for the first time in a particular place or situation] (উৎপত্তি হওয়া; কোনোকিছু থেকে শুরু হওয়া): The game is thought to have originated among the native people of Alaska.

Ø Submerge / səbˈmɜːrdʒ / (ˈমা্‌র্জ্‌) v {Pt. Pp. submerged / səbˈmɜːrdʒd / (ˈমা্‌র্জ্‌ড্‌)} [to go under the surface of water or liquid] (নিমজ্জিত করা; প্লাবিত করা; ডোবা): The fields had been submerged by floodwater.  

Ø Tropic / ˈtrɑːpɪk / (ˈট্রাঃপিক্‌) n [one of the two imaginary<কাল্পনিক> lines around the Earth at approximately<প্রায়> 23.5 degrees north and 23.5 degrees south of the equator] (বিষুবরেখার ২৩.৫ ডিগ্রি উত্তর ও দক্ষিনের অক্ষাংশ; ক্রান্তিরেখা; গ্রীষ্মমণ্ডল):
      <ADJ> Tropical / ˈtrɑːpɪkl / (ˈট্রাঃপিক্‌ল্‌) adj [from or relating to the area between the two tropics] (গ্রীষ্মমণ্ডলীয়): tropical fish

Ø Humid / ˈhjuːmɪd / (ˈহিঊমিড্‌) adj [(of air and weather condition) warm and damp] (<বাতাস বা জলবায়ু সম্বন্ধে> আর্দ্র ও সেঁতসেঁতে জলো): New York is very hot and humid in the summer.

Buffalo / ˈbʌfəloʊ / (ˈবাফলৌ) n [a large animal of the cattle family. Which has wide, long and curved horns. Although the buffalo and water buffalo found in Asia, look very similar but it’s not thought that the buffalo and water buffalo are close related] (মহিষ):

Yak / jæk / (ইয়্যাক্‌) n [a herd animal of the cattle family, with long horns and long shaggy hair that covers their bodies that keeps warm and dry, that lives in central Asia. They tend to gather in herds from 10 yaks to 100 yaks. They are used in many parts on central Asia, for pulling heavy farm machines] (চমরি গাই; তিব্বতী গাই):

Ø Herd / hɜːrd / (হা্‌র্ড্‌) n [a large group of animals of the same type that live and feed together] (<পশুর> দল; পাল): a herd of cattle/goats 

Ø Shaggy / ˈʃægi / (ˈশ্যাগি) adj [(of hair, fur) long and untidy] (<চুল ও লোম সম্বন্ধে> উস্কখুস্ক; ঝাঁকড়ামাকড়া): the shaggy coat of a sheep

Ø Tend / tend / (টেনড্‌) v {~ to} [to be likely to behave in a particular way or have a particular characteristic] (ঝোঁক থাকা; কোনো বিশেষ দিকে ঝোঁকা): When I’m tired, I tend to make mistakes.  

Ø Gather / ˈgæðər / (ˈগ্যাদর্‌) v {Pt. Pp. gathered / ˈgæðərd / (ˈগ্যাদর্‌ড্‌)} [when people or animals gather, they come together in a group] (জড়ো করা বা হওয়া): They were all gathered round the TV.

Llama / ˈlɑːmə / (ˈলাঃম) n [the llama is a South American animal relative of the camel, though it does not a hump like a camel. In South America where the llama is kept as a pack animal by ancient<প্রাচীন> Inca people. They are used for meat, wool, and skin and for transporting heavy loads] (লামা):

Ø Relative / ˈrelətɪv / (ˈরেলটিভ্‌) n [a thing that belongs to the same group as Sth else] (সম্পর্ক; আত্নীয়): The ibex is a distant relative of the mountain goat.

Ø Pack / pæk / (প্যাক্‌) n [a group of animals that hunt together or are kept of hunting] (একত্রে থাকা প্রাণীর দল): 

Camel / ˈkæml / (ˈক্যাম্‌ল্‌) n [an animal camel (also known as the Dromedary camel, the Arabian camel and the one-humped camel) with a long neck and one or two humps on its back is a large hoof animal that is most commonly found in the hot deserts of Northern Africa and the Middle East. That hardy animal have proved vital to the survival of humans in these areas as they are not just used for transporting both people and goods, but also provide a good source of milk, meat and wool. They have adapted perfectly to life in the desert where food and water can be scarce, and the temperature<তাপমাত্র> changes rapidly from the scorching-hot day to the cooler nights] (উট; উষ্ট্র):

Necessary Vocabulary

Ø Hoof / huːf / (হূফ্‌) n [the hard part on the bottom of the feet of animals such as horses, sheep and deer] (খুর):

Ø Hardy / ˈhɑːrdi / (ˈহাঃর্ডি) adj [strong and able to survive difficult conditions and bad weather] (কষ্ঠসহিষ্ণু): These hardy mountain folk<লোক> seem to thrive on the cold.

Ø Vital / ˈvaɪtl / (ˈভাট্‌ল্‌) adj [necessary or essential in order for Sth to succeed or exist] (জীবণের জন্য অপরিহার্য): A strong opposition is vital to a healthy democracy. 

Ø Survival / sərˈvaɪvl / (ˈভাভ্‌ল্‌) n [the state of continuing to live or exist, often despite difficulty or danger] (বেচে থাকা বা বিদ্যামান থাকার অবস্থা): His only chance of survival was a heart transplant.

Ø Scarce / skers / (স্কেরছ্‌) adj [not easy to find or get] (দুর্লভ; দুষ্প্রাপ্য): Food and clean water were becoming scarce.

Ø Scorching / ˈskɔːrtʃɪŋ / (ˈস্কোর্চিং) adj [very hot] (অত্যন্ত গরম; কাঠ ফাটা; ছাতিফাটা): They walked all day in the scorching heat.

<VERB> Scorch / skɔːrtʃ / (স্কোর্চ্‌) v {Pt. Pp. scorched / skɔːrtʃt / (স্কোর্চ্‌ট্‌)} [to burn and slightly damage a surface by making it too hot; to be slightly burned by heat] (ঝোলসে যাওয়া; পুড়ে যাওয়া; ঝলসানো): The iron was too hot and he scorched his shirt.  

Horse / hɔːrs / (হোরছ্‌) n [an animal with four legs, a mane and a tail, horses and humans have an ancient relationship. The modern horse has been domesticated around the world for many reasons, including transportation<পরিবহণ> and battle<যুদ্ধ>. They live about 30 years, and the oldest recorded horse at age 56 died on 2007. An adult female called a mare, and a young female is called a filly. An adult male is a stallion, and a young male is a colt. A baby of either sex is a foal. Castrated male and spayed female is called gelding] (ঘোড়া; অশ্ব): He mounted his horse and rode off. A horse and cart

Necessary Vocabulary

Ø Mane / meɪn / (মেন্‌) n [the long thick hair that grows along the top of a horse’s neck or around the face and neck of a lion] (সিংহ বা ঘোড়ার ঘাড়ের উপর লম্বা চুল বা কেশর): The horse tossed<দুলানো> its flowing mane behind it.

Ø Mare / mer / (মের্‌) n [a adult female horse] (ঘোটকী; মাদি ঘোড়া বা মাদি গাধা):

Ø Filly / ˈfɪli / (ˈফিলি) n {Plu. fillies} [a young female horse] (বাচ্চা ঘোটকী):

Ø Stallion / ˈstæliən / (ˈস্ট্যালিন্‌) n [a fully grown male horse which is used for breeding] (মদ্দা ঘোড়া; <সাধারণত প্রজননার্থে রক্ষিত> খোজা করা হয়নি এমন ঘোড়া):

Ø Colt / koʊlt / (কৌল্‌ট্‌) n [a young male horse up to the age of four or five] (অশ্বশাবক; ঘোড়ার বাচ্চা):

Ø Foal / foʊl / (ফৌল্‌) n [a very young horse or donkey] (ঘোড়া বা গাধার ছোট বাচ্চা):

Ø Spay / speɪ / (স্পে) v {Pt. Pp. spayed / speɪd / (স্পেড্‌)} [to remove the ovaries<গর্ভাশয়> of a female animal, to prevent it from breeding] (<স্ত্রীজাতীয় প্রাণীর> গর্ভাশয় অপসারণ করা): We’re having the cat spayed.

Ø Gelding / geldɪŋ / (গেল্‌ডিঙ্‌) n [a male horse that has been gelded] (খাসি করা ঘোড়া):

<VERB> Geld /geld/ (গেল্ড্‌) v {Pt. Pp. gelded /geldɪd / (গেল্‌ডিড্‌)} [to remove the testicles<অণ্ডকোষ> of male animal, especially a horse] (নিবীর্য করা; খোজা বা খাসি করা):
<SYN> Castrate  

Ø Mount / maʊnt / (মান্‌ট্‌) v {Pt. Pp. mounted / maʊntɪd / (মান্‌টিড্‌)} [to get on a bicycle, horse, etc. in order to ride it] (<ঘোড়া বা সাইকেলে> চড়া; আরোহণ করা): He mounted his horse and rode away.

Donkey / ˈdɔːŋki / (ˈডোঙ্‌কি) n [the donkey and ass is a domesticated member of the horse family. They have been used as a working animal for at least 5000 years ago. They still do the same burdening tasks the donkeys did thousands of years ago, people mainly using the donkeys to help carry heavy loads and transports goods long distance. A male donkey or ass is called a jack, a female a jenny, a young donkey is a foal. Jack donkeys are often used to mate with female horses to produce mules] (গাধা; গর্দভ):

Ø Task / tæsk / (ট্যাস্ক্‌) n [a piece of work that Sb has to do, especially a hard or unpleasant<নিরানন্দ> one] (কাজ, বিশেষত শক্ত কাজ):

Mule / mjuːl / (মিঊল্‌) n 1. [a mule is the offspring of a male donkey (jack) and a female horse (mare) to produce a hybrid, with its short, thick head, long ears, thin limbs, small narrow hooves and short mane, the mule shares characteristics<স্বভাবগত> of a donkey. In height and body, shape of neck and rump, uniformity of coat, and teeth, it seems horse like. The mule comes in all sizes, shapes and conformations] (খচ্চর; অশ্বতর<পুং গাধা ও ঘোটকীর মিলনজাত সন্তান>):

Necessary Vocabulary

mule, mule shoe
2. Mule
2. Mule / mjuːl / (মিঊল্‌) n [a woman’s shoes or slipper that has no back] (<মেয়েদের>চটি জুতা; মিঊল): a pair of mule shoes

Ø Offspring / ˈɔːfsprɪŋ / (ˈওফ্‌স্প্রিং) n [the young of an animal] (<পশুপাখির> বাচ্চা):

Ø Limb / lɪm / (লিম্‌) n [an arm or leg of a person or animal, or a large branch of a tree] (দেহের অঙ্গ, বা প্রত্যঙ্গ যেমন বাহু বা ডানা । ২। তরুশাখা): For a while, she lost the use of her limbs.

Ø Rump / rʌmp / (রাম্প্‌) n [the round area of flesh at the top of the back legs of an animals that has four legs] (পশুর পশ্চাদভাগ/ পাছা): He slapped<থাপ্পর মারা> the horse on the rump.

Ø Uniform / ˈjuːnɪfɔːrm / (ˈইঊনিফোর্ম্‌) n [the same; not changing or different in any way] (একই; সমান; সমরুপ): Growth has not been uniform across the country.
       <NOUN> Uniformity / juːnɪˈfɔːrməti / (ইঊনিফোর্মটি) n [] (একরুপতা; সমরুপতা):

Ø Coat / koʊt / (কৌট্‌) n [the fur, hair or wool that covers an animal’s body] (<প্রাণীর লোম, চুল ইত্যা>আচ্ছাদন): a dog with a smooth/ shaggy<উস্কখুস্ক> coat.

 Ø Seem / siːm / (ছীম্‌) v {Pt. Pp. seemed / siːmd / (ছীম্‌ড্‌)} [to give the impression of being or doing Sth] (প্রতীয়মান হওয়া; মনে/ বোধ হওয়া): They seem to be taking a long time to decide.
<SYN> Appear

Ø Conformation / ˌkɑːnfɔːrˈmeɪʃn / (ˌকাঃনফোরˈমেশ্‌ন্‌) [the way in which something is formed; the structure of Sth, especially an animal] (আকার ও অবয়ব; গঠোনপ্রণলী): The judges run their hands over the dog’s body and legs, checking its conformation.

Goat / goʊt / (গৌট্‌) n [goat is domesticated from the wild goat of Southwest Asia and Eastern Europe and closely related to the sheep. They are one of the oldest domesticated species, and have been used for their milk, meat, hair, and skins over much of the world. Female goats are referred to as “nanny goat” intact males as “billy goat” and their offspring are “kid”, and castrated male is “wether] (ছাগল): Tethered goats grazed among the apple trees. A goat is bleating.

Necessary Vocabulary

Ø Skin / skɪn / (স্কিন্‌) n 1. [the skin of a dead animal with or without its fur used for making leather, etc.] (<লোমহীন বা লোমসহ> পশু-চামড়া বা ত্বক): The skins are removed and laid out to dry.

2. <VERB> Skin / skɪn / (স্কিন্‌) v {Pt. Pp. skinned / skɪnd / (স্কিনড্‌)} [to remove the skin an animal, a fruit or a vegetable] (<পশুপাখি, ফল, সব্জি ইত্যাদির>ছাল বা চামড়া ছাড়ানো): The hunters skinned the deer they had killed.

Ø <PHR-V> Refer to / rɪˈfɜːr tuː / (রিˈফা্‌র টূ) phr [to mention or speak about Sb/Sth] (উল্লেখ করা; নির্দেশ করা): She always referred to Ben as ‘that nice man’.

nanny goat
Nanny Goat
Ø Nanny goat / ˈnæni goʊt / (ˈন্যানি গৌট্‌) n [a female goat] (বকরি; ছাগী; পাঠি):

billy goat
Billy goat
Ø Billy goat / ˈbɪli goʊt / (ˈবিলি গৌট্‌) n [a male goat] (পুং ছাগল; পাঠা):


Ø Kid / kɪd / (কিড্‌) n 1. [a young goat] (ছাগলছানা): 2. [a child or young person] (শিশু; বাচ্চা; তরুণ): Do you have any kids? How are the kids?

Ø Wether / weðər / (ওএদর্‌) n {Also castrated goat} [a male goat castrated before sexual maturity] (খাসি):

Ø Tether / ˈteðər / (ˈটেদর্‌) n [a rope or chine used to tie an animal to Sth, usually so that it can move freely within a small area] (<ঘাস খাওয়ার সময়> পশুকে বেঁধে রাখার দড়ি বা শিকল):

<VERB> Tether / ˈteðər / (ˈটেদর্‌) v [to tie an animal to a post so that it cannot move very far] (দড়ি বা শিকল দিয়ে পশুকে খুটিতে বেধে রাখা): He tethered his goat to a tree.

Ø Bleat / bliːt / (ব্লীট্‌) v {Pt. Pp. bleated / bliːtɪd / (ব্লীটিড্‌)} [to make the sound that sheep and goats make] (<ছাগল বা ভেড়ার>ডাক বা ভ্যা ভ্যা করা):

Sheep / siːp / (শীপ্‌) n {Plu. sheep} [it is thought that the domestic sheep originated from central Europe and Asia. Today they are typically kept as livestock, sheep are raised for fleece (wool), meat (called mutton or lamb) and milk. A sheep’s wool is the most widely used animal fiber, and common materials in the world. An adult female sheep is referred to as a ewe, an intact male as a ram, a castrated male as a wether (or castrated sheep), and a younger sheep as a lamb] (ভেড়া; মেষ; গড্ডল): We heard sheep baaing in the field. The dogs herded the sheep into the pen. A flock of sheep

Necessary Vocabulary

Ø Typically / ˈtɪpɪkli / (ˈটিপিকলি) adv [used when you are giving an average or usual example of a particular thing] (সাধারণত): Typically, a doctor will see about thirty patients a day.

Ø Fleece / fiːs / (ফ্লীছ্‌) n [the wool coat of a sheep; this coat when it has been removed from a sheep (by shearing)] (ভেরার লোমসম্ভার): My jacket is lined with fleece.

Ø Mutton / ˈmʌtn / (ˈমাট্‌ন্‌) n [the meat from an adult sheep eaten as food] (<পূর্ণবয়স্ক> ভেরার মাংস; মেষ মাংস):

Ø Ewe / juː / (ইউ) n [a female sheep, especially an adult one] (ভেড়ী): Ewe’s milk

Ø Ram / ræm / (র‍্যাম্‌) n 1. [an adult male sheep] (পুরুষ ভেড়া; ভেড়ার পাঁঠা):

2. Ram / ræm / (র‍্যাম্‌) v {Pt. Pp. rammed / ræmd / (র‍্যামড্‌)} [(of a vehicle, a ship, etc.) to hit another vehicle, ship, etc. with force] (<যানবাহন সম্বেন্ধে>প্রচণ্ড জোরে ধাক্কা মারা <অন্য বাহনকে>): Someone rammed my car.

Ø Lamb / læm / (ল্যাম্‌) n [1. A young sheep 2. The flesh of a young sheep eaten as meat] (১। মেষশাবক। ২। মেষশাবকের মাংস): lamb chops

Ø Baa / bɑː / (বাঃ) n [the sound made by sheep or lambs] (ভেড়ার ডাক):

Ø Herd / hɜːrd / (হা্‌র্ড্‌) v {Pt. Pp. herded / hɜːrdɪd / (হা্‌র্ডিড্‌)} [to make animals move together as a group] (<গবাদি পশু> চড়ানো/ চালিত করা): a shepherd<মেষরাখাল> herding his flock<পাল>.

Ø Pen / pen / (পেন্‌) n [a small piece of land surrounded by a fence in which farm animals are kept] (গরু, ছাগল, ভেরা, মুরগি ইত্যা রাখার জন্য ঘেড়াদেওয়া ছোট ঘর; খোঁয়াড়): a goat/sheep/cattle pen

Dog / dɔːg / (ডোগ্‌) n {Fem. Bitch} [dog is a subspecies<উপপ্রজাতি> of the gray wolf, is thought to have been first domesticated in East Asia thousands<হাজারহাজার> of years ago. Many people, in all countries around the world keep dogs as a pet animal. They perform many roles for people, such as hunting, herding, pulling loads, protection, assisting police and military, companionship<সঙ্গ> and more recently, aiding handicapped individual (service dog). This impact on human society has given them the nickname<উপনাম> “man’s best friend” in the western world. In China and South Vietnam dogs are a source of meat for humans] (কুকুর; সারমেয়): The dog was gnawing an old<বাসি> bone. A dog was sniffing around my heels. We could hear dogs barking in the distance. Our bitch has just had four puppies.

Necessary Vocabulary

Ø Bitch / bɪtʃ / (বিচ্‌) n [a female dog] (স্ত্রীকুকুর; কুত্তি; কুক্কুরী):

Ø Perform / pərˈfɔːrm / (ˈফোর্ম্‌) v {Pt. Pp. performed / pərˈfɔːrmd / (ˈফোর্ম্‌ড্‌)} [to do Sth, such as a piece of work, task or duty] (<কোনোকাজ বা কর্তব্য> পালন করা; কাজে পরিনত করা): A computer can perform many tasks at once.
<SYN> Carry out

Ø Assist / əˈsɪst / (ˈছিছট্‌) v {Pt. Pp. assisted / əˈsɪstɪd / (ˈছিছটিড্‌)} [to help Sb to do Sth] (<কোনোকিছু করতে> সাহায্য/ সহায়তা করা): We’ll do all we can to assist you.  

Ø Handicapped / ˈhændɪkæpt / (ˈহ্যানডিক্যাপ্‌ট্‌) adj [not able to use part of your body or your mind because it has been damaged in some way] (প্রতিবন্ধী; বিকলাঙ্গ): The accident left him physically handicapped.
  <SYN> Disabled 

Ø Individual / ˌɪndɪˈvɪdʒuəl / (ˌনডিˈভিজুল্‌) adj [connected with one person; designed for one person] (বিশেষভাবে এক ব্যক্তি বা বস্তুর জন্য; পৃথক): As a teacher he tries to give individual attention to his pupils.

Ø Impact / ˈɪmpækt / (ˈমপ্যাক্‌ট্‌) n [the powerful effect that Sth has on Sb/Sth] (প্রভাব; ফল): The report assesses<নির্ধারণ করা> the impact of AIDS on the gay community.

Ø Gnaw / nɔː / (নো) v {Pt. Pp. gnawed / nɔːd / (নোড্‌)} [to keep biting Sth or chewing it hard, so that it gradually disappears] (<শক্ত কিছু> একনাগাড়ে কামড়ানো): Babies like to gnaw hard objects when they’re teething.  

Ø Sniff / snɪf / (স্নিফ্‌) v {Pt. Pp. sniffed / snɪft / (স্নিফ্‌ট্‌)} [to breathe air in through the nose in order to discover or enjoy the smell of Sth] (<কোনোকিছু ভাল মন্দ> শুঁকে দেখা): He sniffed his socks<মোজা> to see if they needed washing.

Ø Bark / bɑːrk / (বাঃর্ক্‌) n 1. [the short loud, rough sound made by dogs and some other animals](ঘেউঘেউ/ হুক্কাহুয়া <শিয়াল্ বা কুকুরের ডাক>): The dog gave a loud bark.  2. [the hard outer covering of a tree] (<গাছের> বাকল/ছাল): The people strip<খসানো> the bark and use it in medicines.

<VERB> [(of a dog) to make a loud rough noise] (<কুকুর, শেয়াল ইত্যাদে সম্বন্ধে> ঘেউঘেউ বা হুক্কাহুয়া করা): The dog suddenly started barking at us.

Ø Have / həv / (ভ্‌) v {Pt. Pp. had} [to give birth to a baby] (জন্ম দেওয়া): Elian had a baby girl yesterday. My mother had me at home.


Ø Puppy / ˈpʌpi / (ˈপাপি) n {Plu. puppies} [a young dog] (কুকুরশাবক; কুকুরের বাচ্চ): a little of puppies
   <SYN> Pup

                           Necessary Vocabulary

Cat / kæt / (ক্যাট্‌) n {Male. Tomcat} [they are often called house cats, with a small, typically furry, carnivorous mammal, kept as indoor pets. Cat’s senses are superior amongst the animal world, with exceptional sight, smell and taste, cats are able to subtly sneak up on, and catch their prey with immense success. Despite the cat’s unbeatable night-vision<রাতেরদৃষ্টি>, a cat’s eyesight during the day is actually not too dissimilar from a human! The pet cat sleeps for around 18 hours a day and tends to spend their wading<কষ্টেচলা> time hunting for food. They are nocturnal hunters looking for small animals and mice] (বিড়াল): The kitten mewed pitifully<করুণভাবে>. The cat slunk away into the darkness.

Ø Tomcat / tɑːmkæt / (টাঃমক্যাট্‌) n [a male cat] (ছেলে বিড়াল):

ØCarnivore / ˈkɑːrnɪvɔːr / (ˈকাঃরনিভোর্‌) n [any animal that eats flesh] (<মাংসাশী> প্রাণী): Lions and tigers are carnivores.
        <ADJ> Carnivorous / kɑːrˈnɪvərəs / (কাঃরˈনিভছ্‌) adj [] ():

Ø Sense / sens / (ছেনছ্‌) n [one of the five powers (sight, hearing, smell, taste and touch) that your body uses to get information about the world around you] (অনুভূতি; বোধ; চেতনা): Dogs have a keen sense of smell.

Ø Sight / saɪt / (ছাট্‌) n [the ability to see] (দৃষ্টিশক্তি): He has very little sight in his right eye.

Ø Subtle / ˈsʌtl / (ˈছাটল্‌) adj [not very noticeable or obvious] (সূক্ষ্ণ; অতিসূক্ষ্ণ): There are subtle differences between the two versions.
     <ADV> Subtly / ˈsʌtli / (ˈছাট্‌লি) adv [] (অতিসূক্ষ্ণভাবে):

Ø Sneak / sniːk / (স্নীক্‌) v [to go somewhere secretly, trying to avoid being seen] (নিঃশব্দে চোরের মতো চলা, আসা, যাওয়া ইত্যাদি): Did you sneak into my room while I was asleep.
<SYN> Creep

<PHR-V> Sneak up (on Sb/Sth) [to move towards Sb very quietly so that they do not see or hear you until you reach them] (চুপিসারে কারো নিকট যাওয়া): He sneaked up on his sister and shouted ‘boo!’

Ø Immense / ɪˈmens / (ˈমেন্‌ছ্‌) adj [extremely large or great in size or degree] (অপরিমেয়; বিশাল; অপার; বিপুল): The benefits are immense.
      <SYN> Enormous

Ø Despite / dɪˈspaɪt / (ডিˈছপাট্‌) pre [without taking any notice of or being influenced by; not prevented by] (<কিছু> সত্ত্বেও): Despite applying for hundreds of jobs, he is still out of work.
<SYN> In spite of

Ø Unbeatable / ʌnˈbiːtəbl / (আনˈবীটব্‌ল্‌) adj [(of price, value, etc.) impossible to improve] (অপরাজেয়): unbeatable offers
<SYN> Invincible

Ø Eyesight / ˈaɪsaɪt / (ˈছাট্‌) n [the ability to see] (দৃষ্টিশক্তি): You need to have your eyesight tested. A good/bad/poor eyesight

Ø Dissimilar / dɪˈsɪmɪlər / (ডিˈছিমিলর্‌) adj [not the same or different] (বিসদৃশ; ভিন্ন): The two languages are completely dissimilar from each other.

Ø <PHR-V> Look for Sth [to hope for Sth; to expect Sth] (পেতে চেষ্টা করা; অনুসন্ধান করা; প্রত্যাশা করা): I’m looking for my keys.

Ø Kitten / ˈkɪtn / (ˈকিট্‌ন্‌) n [a young cat] (বিড়ালছানা):

Ø Mew / mjuː / (মিউ) n [the soft high noise that a cat makes] (<বিড়ালের> মিউ মিউ বা মেও মেও ডাক):
<SYN> Meow

Ø Slink / slɪŋk / (স্লিঙ্‌ক্‌) v {Pt. Pp. slunk / slʌŋk / (স্লাঙ্‌ক্‌)} [to walk away from somewhere quietly so that you are not noticed] (চোরের মতো সটকে পড়া, ঢুকে পড়া ইত্যাদি): The dog howled<হুঙ্কার করা> and slunk away.  

Rabbit / ˈræbɪt / (ˈর‍্যাবিট্‌) n [rabbits are small mammals, found in several parts of the world. their habitats include meadows, woods, forests, grasslands, wetlands and deserts where there is enough food and water for the rabbits to survive. They are herbivores that feed by grazing on grass, sometime nuts, often fruit, vegetables and leafy weeds. Rabbit are kept as pets or for flesh] (খরগোশ): a rabbit hutch

                                Necessary Vocabulary

Ø Habitat / ˈhæbɪtæt / (ˈহ্যাবিট্যাট্‌) n [the natural environment in which an animal or plant usually lives] (<উদ্ভিদ; জীবজন্তু সম্বন্ধে> স্বাভাবিক বিচরণ বা লালনক্ষেত্র; আবাস ভূমি): The panda’s natural habitat is the bamboo forest.

Ø Meadow / ˈmedoʊ / (ˈমেডৌ) n [a field covered in grass and often wild flowers in it] (তৃণভূমি): There was a path through the meadow to the village.

Ø Wood / wʊd / (ড্‌) n {Plu. woods} [an area of trees, smaller than a forest] (বণভূমি, অরণ্য): We went for a walk in the woods after lunch.

Ø Grassland / ˈgræslænd / (ˈগ্র্যাছল্যান্ড্‌) n [a large area of open land covered with wild grass] (বৃক্ষহীন বণ্য তৃণভূমি):

Ø Wetland / ˈwetlənd / (ˈওয়েট্‌লনড্‌) n [a large area of land covered with swamp] (জলাভূমি): The wetlands are home to a large variety of wildlife.

Ø Herbivore / ˈhɜːrbɪvɔːr / (ˈহা্‌র্বিভোর্‌) n [an animal that eats only plants] (তৃণভোজী প্রাণী): Cows and sheep are herbivores.

Ø Weed / wiːd / (উঈড্‌) n [a wild plant growing where it is not wanted<আবশ্যক>, especially among crops or garden plants] (আগাছা): The yard was overgrown< অত্যাধিক বৃদ্ধি পাওয়া> with weeds.

Ø Hutch / hʌtʃ / (হাচ্‌) n [a wooden box with a front made of wire, used for keeping rabbits or other small animals in] (একদিকে তারের জাল-ঢাকা বাক্স বা খাঁচা):

Rat / ræt / (র‍্যাট্‌) n [rat is a small scavenger mammal found in all parts of the world, and lives in small, dark places. That has proved to be a pest in both urban and rural areas where, they are normally present due to an abundance of food. Rats are much larger than mice] (ধেড়ে ইঁদুর): Rats carry disease. Rats had gnawed through the wires.

Ø Scavenge / ˈskævɪndʒ / (ˈস্ক্যাভিন্‌জ্‌) v [(of a person, an animals or birds) to search through waste for things that can be used or eaten] (<মানুষ, পাখি বা প্রাণী সম্বন্ধে> ময়লা বা আবর্জনার মধ্যে খাবার খোজা): Dogs and foxes scavenged through the trash<আবর্জনা> cans for something to eat.
      <NOUN> Scavenger / ˈskævɪndʒər / (ˈস্ক্যাভিনজর্‌) n [(of a person, an animals or birds) which search food in waste] (যে সব প্রাণী আবর্জনার মধ্যে খাবার খোজে; শবালী প্রাণী):

Ø Pest / pest / (পেছ্‌ট্‌) n [an insect or animal that destroys plant, food, etc.] (ক্ষতিকর কীটপতঙ্গ/ প্রাণী): Common pests such as rats, mice or cockroaches.

Ø Abundance / əˈbʌndəns / (ˈবানডন্‌ছ্‌) n [when there is more than enough of something] (অতিপ্রাচুর্য): Exotic<বিদেশি> plants grew there in great abundance.  

Mouse / maʊs / (মাছ্‌) n {Plu. mice // (মাছ্‌)} 1. [mouse is a small rodent having a pointed<চোখা> snout, small rounded ears, a scaly long, thin tail and a high breeding rate, that are spread widely thoroughly every country. That is found in all corners of the globe, including parts of Antarctica] (নেংটি ইঁদুর; মূষিক): The stores were overrun with rats and mice.

2. Mouse / maʊs / (মাছ্‌) n [a small device that is moved by hand across a surface to control the movement of the cursor on a computer screen] (মাউছ্‌): Use the mouse to drag the icon to a new position. 

Ø Snout / snaʊt / (স্নাট্‌) n [the long nose and mouth which stick out from the face of some animals] (<কোনো কোনো প্রাণীর> বাইরের দিকে বেড়িয়ে থাকা নাক): a pig’s snout

Ø Scaly / ˈskeɪli / (ˈস্কেলি) adj [(of skin) covered with hard and dry, with small pieces that came off] (<মাছের> আইশের ন্যায়):

Ø Overrun / ˌoʊvəˈrʌn / (ˌˈররা্‌ন) v [(especially of Sth bad or not wanted) to fill or spread over an area quickly, especially in large numbers] (ছড়িয়ে পড়া বা ভোরে যাওয়া; বেড়ে যাওয়া): The house was completely overrun with mice.

Chicken / ˈtʃɪkɪn / (ˈচিকিন্‌) n 1. [the chicken is a domesticated fowl, a subspecies of red jungle fowl. As one of the most common and widespread domestic animals, with a population of more than 25 billion, which is the highest of any bird in the world. They are omnivore. In the yard, they often scratch at the soil to search for seeds and insects. A male chicken is called cock/rooster and a female is called hen, and the little, fluffy yellow babies are called chicks.] (মুরগি): A male chicken is called a cock and a female chicken is called a hen. 

                        Necessary Vocabulary

2. Chicken / ˈtʃɪkɪn / (ˈচিকিন্‌) n [meat from a chicken which is cooked and eaten] (মুরগির মাংস): We’re having roast/fried chicken for dinner. The cock started to crow.

Ø Fowl / faʊl / (ফাল্‌) n [a bird that is kept for its meat and eggs, for example a chicks, ducks, turkeys] (<মাংস ও ডিমের জন্য> যে কোনো পাখি): a variety of domestic fowl

Ø Widespread / ˈwaɪdspred / (ওয়াড্‌স্প্রেড্‌) adj [existing or happening over a large area or among many people] (বহুবিস্তৃত; অতিব্যাপক): The campaign<প্রচারাভিযান> has received widespread support.

Ø Population / ˌpɑːpjuˈleɪʃn / (ˌপাঃপিˈলেশ্‌ন্‌) n [a particular group of animals living in one country, area or place] (<কোনো এলাকার>প্রাণীবৃদ্ধিরসংখা): The dolphin populating has been decimated by tuna fishing.

Ø Omnivore / ˈɑːmnɪvɔːr / (ˈআঃমনিভোর্‌) n [an animal or a person that eats all types of food, especially both plants and meat] (সর্বভুক প্রানী):

Ø Scratch / skrætʃ / (স্ক্র্যাচ্‌) v {Pt. Pp. scratched / skrætʃt / (স্ক্র্যাচ্‌ট্‌)} [to rub skin or surface with nails] (<নখর দ্বারা> আঁচড়ান; হাছড়ানো): The dog scratched itself behind the ear.

Ø Cock / kɑːk / (কাঃক্‌) n {also Rooster} [an adult male chicken] (মোরগ): The cock crowed.

Ø Crow / kroʊ / (ক্রৌ) v {Pt. Pp. crowed / kroʊd / (ক্রৌড্‌)} [(of a cock/rooster) to make repeated loud high sounds, especially early in the morning] (<মোরগের ডাক> কুকরুক কুক): We were woken at dawn by a cock crowing repeatedly.

Ø Hen / hen / (হেন্‌) n [an adult female chicken, which is kept for its eggs or flesh] (স্ত্রী মুরগি): a small flock<ঝাঁক> of laying hens. Battery hens

Lay / leɪ / (লে) v {Pt. Pp. laid / leɪd / (লেড্‌)} [a bird, an insect, a fish, etc. lays eggs, it produces them from its body] (ডিম পারা বা দেওয়া): Does your hen lay eggs? The hens are not laying well (= not producing many eggs).

Battery / ˈbætri / (ˈব্যাট্রি) adj [a large number of small cages<খাঁচা> that are joined together and are used for keeping chickens, etc. in on a farm] (একই প্রকারের বাক্সের সারি যাতে ডিম পাড়ার জন্য বা পুষ্ট হওয়ার জন্য মুরগি): a battery farm. a battery eggs/hen

Ø Fluff / flʌf / (ফ্লাফ্‌) n [soft animal fur or bird feathers, which is found especially on young animals or birds] (তুলতুলে, নরম লোম/ পালক): The baby birds were still covered in fluff.
     <ADJ> Fluffy / ˈflʌfi / (ˈফ্লাফি) adj [like fluff; covered in fluff] (তুলতুলে): a little fluffy kitten


Ø Chick / tʃɪk / (চিক্‌) n [a baby bird, especially a young chicken] (মুরগির ছানা/ বাচ্চা):

Duck / dʌk / (ডাক্‌) n {Plu. ducks} [ducks are mostly aquatic birds, and has short legs, and a wide beak. They have adapted well to life on the water and long with their special water filtering system in their mouths, ducks also have webbed feet which allow them to travel on the surface of the water with ease. The webbed feet of the duck also make it easier for the duck to walk on the slippery river banks] (পাঁতিহাস): Ducks were quacking noisily on the lake. A female call duck and male call drake

                       Necessary Vocabulary

2. Duck / dʌk / (ডাক্‌) n [meat from a duck] (হাঁসের মাংস): roast duck with orange sauce.

Ø Aquatic / əˈkwætɪk / (ˈকোঅ্যাটিক্‌) adj [connected with water] (জলজ): aquatic life/sports

Ø Beak / biːk / (বীক্‌) n [the hard pointed or curved outer part of a bird’s mouth] (<পাখির> ঠোঁট): Birds use their beaks to pick up food.
    <SYN> Bill

Ø Webbed / webd / (ওয়েব্‌ড্‌) adj [(of the feet of a swimming birds or other aquatic animals) having pieces of skin between the toes] (<পায়ের আঙ্গুল> চামড়া দিয়ে জোড়া-লাগানো এমন <জলচর প্রাণী বা পাখীর> পা; লিপ্ত পদাঙ্গুলি):

Ø Ease / iːz / (ঈজ্‌) n [lack of difficulty] (আরাম; সহজসাধ্যতা; স্বচ্ছন্দ্য): He passed the exam with ease.

<VERV> Ease / iːz / (ঈজ্‌) v {Pt. Pp. eased / iːzd / (ঈজ্‌ড্‌)} [to become or to make Sth less unpleasant, painful, sever, etc.] (আরাম দেওয়া; সহজ করা; স্বস্তি বিধান করা): These pills should ease the pain.
   <SYN> Alleviate

<ADJ> Easy / ˈiːzi / (ˈঈজি) adj [not difficult; needing little effort] (অনায়াস; সহজ): It isn’t easy being a parent.

Ø Bank / bæŋk / (ব্যাঙক্‌) n [the side of a river, canal, etc. and the land near it] (<নদী বা খালের> তীর; তট; কুল; কিনার): She jumped in and swam to the opposite bank.

Ø Quack / kwæk / (কোএ্যাক্‌) n 1. [the sound that a duck makes] (হাঁসের ডাক): The ducks started quacking loudly when we threw them some bread.

2. Quack
2. Quack / kwæk / (কোএ্যাক্‌) n [a person who dishonestly pretends<ভান কারা> to have medical skills or knowledge] (হাতুড়ে <ডাক্তার>):

Ø Drake / dreɪk / (ড্রেক্‌) n [a male duck] (পুরুষ পাতি হাঁস; হাসা):

Ø Duckling / ˈdʌklɪŋ / (ˈডাকলিঙ্‌) n [a young duck, or its flesh used as food] (হাসের বাচ্চা বা এর মাংস):

Swan / swɑːn / (ছোআঃন্‌) n [the swans are the largest members of the waterfowl family. They can reach a length of over 1.5m and weigh over 15 kg. Their wingspans can be over 3.1m. They are closely related to geese and ducks. They have generally white in color with an orange beak] (রাজহাঁস; মরাল; হংস): We watched the swans glide by.

Ø Weigh / weɪ / (ওএ) v {Pt. Pp. weighed / weɪd / (ওএড্‌)} [to have a particular weight or to measure how heavy Sb/Sth is, usually by using scales] (ওজন করা/হওয়া; ভার নির্ণয় করা; মাপা): The average male tiger weighs around 200 kg.

       <NOUN> Weight / weɪt / (ওএট্‌) n [how heavy Sb/Sth is, which can be measured in, for example, kilograms or pounds] (ওজন; ভার): It is about 75 kilos in weight.

Ø Wingspan / ˈwɪŋspæn / (ˈউইঙ্‌স্প্যান্‌) n [the distance between the end of one wing and the end of the other when the wings of a bird, insect or aircraft are fully stretched] (<প্রসারিত> ডানার বিস্তার/ পাখার প্রসারতার দৈর্ঘ): a bird with a two-foot wingspan

Ø Glide / glaɪd / (গ্লাড্‌) v {Pt. Pp. glided // (গ্লাডিড্‌)} [to fly by floating on air currents instead of using power from wings or an engine] (ক্রমাগত মসৃণ গতিতে ভেসে চলা বা বয়ে চলা বা এগিয়ে চলা): An eagle was gliding high overhead.

                        Necessary Vocabulary

Goose / guːs / (গূছ্‌) n {Plu. geese} [a goose is a medium to large sized waterfowl, found in Europe, Asia and North America. They are omnivorous, but mainly feed on insects, grubs<শূককীট>, small fishes. They spend a great deal of time on the water and have special adaptations such as webbed feet, which make their aquatic life easier] (রাজহংসী):

Pigeon / ˈpɪdʒɪn / (ˈপিজিন্‌) n [a fat grey and white bird with short legs, which is often seen in towns sitting on building in large groups, and is often eaten as food] (কবুতর): A pigeon strutted along the roof, cooing rhythmically<ছন্দযুক্তভাবে>.

Ø Strut / strʌt / (স্ট্রাট্‌) v {Pt. Pp. strutted // (স্ট্রাটিড্‌)} [to walk proudly with your head up and chest out to show that you think you are important] (বুক ফুলিয়ে সোজা হয়ে দাড়ানো/ হাঁটা): The players strutted and posed for the cameras.

Ø Coo / kuː / (কূ) v [when a dove or a pigeon coos, it makes a soft low sound] (<কবুতর বা ঘুঘু সম্বন্ধে> বাকবাকুম বাকবাকুম করা; কূজন করা):

Turkey / ˈtɜːrki / (ˈটা্‌র্কি) n {Plu. turkeys} [the turkey is a large, rounding looking bird, that is closely related to other game birds. They have long, thin legs with three toes on each foot to help with balance and for scratching around in the dirt. Males and females of both turkey have a red, featherless head and throat, which has a distinctive fleshy<মাংসল> wattle that hangs from the top of the beak. Their flesh is one of the most popular meats to eat on festive occasions<উপলক্ষ> and is farmed in large numbers across the western world] (তুর্কি মোরগ): roast turkey

2. Turkey / ˈtɜːrki / (ˈটা্‌র্কি) n [the flesh of this bird used as food] (তুর্কি মোরগের মাংস):

Ø Game / geɪm / (গেম্‌) n [wild animals and birds that are hunted for food or sport] (শিকারের পাখি/প্রাণী): a game bird

Ø Toe / toʊ / (টৌ) n [any of the five separate parts at the end of the foot] (পায়ের আঙ্গুল): The shoe pressed pain fully against her big toe.

Ø Dirt / dɜːrt / (ডা্‌র্ট্‌) n [any substance that makes Sth dirty, for example dust, soil or mud] (ময়লা; নোংরা): His clothes were covered in dirt.

Ø Distinctive / dɪˈstɪŋktɪv / (ডিˈছটিঙ্‌কটিভ্‌) adj [having a quality or characteristic that makes Sth different and easily noticed] (পার্থক্যসূচক; স্বাতন্ত্রসূচক): ‘i’ and ‘iː’ are two distinctive vowel sounds in English.

Ø Wattle / ˈwɑːtl / (ˈওআট্‌ল্‌) n [a piece of red skin that hangs down from the throat of a bird such as a cock, turkey] (মোরগ জাতীয় পাখির মাথার নীচের অংশে বা কন্ঠে ঝুলে থাকা লাল মাংসল উপাঙ্গা):

Ø Comb / koʊm / (কৌম্‌) n 1. [the soft, red piece of flesh on the head of a male chicken] (মোরগের মাথার ঝুটি):
2. Comb / kaʊm / (কৌম্‌) n [a flat piece of plastic, wood or metal with a thin row of long narrow parts along one side, which you use to tidy and arrange your hair] (চিরুনি): She ran a comb through her tangled hair.

Ø Flesh / fleʃ / (ফ্লেশ্‌) n [the soft substance between the skin and bones of animal or human body] (মাংস<বিশেষত কাঁচা মাংস>): Lions and tigers are flesh-eating animals.

Ø Festive / ˈfestɪv / (ˈফেছটিভ্‌) adj [typical<প্রতিরুপ> of a special event or celebration] (উৎসবমুখর; আনন্দঘন): The whole town is in festive mood. 

                           Necessary Vocabulary

Pig / pɪg / (পিগ্‌) n {USA hog} [an animal with pink, black or brown skin, short legs, a broad nose and a short tail which curls round itself. Pigs are kept on farms for their meat (called pork) or live in the wild] (শূকর): Pigs were being fattened for slaughter.

Ø Pork / pɔːrk / (পোর্ক্‌) n [meat from a pig, eaten as food] (শূকরের মাংস):


Ø Slaughter / ˈslɔːtər / (স্লোটর্‌) v [to kill an animal, usually for its meat] (জবাই করা): The animals are slaughtered in abattoirs<কসাইখানা>.
  <SYN> Butcher 

Farm Animals - Pre School - Learn English Words

Noted From Wikipedia, Google Image, Oxford & Cambridge Dictionary 

Powered by Blogger.