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Learn about a Damaged Arable Land with Necessary Vocabulary Meanings




A Damaged Arable Land Image
A Damaged Arable Land


Toxic liquid from a factory has been posing grave environmental problems for land and waterways at Godnail in Narayanganj for years. Locals have complained about the waste dump time and again, but in vain. Meantime, the land once arable is now dried up and contaminated with hazardous substances. The toxic effluents keep flowing through a canal into the Shitalakkhya.




Necessary Vocabulary Notes



Damaged / ˈdæmɪdʒd / (ˈড্যামিজড্‌) adj [harmful or spoilt effects on Sb/Sth] (ক্ষতিগ্রস্ত; নষ্ট): They are selling off damaged goods at reduced prices.

Ø Spoil / spɔɪl / (স্পল্‌) v {Pt. Pp. spoiled or spoilt} [to change Sth good into Sth bad, unpleasant, useless, etc.] (অকেজো করা; নষ্ট করা): The oil spill has spoilt the whole beautiful coastline.
   <SYN> Ruin

Ø Sell / sel / (ছেল্‌) v {Pt. Pp. sold / soʊld / (ছৌল্ড্‌)} [to give Sth to Sb in exchange for money] (বিক্রয় করা; বেচা; বিপণন করা): The painting was sold at auction for £ 1.2 million.

<PHR> Sell off [to charge a low price for something to encourage people to buy it] (<পন্যের মজুত>সস্তায় বেচে দেওয়া): They are selling off last year’s stock at half price. 


Arable /ˈærəbl / (ˈএ্যারব্‌ল্‌) adj [describes farming and farmland that is used for, or is suitable for, growing crops such as Rice, Jute ext.] (<জমি সম্বন্ধে> চাষযোগ্য; যে জমিতে চাষ আবাদ করা হয়): He farmed 200 acres of prime arable land. Arable land/fields (= চাষযোগ্য জমি).

Ø Farm / fɑːrm / (ফাঃর্ম্‌) v {Pt. Pp. farmed / fɑːrmd / (ফাঃর্মড্‌)} [to use the land for growing crops and/or raising animals as a business] (আবাদ করা): They farm dairy cattle.


toxic
Toxic
Toxic / ˈtɑːksɪ / (ˈটাঃক্‌ছিক্‌) adj [poisonous] (বিষ; বিষাক্ত): to dispose of toxic waste<বর্জ্য পদার্থ>. Many pesticides are highly toxic.

Ø Dispose / dɪˈspoʊz / (ডিছˈপৌজ্‌) v [to arrange things or people in a particular way or position] (মীমাংসা করা; কার্যাদি সম্পাদন করা): All the business deals were disposed of efficiently.

<PHR V> Dispose of [= to get rid of Sb/Sth that you do not want or cannot keep] (=পরিত্যাগ করা; ফেলে দেওয়া) the difficulties of disposing of nuclear waste. To dispose of the old car.


Ø Pesticide / ˈpestɪaɪd / (ˈপেছটিছা) n [a chemical used for killing pests, especially insects] (কীটনাশক): the pesticides that farmers spray on their crops kill pests but they can also damage people’s health.

Liquid /ˈlɪkwɪd/ (ˈলিকু) n [a substance that flows freely and is not a solid a gas, for example, water or oil] (তরল পদার্থ): She poured the dark brown liquid down the sink. The transition from liquid to vapor.

Ø Pour / pɔːr / (পোর্‌) v {Pt. Pp. poured / pɔːrd / (পোর্ড্‌)} [to make a substance flow from a container, especially into another container, by raising just one side of the container that the substance is in] (ঢালা): I spilled the juice while I was pouring it.

Ø Sink / sɪŋk / (ছিঙক্‌) n [a large open bowl that is fixed to the wall in a kitchen that has taps to supply water and that you wash dishes in] (নিষ্কাকুয়া; সিংক): You can install a new sink in the kitchen

Pose / poʊz / (ফৌজ্‌) v 1. [To create a threat, problem, etc. that has to be dealt with] (<বিপদ, সমস্যা ইত্যা> সৃষ্টিকরা): to pose a threat/challenge/danger/risk. The task poses no special problems.

2. [(~ for Sb/Sth) to sit or stand in a particular position in order to be painted, drawn, or photographed] (< ছবি তোলার সময় > বিশেষ ভঙ্গিতে দাঁড়ানো): the delegates posed for a group photo<ফৌটৌ>.

Grave / ˈgreɪv / (ˈগ্রেইভ্‌) adj 1. [(of a situation, feelings, etc.) very serious and important; giving you a reason to feel worried] (গুরুতর; গম্ভির; রাশভারি): The police has expressed grave concern about the missing child’s safety. He looked very grave as he entered the room.

Gravely (adv) (গুরতরভাবে): She is gravely ill.

Ø 2. Grave / ˈgreɪv / (ˈগ্রেভ্‌) n [a place in the ground where a dead person is buried] (সমাধি; কবর): She smoked herself into an early grave (= died young as a result of smoking).

<IDM> from the cradle to the grave [= a way of referring to the whole of a person’s life, from birth to death.] (=জন্ম থেকে মৃত্য পর্যন্ত)

Have one foot in the grave [=to be so old or ill/sick that you are not likely to live much longer] (=মৃত্যর কাছাকাছা/ আত্যন্ত বৃদ্ধ হওয়া; এক পা কবরে যাওয়া)

Waterway / ˈwɔːtərweɪ / (ˈওআটরওএ) n [a narrow river or canal, etc. along which boats can travel] (জলপথ): a navigable waterway


waste
Waste
Waste / weɪst / (ওএছ্‌ট্‌) n 1. [materials that are no longer needed and are thrown away] (আবর্জনা; বর্জ্য পদার্থ): household/industrial waste * toxic waste

<Adj> 2. [(of land) not suitable for building or growing things on and therefore not used] (নিষ্ফলা, পতিত): The car was found on a piece of waste ground.

3. Waste / weɪst / (ওএছ্‌ট্‌) v [to use more of Sth than is necessary or useful] (কাজে না লাগানো; অপচয় করা): Why waste money on clothes you don’t need?


dump
Dump
Dump / dʌmp / (ডামফ্‌) n [a place where waste or rubbish/garbage is taken and left] (জঙ্গল/ ময়লা ফেলার স্থান; ভাগার; আস্তাকুর): a rubbish dump * a garbage dump * the municipal dump * a toxic/nuclear waste dump *

<IDM> time and (time) again [on many or all occasions; often] (বহুবার; অসংখ্য বার): You will get a perfect result time after time if you follow these instructions. I have told you time and time again look before you cross the road.

<IDM> in vain [=without success] (বৃথা; বিফলে): They tried in vain to persuade her to go. She waited in vain for her son to return.

<PHR-V>   Dry up [(of rivers, lakes, etc.) to become completely dry] (সম্পূর্ণ শুকিয়ে যাওয়া): During the drought, the river dried up.

Meantime / ˈmiːntaɪm / (ˈমীনঠা) n

<IDM> In the meantime [=in the period of time between two times or two events] (=ইতোমধ্যে): The next program starts in five minutes; in the meantime here is some music.

<ADV> Meantime (=এর মধ্যে): I will contact them soon; meantime does not tell them I’m back.


contaminate
Contaminate
Contaminate / kənˈtæmɪeɪt / (ন্ট্যাˈমিনে) v [to make a substance or place dirty or no longer pure by adding a substance that is dangerous or carries disease] (নোংরা, দুষিত বা রোগাগ্রস্ত করা): The drinking water has become contaminated with lead<সীসা>. Contaminate blood/food/soil *
    <SYN> Adulterate

Hazardous / ˈhæzərdəs / (ˈহ্যাজর্ড) adj [involving risk or danger, especially to Sb’s health or safety] (ঝুকিপূর্ণ ও বিপদজনক): It would be hazardous to invest so much.

Substance / ˈsʌbstəns / (ˈছাব্‌ছটন্‌ছ্‌) n 1. [A type of solid, liquid or gas that has particular qualities] (<বিশেষ ধরণের> বস্তু; পদার্থ): a sticky substance *

2. [Importance] (সারাংশ; সারগর্ভ): Nothing of any substance was achieved in a meeting.
   <SYN> Significance

Effluent / ˈefluənt / (ˈএফলুন্‌ট্‌) n [liquid waste, especially chemicals produced by factories or sewage] (কল কারখাণা থেকে নির্গত ময়লা পানি): Effluents from local factories are finding their way into the river.  

Ø Sewage / ˈsuːɪdʒ / (ˈছূজ্‌) n [used water and waste substance that are produced by human bodies that are carried away from houses and factories through special pipes] (নর্দমা দিয়ে নিষ্কাশিত তরল ময়লা; পয়ঃনিষ্কাশন): Sewage should be treated in a proper disposal system.  

Land Pollution 





Noted from Google Image, Oxford & Cambridge Dictionary 






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